Thuringia

ThüringenFree State of ThuringiaThuringenThüringiaThuringia, GermanyThuringianState of ThuringiaLandgraviate of ThuringiaTH1918
Thuringia (Thüringen), officially the Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen, ), is a state of Germany.wikipedia
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Erfurt

Erfurt, GermanyKühnhausenBindersleben
Erfurt is the state capital and largest city, while other major cities include Jena, Gera, and Weimar. The Prussian territories around Erfurt, Mühlhausen and Nordhausen joined Thuringia in 1945.
Erfurt is the capital and largest city in the state of Thuringia, central Germany.

Gera

County of Reuss-GeraLiebschwitzGera, Germany
Erfurt is the state capital and largest city, while other major cities include Jena, Gera, and Weimar.
Gera is the third-largest city in Thuringia, Germany, with 96,000 inhabitants, located 55 km south of Leipzig, 75 km east of Erfurt and 120 km west of Dresden.

Jena

Jena, GermanyCity of JenaFriedrich Schiller University of Jena
Erfurt is the state capital and largest city, while other major cities include Jena, Gera, and Weimar.
Jena is a German university city and the second largest city in Thuringia.

Weimar

Weimar, GermanyCounty of WeimarOberweimar
Erfurt is the state capital and largest city, while other major cities include Jena, Gera, and Weimar.
Weimar (Vimaria or Vinaria) is a city in the federal state of Thuringia, Germany.

Saxony

Free State of SaxonySaxonSachsen
Thuringia is surrounded by the states of Bavaria, Hesse, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Saxony.
Saxony (Sachsen ; ; Sasko; Saksonia), officially the Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen, Upper Sorbian: Swobodny stat Sakska), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland (Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Liberec, and Ústí nad Labem Regions).

Lower Saxony

NiedersachsenLower SaxonLower-Saxony
Thuringia is surrounded by the states of Bavaria, Hesse, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Saxony.
Lower Saxony borders on (from north and clockwise) the North Sea, the states of Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia, Hesse and North Rhine-Westphalia, and the Netherlands (Drenthe, Groningen and Overijssel).

Saxony-Anhalt

AnhaltSachsen-AnhaltSaxony Anhalt
Thuringia is surrounded by the states of Bavaria, Hesse, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Saxony.
Saxony-Anhalt is surrounded by the states of Lower Saxony, Brandenburg, Saxony and Thuringia.

Johann Sebastian Bach

BachJ.S. BachJ. S. Bach
Thuringia is also home to prominent German intellectuals and creative artists, including Johann Sebastian Bach, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, and Friedrich Schiller, and is location of the University of Jena, the Ilmenau University of Technology, the University of Erfurt, and the Bauhaus University of Weimar.
From 1703 he was back in Thuringia, working as a musician for Protestant churches in Arnstadt and Mühlhausen and, for longer stretches of time, at courts in Weimar, where he expanded his organ repertory, and Köthen, where he was mostly engaged with chamber music.

University of Jena

JenaJena UniversityFriedrich Schiller University of Jena
Thuringia is also home to prominent German intellectuals and creative artists, including Johann Sebastian Bach, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, and Friedrich Schiller, and is location of the University of Jena, the Ilmenau University of Technology, the University of Erfurt, and the Bauhaus University of Weimar.
The University of Jena, officially the Friedrich-Schiller University of Jena (Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, abbreviated FSU, shortened form Uni Jena) is a public research university located in Jena, Thuringia, Germany.

States of Germany

stateGerman statefederal state
Thuringia (Thüringen), officially the Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen, ), is a state of Germany.
German reunification in 1990, in which the area of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) became part of the Federal Republic, was performed by the way of accession of the re-established eastern states of Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-West Pomerania (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern), Saxony (Sachsen), Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt), and Thuringia (Thüringen) to the Federal Republic, as well as the de facto reunification of West and East Berlin into Berlin and its establishment as a full and equal state.

Oberhof, Germany

OberhofOberhof, East GermanyOberhofer
Thuringia is home to the Rennsteig, Germany's most well-known hiking trail, and the winter resort of Oberhof, making it a well-known winter sports destination with half of Germany's 136 Winter Olympic gold medals won through 2014 having been won by Thuringian athletes.
Oberhof is a town in the Schmalkalden-Meiningen district of Thuringia, Germany.

Saale

Saale RiverRiver SaaleSaxon Saale
Most of Thuringia is within the watershed of the Saale, a left tributary of the Elbe, and has been known as "the green heart of Germany" (das grüne Herz Deutschlands) from the late 19th century due to the dense forest covering the land.
The Saale originates on the slope of the Großer Waldstein mountain near Zell in the Fichtelgebirge in Upper Franconia (Bavaria), at an elevation of 728 m. It pursues a winding course in a northern direction, and after passing the manufacturing town of Hof, enters Thuringia.

Hesse

HessenHessianHessia
Thuringia is surrounded by the states of Bavaria, Hesse, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Saxony. After the extinction of the reigning Ludowingian line of counts and landgraves in 1247 and the War of the Thuringian Succession (1247–1264), the western half became independent under the name of "Hesse", never to become a part of Thuringia again.
Hessia, from the early 7th century on, served as a buffer between areas dominated by the Saxons (to the north) and the Franks, who brought the area to the south under their control in the early sixth century and occupied Thuringia (to the east) in 531.

University of Erfurt

ErfurtErfurt UniversityGotha Research Library
Thuringia is also home to prominent German intellectuals and creative artists, including Johann Sebastian Bach, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, and Friedrich Schiller, and is location of the University of Jena, the Ilmenau University of Technology, the University of Erfurt, and the Bauhaus University of Weimar.
The University of Erfurt (Universität Erfurt) is a public university located in Erfurt, the capital city of the German state of Thuringia.

Ernestine duchies

ErnestineSaxon DuchiesDivision of Erfurt
Thuringia was established in 1920 as a state of the Weimar Republic from a merger of the Ernestine duchies, except for Saxe-Coburg, but can trace its origins to the Frankish Duchy of Thuringia established around 631 AD by King Dagobert I.
The Ernestine duchies, also known as the Saxon duchies (although the Albertine appanage duchies of Weissenfels, Merseburg and Zeitz were also "Saxon duchies" and adjacent to several Ernestine ones), were a changing number of small states that were largely located in the present-day German state of Thuringia and governed by dukes of the Ernestine line of the House of Wettin.

States of the Weimar Republic

StateGerman statesLänder
Thuringia was established in 1920 as a state of the Weimar Republic from a merger of the Ernestine duchies, except for Saxe-Coburg, but can trace its origins to the Frankish Duchy of Thuringia established around 631 AD by King Dagobert I.
In 1920, the state of Thuringia was formed from the former Ernestine duchies that continued briefly as republics before merging, except for Saxe-Coburg, which became part of Bavaria.

Technische Universität Ilmenau

Ilmenau University of TechnologyTechnical University of IlmenauTU Ilmenau
Thuringia is also home to prominent German intellectuals and creative artists, including Johann Sebastian Bach, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, and Friedrich Schiller, and is location of the University of Jena, the Ilmenau University of Technology, the University of Erfurt, and the Bauhaus University of Weimar.
The Technische Universität Ilmenau (TU Ilmenau) is a German public research university located in Ilmenau, Thuringia, Germany.

Harz

Harz MountainsHarz ForelandLower Harz
Afterwards the state known as Thuringia ceased to exist; nevertheless the term commonly described the region between the Harz mountains in the north, the White Elster river in the east, the Franconian Forest in the south and the Werra river in the west.
The Harz is a Mittelgebirge that has the highest elevations in Northern Germany and its rugged terrain extends across parts of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Thuringia.

Thuringii

ThuringiansThuringianThuringi
The name Thuringia or Thüringen derives from the Germanic tribe Thuringii, who emerged during the Migration Period.
The Thuringii, or Toringi, were a Germanic tribe that appeared during the late Migration Period in the Harz Mountains of central Germania, a region still known today as Thuringia.

Mühlhausen

MuhlhausenMühlhausen/ThüringenMühlhausen, Thuringia
The Prussian territories around Erfurt, Mühlhausen and Nordhausen joined Thuringia in 1945.
Mühlhausen is a city in the north-west of Thuringia, Germany, 5 km north of Niederdorla, the country's geographical centre, 50 km north-west of Erfurt, 65 km east of Kassel and 50 km south-east of Göttingen.

Hermunduri

HermanduriHermunduri-Chatti War
An older theory claims that they were successors of the Hermunduri, but later research rejected the idea.
The Hermunduri, Hermanduri, Hermunduli, Hermonduri, or Hermonduli were an ancient Germanic tribe, who occupied an area near the Elbe river, around what is now Thuringia, Bohemia, Saxony (in East Germany), and Franconia in northern Bavaria, from the first to the third century.

New states of Germany

Eastern Germanyformer East GermanyOssi
Thuringia was re-established in 1990 following German reunification, with slightly different borders, and became one of the Federal Republic of Germany's new states.
The new states, which were dissolved by the East German government in 1952 and were re-established in 1990, are Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia.

Thuringian Forest

Thüringer WaldThuringer WaldThüringerwald
Symbols of Thuringia in popular culture are the Bratwurst and the Forest, because a large amount of the territory is forested.
The Thuringian Forest (Thüringer Wald in German), is a mountain range in the southern parts of the German state of Thuringia, running northwest to southeast between the valley of the river Werra near Eisenach and the Thuringian-Vogtlandian Slate Mountains.

List of rulers of Thuringia

Landgrave of ThuringiaDuke of Thuringiacomplete list
After the extinction of the reigning Ludowingian line of counts and landgraves in 1247 and the War of the Thuringian Succession (1247–1264), the western half became independent under the name of "Hesse", never to become a part of Thuringia again.
This is a list of the rulers of Thuringia, an historical and political region of Central Germany.

Saxe-Coburg

Duke of Saxe-CoburgCoburgDuchy of Saxe-Coburg
Thuringia was established in 1920 as a state of the Weimar Republic from a merger of the Ernestine duchies, except for Saxe-Coburg, but can trace its origins to the Frankish Duchy of Thuringia established around 631 AD by King Dagobert I.
After losing the Schmalkaldic War in 1547, the Ernestines had their territorial possessions greatly reduced in Thuringia.