A report on Tianjin

1913 map of Tianjin
Church of Our Lady's Victories, built in 1869, was the site of the Tianjin Church Massacre.
Peiyang University, established 1895
Tung Lai Bank building on Heping Road, built in 1930
Major crossing (Rue Général Foch and Rue de Chaylard) of downtown Tientsin in French concession
Asahi Street (now Heping Road) in 1939 Tianjin flood
P.R.China's 10th anniversary parade in Tianjin in 1959
Tianjin Eye
Monument of TEDA
Population density and low elevation coastal zones in the Tianjin area. Tianjin is particularly vulnerable to sea level rise.
Tianjin (labeled as T'IEN-CHIN (TIENTSIN) 天津) (1955)
Map of the Hai River Basin
2011 satellite image of Tianjin. The city center was on the left, while the smaller urban area to the right was the Binhai New Area.
Hai River in 2011
Airport Industrial Park, Dongli District
Then-Premier Wen Jiabao, himself a Tianjin native, and Klaus Schwab at the Annual Meeting of the New Champions of World Economic Forum in Tianjin, 2010
Tianjin city center
Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Area
US Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi visiting a Tianjin Qingyuan Electric Vehicle factory in 2009
Old Guanyinhao Bank
Crosstalk in Tianjin
Nankai University
Jingwei Tries to Fill the Sea, the dome mural of Tianjin railway station
Tianjin Binhai International Airport Terminal 1 and 2
Port of Tianjin pilot boat berth
The TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram is one of the two rubber tire tram systems in Asia
The Tianjin Metro near Liuyuan station
Tianjin railway station
Tianjin West railway station
Tianjin Bus Route 606
A Mazu temple in Tianjin
House decorated by more than seven hundred million pieces of ceramic
Tianjin Museum
Tianjin Italian Town
Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium, Nankai District
Tianjin Juilliard School in Binhai,Tianjin

Municipality and a coastal metropolis in Northern China on the shore of the Bohai Sea.

- Tianjin
1913 map of Tianjin

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The Tianning Pagoda, built around 1120 during the Liao dynasty.

Beijing

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Capital of the People's Republic of China.

Capital of the People's Republic of China.

The Tianning Pagoda, built around 1120 during the Liao dynasty.
One of the corner towers of the Forbidden City, built by the Yongle Emperor during the early Ming dynasty
Overlapping layout of Beijing during the Liao, Jin, Yuan and Ming dynasties
Summer Palace is one of the several palatial gardens built by Qing emperors in the northwest suburb area.
Chongwenmen, a gate to the inner walled city, c. 1906
A large portrait of Chiang Kai-shek was displayed above Tiananmen after WWII.
Mao Zedong proclaiming the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949
A scene from the opening ceremonies of the 2008 Summer Olympic Games.
Landsat 7 Satellite image of Beijing Municipality with the surrounding mountains in dark brown
1940s Nationalist Beijing with predominantly traditional architecture
The sign of Doujiao Hutong, one of the many traditional alleyways in the inner city
Beijing average annual temperatures from 1970 to 2019 during summer (June, July, and August) and winter (December, January, and February). Weather station data from ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/noaa/. For comparison the Global Surface Temperature Anomaly rose by approximately one degree over the same time period.
Heavy air pollution has resulted in widespread smog. These photographs, taken in August 2005, show the variations in Beijing's air quality.
Houhai Lake and Drum Tower at Shichahai, in the Xicheng District
Xidan is one of the oldest and busiest shopping areas in Beijing.
Beijing products treemap, 2020
The Taikoo Li Sanlitun shopping arcade is a destination for locals and visitors.
The skyline of Beijing CBD
Zhongguancun is a technology hub in Haidian District
The Beijing Ancient Observatory
Qianmen Avenue, a traditional commercial street outside Qianmen Gate along the southern Central Axis
Inside the Forbidden City
Beijing Acrobatic Performance (10553642935)
A Temple of the Goddess in Gubeikou
Fire God Temple in Di'anmen
The tomb pagodas at Tanzhe Temple
Yonghe Temple of Tibetan Buddhism
Niujie Mosque
Church of the Saviour, also known as the Xishiku Church, built in 1703
The China Central Television Headquarters building in CBD
Fireworks above Olympic venues during the opening ceremony of the 2008 Summer Olympics
Tai chi (Taijiquan) practitioners at the Fragrant Hills Park
Beijing Workers' Stadium at night as viewed from Sanlitun
Beijing railway station, one of several rail stations in the city
Badaling Expressway overpass near the Great Wall
Typical Beijing traffic signage found at intersections
Traffic jam in the Beijing CBD
Terminal 3 of the Beijing Capital International Airport
Beijing Daxing International Airport
Two Line 1 trains on the Beijing Subway, which is among the longest and busiest rapid transit systems in the world
An articulated Beijing bus
Bicyclists during rush hour at the Chang'an Avenue, 2009
KJ-2000 and J-10s started the flypast formation on the 70th anniversary of the People's Republic of China.

Beijing is mostly surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of neighboring Tianjin to the southeast; together, the three divisions form the Jingjinji megalopolis and the national capital region of China.

Binhai

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Tianjin Juilliard School in Binhai,Tianjin
Tianjin Binhai Library

Binhai, officially known as Binhai New Area, is a sub-provincial district and state-level new area within the jurisdiction of Tianjin Municipality in the People's Republic of China.

Hebei

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Northern province of China.

Northern province of China.

Nearly 1100-year-old Iron Lion of Cangzhou
Tricolor Duck-Shaped Cup, Tang Dynasty, unearthed from Anxin County
The Putuo Zongcheng Temple of Chengde, Hebei, built in 1771 during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor.
Hebei in 1936
Langyashan (Wolf Tooth Mountain), in Yi County
Section of the Great Wall of China at Jinshanling
Bashang Meadows in Fengning County
Downtown Shijiazhuang.
A building in downtown Zhangjiakou.
The Lingxiao Pagoda of Zhengding, Hebei Province, built in AD 1045 during the Song dynasty
Hejian-styled donkey burger
A Ding ware bowl
The Xumi Pagoda of Zhengding, Hebei province, built in 636 AD during the Tang dynasty
View of the Chengde Mountain Resort

The capital was also moved from Baoding to the upstart city of Shijiazhuang, and, for a short period, to Tianjin.

The Grand Canal, under Sui and Tang dynasties.

Grand Canal (China)

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Longest canal or artificial river in the world.

Longest canal or artificial river in the world.

The Grand Canal, under Sui and Tang dynasties.
The invention of the water-level-adjusting pound lock in the 10th century CE was done in response to the necessity of greater safety for the travel of barge ships along the rougher waters of the Grand Canal.
The Chinese invention of the pound lock system allows for water levels to be raised or lowered to improve travel in the canal.
The Yongle Emperor (r. 1402–1424) restored the Grand Canal in the Ming era.
Grand Canal. Drawing by William Alexander, draughtsman of the Macartney Embassy to China in 1793.
The Qianlong Emperor's Southern Inspection Tour, Scroll Six: Entering Suzhou along the Grand Canal dated 1770.
Barges on the modern Grand Canal ("Li Canal" section) near Yangzhou
The Jiangnan Canal
Grand Canal tour boats, Suzhou
The canal in Jining City
The junction of the Lu Canal and South Canal
The Grand Canal at its northern terminus at Houhai in Beijing.
The South–North Water Transfer Project central route starting point in Nanyang. Looking "upstream", toward the Danjiangkou Reservoir, from which the water is coming.

Starting in Beijing, it passes through Tianjin and the provinces of Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang to the city of Hangzhou, linking the Yellow River and Yangtze River.

Hai River

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The Bund of the Hai River.

The Hai River (海河, lit. "Sea River"), also known as the Peiho, Pei Ho ("White River"), or Hai Ho, is a Chinese river connecting Beijing to Tianjin and the Bohai Sea.

China MSA's Seaways Plan for the Bohai Sea. Planned routes follow closely the seaways currently in use

Bohai Sea

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Marginal sea approximately 77,000 km2 in area on the east coast of Mainland China.

Marginal sea approximately 77,000 km2 in area on the east coast of Mainland China.

China MSA's Seaways Plan for the Bohai Sea. Planned routes follow closely the seaways currently in use
Rocky shore in Dalian, Liaoning

The Bohai Sea is enclosed by three provinces and one direct-administered municipality from three different regions of China — Liaoning Province (of Northeast China), Hebei Province and Tianjin Municipality (of North China), and Shandong Province (of East China).

Boxer Rebellion and Eight-Nation Alliance, China 1900–1901

Boxer Rebellion

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Anti-foreign, anti-colonial, and anti-Christian uprising in China between 1899 and 1901, towards the end of the Qing dynasty, by the Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists, known as the "Boxers" in English because many of its members had practised Chinese martial arts, which at the time were referred to as "Chinese boxing".

Anti-foreign, anti-colonial, and anti-Christian uprising in China between 1899 and 1901, towards the end of the Qing dynasty, by the Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists, known as the "Boxers" in English because many of its members had practised Chinese martial arts, which at the time were referred to as "Chinese boxing".

Boxer Rebellion and Eight-Nation Alliance, China 1900–1901
Boxer with spear and sword
(Wax Model by George S. Stuart)
A French political propaganda cartoon depicting China as a pie about to be carved up by Queen Victoria (Britain), Kaiser Wilhelm II (Germany), Tsar Nicholas II (Russia), Marianne (France) and a samurai (Japan), while Boxer leader Dong Fuxiang protests.
Chinese Muslim troops from Gansu, also known as the Gansu Braves, killed a Japanese diplomat on 11 June 1900. Foreigners called them the "10,000 Islamic rabble."
Japanese marines who served in the Seymour Expedition
Admiral Seymour returning to Tianjin with his wounded men on 26 June
Italian mounted infantry near Tientsin in 1900
Qing imperial soldiers during the Boxer Rebellion
Locations of foreign diplomatic legations and front lines in Beijing during the siege
Capture of the Forts at Taku [Dagu], by Fritz Neumann
Representative U.S., Indian, French, Italian, British, German, Austro-Hungarian and Japanese military and naval personnel in the Allied forces
1900, soldiers burned down the Temple, Shanhaiguan. The destruction of a Chinese temple on the bank of the Pei-Ho, by Amédée Forestier
Han Chinese general Nie Shicheng, who fought both the Boxers and the Allies
Boxer soldiers
Han Chinese general Dong Fuxiang whose Moslem "Gansu Braves" besieged the Legations.
The Boxers bombarded Tianjin in June 1900, and Dong Fuxiang's Muslim troops attacked the British Admiral Seymour and his expeditionary force.
The capture of the southern gate of Tianjin. British troops were positioned on the left, Japanese troops at the centre, French troops on the right.
Chinese troops wearing modern uniforms in 1900
Indian troops at the Temple of Heaven. They were the first to enter the Legation Quarter.
Japanese woodblock print depicting troops of the Eight-Nation Alliance.
Russian officers in Manchuria during the Boxer Rebellion
The Holy Chinese Martyrs of the Eastern Orthodox Church as depicted in an icon commissioned in 1990
The Russian empire occupied Manchuria while the Eight Nation Alliance jointly occupied Zhili province. The rest of China outside of Manchuria and Zhili were unaffected due to the governor generals who participated in the Mutual Protection of Southeast China in 1900.
French troops execute a Boxer
Execution of Boxers by standing strangulation
American troops during the Boxer Rebellion
French 1901 China expedition commemorative medal. Musée de la Légion d'Honneur.
Foreign armies assemble inside the Forbidden City after capturing Beijing, 28 November 1900
"Boxers" captured by the U.S. 6th Cavalry near Tianjin in 1901. Historians believed they were merely bystanders.
Qing forces of Chinese soldiers in 1899–1901.
Left: two infantrymen of the New Imperial Army. Front: drum major of the regular army. Seated on the trunk: field artilleryman. Right: Boxers.
A Boxer during the revolt
U.S. Marines fight rebellious Boxers outside Beijing Legation Quarter, 1900. Copy of painting by Sergeant John Clymer.
British and Japanese forces engage Boxers in battle.

An Eight Nation Alliance of American, Austro-Hungarian, British, French, German, Italian, Japanese and Russian troops moved into China to lift the siege and on June 17 stormed the Dagu Fort, at Tianjin.

Yellow River

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Second-longest river in China, after the Yangtze River, and the sixth-longest river system in the world at the estimated length of 5464 km. Originating in the Bayan Har Mountains in Qinghai province of Western China, it flows through nine provinces, and it empties into the Bohai Sea near the city of Dongying in Shandong province.

Second-longest river in China, after the Yangtze River, and the sixth-longest river system in the world at the estimated length of 5464 km. Originating in the Bayan Har Mountains in Qinghai province of Western China, it flows through nine provinces, and it empties into the Bohai Sea near the city of Dongying in Shandong province.

The Yellow River Breaches its Course by Ma Yuan (1160–1225, Song dynasty)
The Yellow River as depicted in a Qing dynasty illustrated map (sections)
Historical courses of the Yellow River
Historical courses of the Yellow River
Chinese Nationalist Army soldiers during the 1938 Yellow River flood.
Zoigê County, Sichuan.
Guide County, Qinghai in the Tibetan Plateau, upstream from the Loess Plateau.
Near Xunhua, Qinghai.
Liujiaxia, Gansu.
At Lanzhou, Gansu
At Shapotou, Ningxia
Qiankun bend in Yonghe County
At Luoyang, Henan
The mouth of the Daxia River (coming from bottom right), flowing into the Yellow River's Liujiaxia Reservoir in Linxia Prefecture, Gansu
Expansion of the Yellow River Delta from 1989 to 2009 in five-year intervals.
Yellow River Delta
Liujiaxia Dam, Gansu
Sanmenxia Dam, Henan
Major cities along the Yellow River
Pontoon bridge (Luokou Pontoon Bridge ) over the Yellow River in Jinan, Shandong
The paradise fish is well known in the aquarium hobby and it originates from East Asian river basins, including the Yellow River
The Chinese pond turtle (shown) and Chinese softshell turtle are both native to the Yellow River, but also farmed in large numbers
Qikou town along Yellow River in Shanxi Province

These accounts show that after the river passed Luoyang, it flowed along the border between Shanxi and Henan Provinces, then continued along the border between Hebei and Shandong before emptying into Bohai Bay near present-day Tianjin.

Location map of Bohai Economic Rim (yellow), Yangtze River Delta (blue) and Pearl River Delta (silver).

Bohai Economic Rim

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Location map of Bohai Economic Rim (yellow), Yangtze River Delta (blue) and Pearl River Delta (silver).

The Bohai Economic Rim (BER) or Bohai Bay Economic Rim (BBER) is the economic region surrounding Tianjin (Tientsin).

A ceremonial jade cong of the Liangzhu culture.

Hangzhou

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Capital and most populous city of Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.

Capital and most populous city of Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.

A ceremonial jade cong of the Liangzhu culture.
West Lake
Hangzhou CBD
A satellite image of the Yangtze River Delta. The Yangtze's natural sediment discharge can be seen.
A mansion in Nanshan Road, Hangzhou
Zhejiang Stock Exchange in the Qianjiang Central Business District
Alibaba Group Headquarters
West Lake and Leifeng Pagoda
West Lake at night
Hu Xueyan Residence, a historic mansion in Hangzhou
Chenghuangmiao located on Wushan, Hangzhou
Gilt silver Hōkyōintō Unearthed from Leifeng Pagoda Site, now in the Zhejiang Provincial Museum
Xihu Longjing (西湖龙井), Longjing tea planted near the West Lake
Leifeng Pagoda
Xi Hu Landscape by Li Song (1190–1264), showing the Leifeng Pagoda in the Southern Song Dynasty.
"Moon over the Peaceful Lake in Autumn", one of the Ten Scenes of the Xi Hu
Dreaming of the Tiger Spring, the burial place of monk Jigong.

According to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC), the city is classified as Beta (global second-tier) city, together with Chongqing, Nanjing and Tianjin in China.