Ticket of leave

ticket-of-leavetickets of leaveticket of occupation
A ticket of leave was a document of parole issued to convicts who had shown they could now be trusted with some freedoms.wikipedia
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Parole

paroledsupervised releasenon-parole period
A ticket of leave was a document of parole issued to convicts who had shown they could now be trusted with some freedoms.
He reformed its ticket of leave system, instituting what many consider the world's first parole system.

Convicts in Australia

convictconvictstransported to Australia
Its principal aim was to reduce the burden on the fledgling colonial government of providing food from the government's limited stores to the convicts who were being transported from the United Kingdom to New South Wales.
If a convict was well behaved, the convict could be given a ticket of leave, granting some freedom.

Penal transportation

transportedtransportationtransporting
Its principal aim was to reduce the burden on the fledgling colonial government of providing food from the government's limited stores to the convicts who were being transported from the United Kingdom to New South Wales.
In Australia, a convict who had served part of his time might apply for a ticket of leave, permitting some prescribed freedoms.

Philip Gidley King

Governor KingKingPhillip Gidley King
The ticket of leave system was first introduced by Governor Philip Gidley King in 1801.
He appointed emancipists to positions of responsibility, regulated the position of assigned servants, and laid the foundation of the 'ticket of leave' system for deserving prisoners.

Walter Crofton

Walter Frederick CroftonSir Walter Crofton
Walter Crofton administered the Irish ticket of leave system.
For the third stage, officials promoted prisoners in small numbers to "intermediate" prisons (essentially a halfway house, where they could run errands and attend church in the community) as a final test of their readiness for Irish tickets of leave.

Certificate of freedom

The first level was the ticket of leave, which still imposed significant restriction upon the individual and could be issued after at least half the original sentence was served.

Convict

convictsex-convictex-con
A ticket of leave was a document of parole issued to convicts who had shown they could now be trusted with some freedoms.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
Its principal aim was to reduce the burden on the fledgling colonial government of providing food from the government's limited stores to the convicts who were being transported from the United Kingdom to New South Wales. Originally the ticket was issued in Britain and later adapted by the United States, Canada, and Ireland.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
Originally the ticket was issued in Britain and later adapted by the United States, Canada, and Ireland.

Canada

CanadianCANCanadians
Originally the ticket was issued in Britain and later adapted by the United States, Canada, and Ireland.

Ireland

IrishIRLisland of Ireland
Originally the ticket was issued in Britain and later adapted by the United States, Canada, and Ireland.

Colony

coloniescolonialcolonized
Its principal aim was to reduce the burden on the fledgling colonial government of providing food from the government's limited stores to the convicts who were being transported from the United Kingdom to New South Wales.

New South Wales

NSWNew South Wales, AustraliaColony of New South Wales
Its principal aim was to reduce the burden on the fledgling colonial government of providing food from the government's limited stores to the convicts who were being transported from the United Kingdom to New South Wales.

Employment

employeeemployeremployees
Before too long, tickets began to be given as a reward for good behaviour, which permitted the holders to seek employment within a specified district, but not leave it without the permission of the government or the district's resident magistrate.

Resident magistrate

Deputy MagistrateDistrict JudgeGovernment Resident
Before too long, tickets began to be given as a reward for good behaviour, which permitted the holders to seek employment within a specified district, but not leave it without the permission of the government or the district's resident magistrate.

Gentleman

gentlemenGent.Caballero
Some "gentlemen convicts" were issued with tickets on their arrival in the colony.

Penal labour

hard labourpenal servitudehard labor
Starting in 1811, the need to first officiate some time in servitude was established, and in 1821 Governor Brisbane introduced regulations specifying the lengths of sentences that had to be served before a convict could be considered for a ticket: four years for a seven-year sentence, six to eight years for a 14-year sentence, and 10 to 12 years for those with a life sentence.

Thomas Brisbane

Governor BrisbaneSir Thomas BrisbaneThomas Makdougall Brisbane
Starting in 1811, the need to first officiate some time in servitude was established, and in 1821 Governor Brisbane introduced regulations specifying the lengths of sentences that had to be served before a convict could be considered for a ticket: four years for a seven-year sentence, six to eight years for a 14-year sentence, and 10 to 12 years for those with a life sentence.

Marriage

married couplesopposite-sex married couplesmarried
Ticket-of-leave holders were permitted to marry, or to bring their families from Britain, and to acquire property, but they were not permitted to carry firearms or board a ship.

Firearm

small armsfirearmssmall-arms
Ticket-of-leave holders were permitted to marry, or to bring their families from Britain, and to acquire property, but they were not permitted to carry firearms or board a ship.

Ship

shipsvesselsvessel
Ticket-of-leave holders were permitted to marry, or to bring their families from Britain, and to acquire property, but they were not permitted to carry firearms or board a ship.

Pardon

clemencypresidential pardonpardoned
Convicts who observed the conditions of the ticket of leave until the completion of one half of their sentence were entitled to a conditional pardon, which removed all restrictions except a ban on leaving the colony.

Arrest

arrestedcustodypolice custody
Convicts who did not observe the conditions of their ticket could be arrested without warrant, tried without recourse to the Supreme Court, and would forfeit their property.

Warrant (law)

warrantRoyal Warrantwarrants
Convicts who did not observe the conditions of their ticket could be arrested without warrant, tried without recourse to the Supreme Court, and would forfeit their property.