Timariots

timariotfeudal cavalryTimarlifeudal landlordstimar holder systemtimar'' holderstimarsTımarlı
Timariot (or tımar holder; tımarlı in Turkish) was the name given to a Sipahi cavalryman in the Ottoman army.wikipedia
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Military of the Ottoman Empire

Ottoman ArmyOttoman militaryOttoman
Timariot (or tımar holder; tımarlı in Turkish) was the name given to a Sipahi cavalryman in the Ottoman army.
They were given fiefs called timars in the conquered lands, and were later called timariots.

Sipahi

sipahisOttoman cavalrysepahi
Timariot (or tımar holder; tımarlı in Turkish) was the name given to a Sipahi cavalryman in the Ottoman army. When the annual income of the holding was above 4.000 akçe the sipahi had to be accompanied by a soldier in a coat of mail, for income above 15.000 akçe by additional soldier for each additional 3.000 akçe.
The sipahis formed two distinct types of cavalry: feudal-like, provincial timarlı sipahi (timariots) which consisted most of the Ottoman army, and salaried, regular kapıkulu sipahi (sipahi of the Porte), which constituted the cavalry part of the Ottoman household troops.

Timar

timarsTimar Systemtımar
In return for service, each timariot received a parcel of revenue called a timar, a fief, which were usually recently conquered plots of agricultural land in the countryside.
A Timar holder was known as a Timariot.

Turkish language

TurkishModern TurkishTr
Timariot (or tımar holder; tımarlı in Turkish) was the name given to a Sipahi cavalryman in the Ottoman army.

Fief

fiefdomfeeseigneurie
In return for service, each timariot received a parcel of revenue called a timar, a fief, which were usually recently conquered plots of agricultural land in the countryside.

Cuirass

cuirassesbell cuirassbreastplate
When summoned for campaign the timariot and his cebelu had to present themselves with a cuirass.

Sanjak-bey

sanjakbeysanjak beysancakbey
Timariots were themselves organized by sanjak-beys who ruled over groups of timars.

Beylerbeyi

Beylerbeyi Küplüce Cemetery
The sanjak-beys were subordinate to the beylerbeyi and then the sultan himself.

Hass (Ottoman)

hasshas
Higher ranking officers could receive a ziamet (up to 100,000 akces) or a has (over 100,000 akce), depending on importance.

Akçe

aspersakceasper
When the annual income of the holding was above 4.000 akçe the sipahi had to be accompanied by a soldier in a coat of mail, for income above 15.000 akçe by additional soldier for each additional 3.000 akçe.

Janissaries

JanissaryJannisaryJannisaries
The sipahis were also in constant competition for control of the Ottoman military with the janissary class.

Morean War

Sixth Ottoman–Venetian WarwarBattle of Patras
During the 17th century, the Ottomans remained the premier political and military power in Europe, but signs of decline were evident: the Ottoman economy suffered from the influx of gold and silver from the Americas, an increasingly unbalanced budget and repeated devaluations of the currency, while the traditional timariot cavalry system and the Janissaries, who formed the core of the Ottoman armies, declined in quality and were increasingly replaced by irregular forces that were inferior to the regular European armies.

Uprising of Dervish Cara

Albanian Revolt of 1843–44Albanian Revolt of 1843–1844Albanian Revolt of 1843-1844
timariots and sipahis) among the Empire's Muslim communities, and especially the various local leaders who had exercised considerable regional authority and often enjoyed wide-ranging autonomy from the imperial government.

Michael Angelović

Mihailo Anđelović
He plotted with the Ottomans but was apprehended and after brief captivity joined his brother, Ottoman official Mahmud Pasha, as a Timariot.

Administrative divisions of the Ottoman Empire

Subdivisions of the Ottoman EmpireeyaletList of Ottoman Empire territories
Sanjaks were further divided into timars (fiefs held by timariots), kadiluks (the area of responsibility of a judge, or Kadi) and zeamets (also ziam; larger timars).

Tuqan clan

TuqanTuqan familyToukan
The Tuqans had already been a prominent clan before their migration to Jabal Nablus, with many members being timariot (timar holders, who were akin to fief holders), including a certain Hajj Mahmud Tuqan, who had been a wealthy merchant.

Rise of the Ottoman Empire

Ottoman (Osmanlı) BeylikOttoman beylikOttoman emirate
These surveys enabled the Ottoman state to organize the distribution of agricultural taxation rights to the military class of timariots, cavalrymen who collected revenue from the land in exchange for serving in the Ottoman army.

Sanjak

sanjakssandjakQada
Ottoman provinces (eyalets, later vilayets) were divided into sanjaks (also called livas) governed by sanjakbeys (also called Mutesarriff) and were further subdivided into timars (fiefs held by timariots), kadiluks (the area of responsibility of a judge, or Kadı) and zeamets (also ziam; larger timars).

Oso Kuka

Born around 1812 or 1820 in Shkodër, in a timariot family with early origins from the area of Kukës.

Tursun Beg

Tursun BeyTursunTursun Beg (Turkish historian)
He came from a prominent timariot family and held a timar himself.

Ottoman Greece

Ottoman ruleGreeceOttoman period
This land could not be sold or inherited, but reverted to the Sultan's possession when the fief-holder (timariot) died.

Strumica

StrumitsaStrumitzaStromnitsa
It belonged to the Sanjak of Kyustendil, and the timarli-sipahi system was established.

Naqib al-Ashraf revolt

two-year rebellion
Under the new governors, the exploitation of the local population by Janissaries, timariots (fief holders) and subashis continued unabated.

Albanian nobility

Albanian noblemanAlbanian noble familyAlbanian noble
Some members of the Albanian nobility were Ottoman timariots.