Timor

Timor IslandTimor and Wetar deciduous forestsTimoreseIsland of TimorHistory of TimorIsle of TimorWestern Timor
Timor is an island at the southern end of Maritime Southeast Asia, north of the Timor Sea.wikipedia
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Timor Sea

TimorArafura Sea
Timor is an island at the southern end of Maritime Southeast Asia, north of the Timor Sea.
The Timor Sea (Laut Timor; Mar de Timor; Tasi Mane or Tasi Timór) is a relatively shallow sea bounded to the north by the island of Timor, to the east by the Arafura Sea, to the south by Australia.

East Timor

Timor-LesteTimor LesteDemocratic Republic of Timor-Leste
The island is divided between the sovereign states of East Timor on the eastern part and Indonesia on the western part.
It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecusse, an exclave on the northwestern side of the island surrounded by Indonesian West Timor.

East Nusa Tenggara

NTTEast Nusa Tenggara ProvinceEmblem of East Nusa Tenggara
The Indonesian part, also known as West Timor, constitutes part of the province of East Nusa Tenggara.
It consists of more than 500 islands, with the largest ones being Sumba, Flores, and the western part of Timor; the latter shares a land border with the separate nation of East Timor.

Tetum language

TetumTetunTetum and
The largest are the Atoni of western Timor, and the Tetum of central and eastern Timor.
Tetum (Portuguese), Tetun (Lian Tetun), is an Austronesian language spoken on the island of Timor.

Atoni

DawanAtoin Meto
The largest are the Atoni of western Timor, and the Tetum of central and eastern Timor.
The Atoni (also known as the Atoin Meto, Atoin Pah Meto or Dawan) people are an ethnic group on Timor, in Indonesian West Timor and the East Timorese enclave of Oecussi-Ambeno.

Timoric languages

Timor–BabarRotiRotenese language
Most indigenous Timorese languages belong to the Timor–Babar branch of the Austronesian languages spoken throughout the Indonesian archipelago.
The Timoric, or sometimes Timor–Babar, languages are a group of fifty Austronesian languages (belonging to the Central–Eastern subgroup) spoken on the islands of Timor, neighboring Wetar, and (depending on the classification) the Babar Islands to the east.

Papuan languages

Papuan languagePapuanNew Guinea
Although lexical evidence is lacking, the non-Austronesian languages of Timor are thought to be related to languages spoken on Halmahera and in Western New Guinea.
The majority of the Papuan languages are spoken on the island of New Guinea, with a number spoken in the Bismarck Archipelago, Bougainville Island and the Solomon Islands to the east, and in Halmahera, Timor and the Alor archipelago to the west.

Indonesia

Republic of IndonesiaIndonesianIndonesian Republic
The island is divided between the sovereign states of East Timor on the eastern part and Indonesia on the western part.
Indonesia shares land borders with Malaysia on Borneo, Papua New Guinea on the island of New Guinea, and East Timor on the island of Timor, and maritime borders with Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Palau, and Australia.

Lesser Sunda Islands

Lesser SundasLesser SundaNusa Tenggara
The name is a variant of timur, Malay for "east"; it is so called because it lies at the eastern end of the Lesser Sunda Islands. Together with Sumba, Babar and associated smaller islands, Timor forms the southern outer archipelago of the Lesser Sunda Islands with the inner islands of Flores, Alor and Wetar to the north, and beyond them Sulawesi.
The main Lesser Sunda Islands are, from west to east: Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba, Timor, Alor archipelago, Barat Daya Islands, and Tanimbar Islands.

Sumba

Sumba IslandSoembaSumba deciduous forests
Together with Sumba, Babar and associated smaller islands, Timor forms the southern outer archipelago of the Lesser Sunda Islands with the inner islands of Flores, Alor and Wetar to the north, and beyond them Sulawesi.
To the northwest of Sumba is Sumbawa, to the northeast, across the Sumba Strait (Selat Sumba), is Flores, to the east, across the Savu Sea, is Timor, and to the south, across part of the Indian Ocean, is Australia.

Flores

Flores IslandFlores peopleFlores Island, Indonesia
Together with Sumba, Babar and associated smaller islands, Timor forms the southern outer archipelago of the Lesser Sunda Islands with the inner islands of Flores, Alor and Wetar to the north, and beyond them Sulawesi.
To the southeast is Timor.

Sulawesi

CelebesCelebes IslandsSulawesi Island
Together with Sumba, Babar and associated smaller islands, Timor forms the southern outer archipelago of the Lesser Sunda Islands with the inner islands of Flores, Alor and Wetar to the north, and beyond them Sulawesi.
The island is surrounded by Borneo to the west, by the Philippines to the north, by Maluku to the east, and by Flores and Timor to the south.

Wetar

Wetar IslandPulau WetarWetar Is.
Together with Sumba, Babar and associated smaller islands, Timor forms the southern outer archipelago of the Lesser Sunda Islands with the inner islands of Flores, Alor and Wetar to the north, and beyond them Sulawesi.
It lies east of the Lesser Sunda Islands, which include nearby Alor and Timor, but it is politically part of the Maluku Islands.

Kupang

KoepangCoupangCopang
The largest towns on the island are the provincial capital of Kupang in West Timor, Indonesia and the Portuguese colonial towns of Dili the capital, and Baucau in East Timor.
It is the biggest city and port on the island of Timor.

Jaco Island

JacoPulau Jaco
Timor and its offshore islands such as Atauro, a former place of exile increasingly known for its beaches and coral, as well as Jaco along with Wetar and the other Barat Daya Islands to the northeast constitute the Timor and Wetar deciduous forests ecoregion.
Jaco Island, sometimes spelt Jako, is an uninhabited island in East Timor, a country occupying the eastern end of the island of Timor in the Lesser Sunda Islands of Wallacea.

Alor Island

Alor Batulolong Pulau Alor
Together with Sumba, Babar and associated smaller islands, Timor forms the southern outer archipelago of the Lesser Sunda Islands with the inner islands of Flores, Alor and Wetar to the north, and beyond them Sulawesi.
To the south, across the Strait of Alor, lies the western part of Timor.

Sunda Islands

SundaSundasSunda archipelago
Timor is located north of Australia, and is one of the easternmost Sunda Islands.
Timor Island is divided between East Timor and Indonesia.

Wallacea

eastern portion
This ecoregion is part of the Wallacea area with a mixture of plants and animals of Asian and Australasian origin; it lies in the western part of Wallacea, in which Asian species predominate.
Wallacea includes Sulawesi, the largest island in the group, as well as Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba, Timor, Halmahera, Buru, Seram, and many smaller islands.

Dili

DíliDili, East TimorDelhi
The largest towns on the island are the provincial capital of Kupang in West Timor, Indonesia and the Portuguese colonial towns of Dili the capital, and Baucau in East Timor.
Dili lies on the northern coast of Timor island, the easternmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands.

Australia (continent)

AustraliaAustralian continentSahul
Timor is the principal island of the Outer Banda Arc, which has been upthrust by collision with the Australian continent.
The Outer Banda Arc was accreted along the northwestern edge the continent; it includes the islands of Timor, Tanimbar, and Seram.

Banda Arc

Outer Banda ArcInner Banda ArcBanda
Timor is the principal island of the Outer Banda Arc, which has been upthrust by collision with the Australian continent.

Aleurites moluccanus

candlenutkukuiAleurites moluccana
Typical trees of the lowland slopes include Sterculia foetida, Calophyllum teysmannii and Aleurites moluccanus.
Remains of harvested candlenuts have been recovered from archaeological sites in Timor and Morotai in eastern Indonesia, dated to around 13,000 and 11,000 BP, respectively.

Barat Daya Islands

Kepulauan Barat DayaTeun IslandBabar
Timor and its offshore islands such as Atauro, a former place of exile increasingly known for its beaches and coral, as well as Jaco along with Wetar and the other Barat Daya Islands to the northeast constitute the Timor and Wetar deciduous forests ecoregion.
The Wetar Strait separates Wetar from Timor to the south.

Saltwater crocodile

estuarine crocodileCrocodylus porosussaltwater crocodiles
Saltwater crocodiles are found in the wetlands whereas reticulated pythons can be found in forests and grasslands of Timor.
In the Lesser Sunda Islands, it is present along the coasts of Sumba, Lembata Island, Flores, Alor Island, Menipo, Rote Island and Timor.

Wetar ground dove

Wetar ground-doveGallicolumba hoedtii
There is a total of 250 species of which twenty four are endemic, due to the relative isolation of Timor, including five threatened species; the slaty cuckoo-dove, Wetar ground dove, Timor green pigeon, Timor imperial pigeon, and iris lorikeet.
The Wetar ground dove (Pampusana hoedtii) is a species of bird in the family Columbidae found on Wetar, Indonesia and Timor.