Tintagel Castle

TintagelArthur's castlecastlecastle of TintagelTintagel IslandTintagel MonasteryTyntagel
Tintagel Castle (Dintagel) is a medieval fortification located on the peninsula of Tintagel Island adjacent to the village of Tintagel (Travena), North Cornwall in the United Kingdom.wikipedia
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Tintagel

Tintagel HeadTrevenaManor of Tintagel
Tintagel Castle (Dintagel) is a medieval fortification located on the peninsula of Tintagel Island adjacent to the village of Tintagel (Travena), North Cornwall in the United Kingdom.
The village and nearby Tintagel Castle are associated with the legends surrounding King Arthur.

King Arthur

ArthurianArthurArthurian legend
The castle has a long association with legends related to King Arthur.
Many elements and incidents that are now an integral part of the Arthurian story appear in Geoffrey's Historia, including Arthur's father Uther Pendragon, the magician Merlin, Arthur's wife Guinevere, the sword Excalibur, Arthur's conception at Tintagel, his final battle against Mordred at Camlann, and final rest in Avalon.

Richard of Cornwall

Richard, 1st Earl of CornwallRichard, Earl of CornwallRichard
A castle was built on the site by Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall in the 13th century, during the later medieval period. In 1225, Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall traded with Gervase de Tintagel, swapping the land of Merthen (originally part of the manor of Winnianton) for Tintagel Castle.
In 1225 Richard traded with Gervase de Tintagel, swapping the land of Merthen (originally part of the manor of Winnianton) for Tintagel Castle.

English Heritage

EHAncient Monuments BoardEnglish Heritage Trust
Owned by Charles, Prince of Wales as part of the landholdings of the Duchy of Cornwall, the site is managed by English Heritage.
Within its portfolio are Stonehenge, Dover Castle, Tintagel Castle and the best preserved parts of Hadrian's Wall.

Igraine

YgraineEigrIgerna
Geoffrey told the story that Arthur's father, King Uther Pendragon, was disguised by Merlin's sorcery to look like Gorlois, Duke of Cornwall, the husband of Igraine, Arthur's mother.
Gorlois conducts the war from the castle of Dimilioc but places his wife in safety in Tintagel Castle.

Merlin

MerlynMerlin the MagicianMyrddin
Geoffrey told the story that Arthur's father, King Uther Pendragon, was disguised by Merlin's sorcery to look like Gorlois, Duke of Cornwall, the husband of Igraine, Arthur's mother.
In the second, Merlin's magic enables the new British king Uther Pendragon to enter into Tintagel Castle in disguise and father his son Arthur with his enemy's wife, Igraine.

Merlin's Cave

From 1870, a lead mine was worked for a short time near Merlin's Cave.
Merlin's Cave is a cave located beneath Tintagel Castle, 5 km south-west of Boscastle, Cornwall, England.

Dumnonia

West WelshBattle of BamptonBritons of the south west
It was settled during the early medieval period, when it was probably one of the seasonal residences of the regional king of Dumnonia.
In the 12th century Geoffrey of Monmouth wrote in his fanciful and imaginative Historia Regum Britanniae that King Arthur was conceived at Tintagel Castle, and he also claimed that Constantine, identified with the Constantine denounced by Gildas, was a successor to Arthur, thereby making Arthur a member of the royal house of Dumnonia.

Dumnonii

DumnoniansWest Britons
The territory of modern Cornwall was assigned to the Roman administrative region of civitas Dumnoniorum, named after the local British tribal group whom the Romans called the Dumnonii.
Other high-status settlements such as Tintagel seem to have been reconstructed during this period.

Merthen Manor

MerthenMerthen Wood
In 1225, Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall traded with Gervase de Tintagel, swapping the land of Merthen (originally part of the manor of Winnianton) for Tintagel Castle.
The land of Merthen was originally part of the manor of Winnianton, which was given to Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall by his brother, Henry III, in 1225, who then swapped it with Gervase de Tintagel for Tintagel Castle.

Artognou stone

Arthur stoneArthur's inscribed stone
The Artognou stone was found at Tintagel bearing the inscription PATERN[--] COLI AVI FICIT ARTOGNOU, and it has been claimed by some to provide evidence for a historical Arthur, but most historians reject this view.
It was discovered in 1998 in securely dated sixth-century contexts among the ruins at Tintagel Castle in Cornwall, a secular, high status settlement of sub-Roman Britain.

John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter

John HollandEarl of HuntingdonJohn Holland, Earl of Huntingdon
John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter was appointed constable of Tintagel Castle in 1389.
In 1389 he was appointed Lord Great Chamberlain for life, Admiral of the Fleet in the Western Seas, and constable of Tintagel Castle in Cornwall.

Petrosomatoglyph

Petrosomatoglyphscarved footprintDevil's Foot Rock
In the late 19th and early 20th century, nothing had been excavated except the chapel, and so ideas were given currency such as the garden being a cemetery and King Arthur's Footprint being a place for King Arthur to leap to the mainland.

Ralegh Radford

C. A. Ralegh RadfordC A Ralegh RadfordC. A. R. Radford
Devon archaeologist Ralegh Radford excavated at the site from 1933 through to 1938, and he pioneered the hypothesis that Tintagel Castle had been a monastery during Period II.

Revived Cornish Stannary Parliament

Cornish Stannary Parliament
Members of the pressure group Revived Cornish Stannary Parliament removed several signs because they objected to the use of the name "English Heritage", stating that Cornwall is rightfully a nation on its own.
The Revived Cornish Stannary Parliament believed the reason for the introduction of the PII certificate was that the Duchy of Cornwall refuses to reveal the circumstances under which it transferred several of its properties (including Tintagel Castle) to the management of English Heritage.

England in the Middle Ages

medievalmedieval EnglandMiddle Ages
Tintagel Castle (Dintagel) is a medieval fortification located on the peninsula of Tintagel Island adjacent to the village of Tintagel (Travena), North Cornwall in the United Kingdom.

North Cornwall

North Cornwall District CouncilBude FormationCornwall
Tintagel Castle (Dintagel) is a medieval fortification located on the peninsula of Tintagel Island adjacent to the village of Tintagel (Travena), North Cornwall in the United Kingdom.

Roman Britain

RomanBritainBritannia
The site was possibly occupied in the Romano-British period, as an array of artefacts dating to this period have been found on the peninsula, but as yet no Roman-era structure has been proven to have existed there.

Geoffrey of Monmouth

GeoffreyGafridian legendGalfridian
This began in the 12th century when Geoffrey of Monmouth described Tintagel as the place of Arthur's conception in his fictionalized account of British history, Historia Regum Britanniae.

Historia Regum Britanniae

History of the Kings of BritainThe History of the Kings of BritainHistoria Regum Britanniæ
This began in the 12th century when Geoffrey of Monmouth described Tintagel as the place of Arthur's conception in his fictionalized account of British history, Historia Regum Britanniae.

Uther Pendragon

UtherKing UtherKing Uther Pendragon
Geoffrey told the story that Arthur's father, King Uther Pendragon, was disguised by Merlin's sorcery to look like Gorlois, Duke of Cornwall, the husband of Igraine, Arthur's mother.

Gorlois

Duke Gorlois of CornwallDuke of Cornwall
Geoffrey told the story that Arthur's father, King Uther Pendragon, was disguised by Merlin's sorcery to look like Gorlois, Duke of Cornwall, the husband of Igraine, Arthur's mother.

Charles, Prince of Wales

Prince CharlesThe Prince of WalesPrince of Wales
Owned by Charles, Prince of Wales as part of the landholdings of the Duchy of Cornwall, the site is managed by English Heritage.

Duchy of Cornwall

DuchyCornwallCornwall (territorial duchy)
Owned by Charles, Prince of Wales as part of the landholdings of the Duchy of Cornwall, the site is managed by English Heritage.