A report on Tobacco control

The medical students in Jakarta demonstrate against tobacco a day before World No Tobacco Day, at Bundaran Hotel Indonesia, Central Jakarta, Indonesia, May 30, 2010.
Tobacco control activists in Mumbai, 2009
One of the clear "No Smoking" signs painted on the pavement leading to a small community park in Taipei, Taiwan.

Field of international public health science, policy and practice dedicated to addressing tobacco use and thereby reducing the morbidity and mortality it causes.

- Tobacco control
The medical students in Jakarta demonstrate against tobacco a day before World No Tobacco Day, at Bundaran Hotel Indonesia, Central Jakarta, Indonesia, May 30, 2010.

11 related topics with Alpha

Overall

A first-generation e-cigarette that resembles a tobacco cigarette. The battery portion of the e-cigarette can be disconnected and recharged using the USB power charger.

Electronic cigarette

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Electronic device that simulates tobacco smoking.

Electronic device that simulates tobacco smoking.

A first-generation e-cigarette that resembles a tobacco cigarette. The battery portion of the e-cigarette can be disconnected and recharged using the USB power charger.
Various types of e-cigarettes, including a disposable e-cigarette, a rechargeable e-cigarette, a medium-size tank device, large-size tank devices, an e-cigar, and an e-pipe.
Exploded view of an e-cigarette with transparent clearomizer and changeable dual-coil head. This model allows for a wide range of settings.
Estimated trends in the global number of vapers
Reasons for initiating e-cigarette use in the European Union according to a Eurobarometer poll (2018).
Effects of vaping, compared to tobacco smoking.
Possible side effects of nicotine
The reinforcing effects of addictive drugs, such as nicotine, are associated with its ability to excite the mesolimbic and dopaminergic systems. How does the nicotine in e-cigarettes affect the brain? Until about age 25, the brain is still growing. Each time a new memory is created or a new skill is learned, stronger connections – or synapses – are built between brain cells. Young people's brains build synapses faster than adult brains. Because addiction is a form of learning, adolescents can get addicted more easily than adults. The nicotine in e-cigarettes and other tobacco products can also prime the adolescent brain for addiction to other drugs such as cocaine.
The Ruyan e-cigar was first launched in China in 2004.
E-cigarette user blowing a cloud of aerosol (vapor). The activity is known as cloud-chasing.
From 2011 to 2014, e-cigarette use among youth was rising as e-cigarette advertising increased.
Tobacco product waste.
Philip Morris International's IQOS device with charger and tobacco stick.

Tobacco harm reduction has been a controversial area of tobacco control.

A woman smoking a cigarette, the most common method of tobacco smoking

Tobacco smoking

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Practice of burning tobacco and ingesting the smoke that is produced.

Practice of burning tobacco and ingesting the smoke that is produced.

A woman smoking a cigarette, the most common method of tobacco smoking
Aztec women are handed flowers and smoking tubes before eating at a banquet, Florentine Codex, 16th century.
Gentlemen Smoking and Playing Backgammon in an Interior by Dirck Hals, 1627
Bonsack's cigarette rolling machine, as shown on U.S. patent 238,640
A lengthy study conducted in order to establish the strong association necessary for legislative action (US cigarette consumption per person blue, male lung cancer rate brown)
Tendu Patta (Leaf) collection for Beedi industries
A graph that shows the efficiency of smoking as a way to absorb nicotine compared to other forms of intake.
Sigmund Freud, whose doctor assisted his suicide because of oral cancer caused by smoking
Common adverse effects of tobacco smoking. The more common effects are in bold face.
Skull with a burning cigarette, by Vincent van Gogh.
An enclosed smoking area in a Japanese train station. Notice the air vent on the roof.

German scientists identified a link between smoking and lung cancer in the late 1920s, leading to the first anti-smoking campaign in modern history, albeit one truncated by the collapse of Nazi Germany at the end of World War II.

Anti-smoking ad, 1905

Tobacco industry

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The tobacco industry comprises those persons and companies who are engaged in the growth, preparation for sale, shipment, advertisement, and distribution of tobacco and tobacco-related products.

The tobacco industry comprises those persons and companies who are engaged in the growth, preparation for sale, shipment, advertisement, and distribution of tobacco and tobacco-related products.

Anti-smoking ad, 1905
1949 advertisement for Camel cigarettes
Jeffrey Wigand, the former research chief at America's third-largest tobacco company, exposed safety problems related to the tobacco industry.
Map of tobacco production across the world
Strengberg's old, now closed tobacco factory in Jakobstad, Finland

This evidence-based treaty expects its 181 ratified member states to implement public health policies with respect to tobacco control "to protect present and future generations from the devastating health, social, environmental and economic consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke."

Tobacco Control (journal)

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Tobacco Control is an international peer-reviewed journal covering the nature and consequences of tobacco use worldwide; tobacco's effects on population health, the economy, the environment, and society; efforts to prevent and control the global tobacco epidemic through population-level education and policy changes; the ethical dimensions of tobacco control policies; and the activities of the tobacco industry and its allies.

Action on Smoking and Health

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Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) is the name of a number of autonomous pressure groups (charities) in the anglosphere that seek to publicize the risks associated with tobacco smoking and campaign for greater restrictions on use and on cigarette and tobacco sales.

Prevalence of daily smoking in 2012

Prevalence of tobacco use

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Reported by the World Health Organization , which focuses on cigarette smoking due to reported data limitations.

Reported by the World Health Organization , which focuses on cigarette smoking due to reported data limitations.

Prevalence of daily smoking in 2012
The share adults who smoke any tobacco product on a daily or non-daily basis in 2016.
Share of men versus women who smoke in 2016.
Consumption per smoker per day in 2012.
Percentages of smoking adult population in Finland, Norway, USA, Japan and the Netherlands in 2011
Swedish citizens, 16 years or older, that consumed snus or smoking tobacco on a daily basis in 2011.

Smoking prevalence has changed little since the mid-1990s, before which time it declined in English-speaking countries due to the implementation of tobacco control.

Ruth Malone

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Ruth E. Malone is an American tobacco control researcher and policy analyst.

WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

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Treaty adopted by the 56th World Health Assembly held in Geneva, Switzerland on 21 May 2003.

Treaty adopted by the 56th World Health Assembly held in Geneva, Switzerland on 21 May 2003.

Worldwide tobacco control set a precedent for EU Commission participation and negotiation in multilateral treaties, and further defined the powers and capabilities of the EU as a supranational entity.

Nicotine

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Naturally produced alkaloid in the nightshade family of plants and is widely used recreationally as a stimulant and anxiolytic.

Naturally produced alkaloid in the nightshade family of plants and is widely used recreationally as a stimulant and anxiolytic.

A 21 mg patch applied to the left arm. The Cochrane Collaboration finds that nicotine replacement therapy increases a quitter's chance of success by 50–60%, regardless of setting.
Possible side effects of nicotine.
Effect of nicotine on dopaminergic neurons.
Effect of nicotine on chromaffin cells
Urinary metabolites of nicotine, quantified as average percentage of total urinary nicotine.
Structure of protonated nicotine (left) and structure of the counterion benzoate (right). This combination is used in some vaping products to increase nicotine delivery to the lung.
Nicotine biosynthesis
Cigarette ad featuring baseball player Joe Dimaggio in 1941

In some anti-smoking literature, the harm that tobacco smoking and nicotine addiction does is personified as Nick O'Teen, represented as a humanoid with some aspect of a cigarette or cigarette butt about him or his clothes and hat.

A Nazi-era anti-smoking ad titled "The chain-smoker" reading: "He does not devour it, it devours him" (from the anti-tobacco publication ''Reine
Luft'', 1941;23:90)

Anti-tobacco movement in Nazi Germany

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A Nazi-era anti-smoking ad titled "The chain-smoker" reading: "He does not devour it, it devours him" (from the anti-tobacco publication ''Reine
Luft'', 1941;23:90)
An 1898 cartoon of a train in Bavaria. Woman: Smoking isn't allowed in this compartment, it clearly says "For non-smokers" outside! Smoker: But we aren't smoking outside, we're smoking inside!
Hitler encouraged his close associates to quit smoking.
Reine Luft, the main journal of the anti-tobacco movement, used puns and cartoons in its propaganda, such as stating that smoking was a thing of the devil (a "").
A Wehrmacht soldier smokes in a trench in Romania, 1944.
The Nazi Sturmabteilung was funded by royalties from its own cigarette company, with which it is strongly associated in this ad.
At the end of WWII, a Dutch child celebrates liberation by smoking a cigarette

In the early 20th century, German researchers found evidence linking smoking to harming health, which strengthened the anti-tobacco movement in the Weimar Republic and led to a state-supported anti-smoking campaign.