Tobacco smoking

smokingcigarette smokingsmokertobaccotobacco taxsmoketobacco usesmokerscigarette taxsmoking tobacco
Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).wikipedia
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Tobacco

snufftobacco leavestobacco dryers
Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).
Dried tobacco leaves are mainly used for smoking in cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and flavored shisha tobacco.

Smoking

smokersmokesmokers
Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).
Diseases related to tobacco smoking have been shown to kill approximately half of long-term smokers when compared to average mortality rates faced by non-smokers.

Lung cancer

lungbronchogenic carcinomalungs
German scientists identified a link between smoking and lung cancer in the late 1920s, leading to the first anti-smoking campaign in modern history, albeit one truncated by the collapse of Nazi Germany at the end of World War II. In 1950, Richard Doll published research in the British Medical Journal showing a close link between smoking and lung cancer. Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
The vast majority (85%) of cases of lung cancer are due to long-term tobacco smoking.

Richard Doll

Sir Richard DollDoll, Sir RichardDr. Richard Doll
In 1950, Richard Doll published research in the British Medical Journal showing a close link between smoking and lung cancer.
He was a pioneer in research linking smoking to health problems.

A Counterblaste to Tobacco

against smokinganti-smoking book of the same name
James VI and I, King of Scotland and England, produced the treatise A Counterblaste to Tobacco in 1604, and also introduced excise duty on the product.
A Counterblaste to Tobacco is a treatise written by King James VI of Scotland and I of England in 1604, in which he expresses his distaste for tobacco, particularly tobacco smoking.

British Doctors Study

British Doctors' StudyEpidemiology of smokingpublished a major study
In 1954, the British Doctors Study, a prospective study of some 40 thousand doctors for about 2.5 years, confirmed the suggestion, based on which the government issued advice that smoking and lung cancer rates were related.
The British Doctors' Study was a prospective cohort study which ran from 1951 to 2001, and in 1956 provided convincing statistical proof that tobacco smoking increased the risk of lung cancer.

Third-hand smoke

Passive smoking: Passive smoking is the usually involuntary consumption of smoked tobacco. Second-hand smoke (SHS) is the consumption where the burning end is present, environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) or third-hand smoke is the consumption of the smoke that remains after the burning end has been extinguished. Because of its negative implications, this form of consumption has played a central role in the regulation of tobacco products.
Third-hand smoke is contamination by tobacco smoke that lingers following the extinguishing of a cigarette, cigar, or other combustible tobacco product.

Vaporizer (inhalation device)

vaporizervaporizersvaporized
Vaporizer: A vaporizer is a device used to sublimate the active ingredients of plant material. Rather than burning the herb, which produces potentially irritating, toxic, or carcinogenic by-products; a vaporizer heats the material in a partial vacuum so that the active compounds contained in the plant boil off into a vapor. This method is often preferable when medically administrating the smoke substance, as opposed to directly pyrolyzing the plant material.
An electronic cigarette is a battery-powered vaporizer which simulates the feeling of smoking, but without burning tobacco.

Cancer

cancersmalignanciescancerous
Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
Tobacco use is the cause of about 22% of cancer deaths.

Myocardial infarction

heart attackheart attacksacute myocardial infarction
Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
Risk factors include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol, poor diet, and excessive alcohol intake, among others.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

emphysemaCOPDchronic bronchitis
Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
Tobacco smoking is the most common cause of COPD, with factors such as air pollution and genetics playing a smaller role.

Philip Morris International

Philip MorrisPhillip MorrisPeter Stuyvesant
By contrast, some non-scientific studies, including one conducted by Philip Morris in the Czech Republic called Public Finance Balance of Smoking in the Czech Republic and another by the Cato Institute, support the opposite position.
With tobacco being addictive and the single greatest cause of preventable death globally, the company is highly controversial.

Stroke

strokesischemic strokecerebrovascular accident
Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
Other risk factors include tobacco smoking, obesity, high blood cholesterol, diabetes mellitus, a previous TIA, and atrial fibrillation.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

fibrosing alveolitisIPFcryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis
Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
Risk factors include cigarette smoking, certain viral infections, and a family history of the condition.

Pancreatic cancer

pancreaticpancreaspancreatic carcinoma
Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
Pancreatic cancer rarely occurs before the age of 40, and more than half of cases of pancreatic adenocarcinoma occur in those over 70. Risk factors for pancreatic cancer include tobacco smoking, obesity, diabetes, and certain rare genetic conditions.

Cigarette

cigarettessmokingfag
The practice encountered criticism from its first import into the Western world onwards but embedded itself in certain strata of a number of societies before becoming widespread upon the introduction of automated cigarette-rolling apparatus.
Electronic cigarettes are battery-powered vaporizers that simulate the feeling of smoking, but without tobacco.

Esophageal cancer

throat canceroesophageal canceresophageal
Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
Squamous-cell carcinoma is linked to lifestyle factors such as smoking and alcohol.

Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act

banban on cigarette commercialsbanned from television
In April 1970, the US Congress passed the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act banning the advertising of cigarettes on television and radio starting on 2 January 1971.
The Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act is a 1970 federal law in the United States designed to limit the practice of smoking.

Crohn's disease

Crohn’s diseasechronCrohn
Cigarette smoking increases the risk of Crohn's disease as well as the severity of the course of the disease.
Smoking increases the risk of the return of active disease (flares).

National Non-Smoking Week

Canada's National Non-Smoking WeekWeedless Wednesday
Social campaigns have been instituted in many places to discourage smoking, such as Canada's National Non-Smoking Week.
*Tobacco smoking

Tobacco control

anti-smokinganti-tobaccoanti-smoking campaign
German scientists identified a link between smoking and lung cancer in the late 1920s, leading to the first anti-smoking campaign in modern history, albeit one truncated by the collapse of Nazi Germany at the end of World War II.
Tobacco control is a field of international public health science, policy and practice dedicated to addressing tobacco use and thereby reducing the morbidity and mortality it causes.

Nicotine marketing

tobacco advertisingcigarette advertisingtobacco sponsorship
Tobacco advertising
Traditionally, the tobacco industry markets cigarette smoking, but it is increasingly marketing other products, such as e-cigarettes.

Cigarette smoking for weight loss

Cigarette smoking for weight loss
Tobacco smoking was associated with appetite suppression among Pre-Columbian indigenous Americans and Old World Europeans.

Roll-your-own cigarette

roll-your-ownhand-rolled cigarettesroll their own
Roll-your-own: Roll-your-own or hand-rolled cigarettes, often called "rollies", "cigi" or "Roll-ups", are very popular particularly in European countries and the UK. These are prepared from loose tobacco, cigarette papers, and filters all bought separately. They are usually much cheaper than ready-made cigarettes and small contraptions can be bought making the process easier.
Tobacco smoking

Electronic cigarette

e-cigarettee-cigarettesvaping
Electronic cigarette
The aerosol provides a flavor and feel similar to tobacco smoking.