Tobacco smoking

smokingcigarette smokingsmokertobaccotobacco usesmoketobacco taxsmokerscigarette taxsmoking tobacco
Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).wikipedia
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Tobacco

tobacco leavessnufftobacco leaf
Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).
Dried tobacco leaves are mainly used for smoking in cigarettes, cigars, pipes, shishas as well as e-cigarettes (both rechargeable and disposable), e-cigars, e-pipes and vaporizers.

Smoking

smokerssmokersmoke
Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).
Diseases related to tobacco smoking have been shown to kill approximately half of long-term smokers when compared to average mortality rates faced by non-smokers.

Lung cancer

lungbronchogenic carcinomalungs
German scientists identified a link between smoking and lung cancer in the late 1920s, leading to the first anti-smoking campaign in modern history, albeit one truncated by the collapse of Nazi Germany at the end of World War II. In 1950, Richard Doll published research in the British Medical Journal showing a close link between smoking and lung cancer. Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
The vast majority (85%) of cases of lung cancer are due to long-term tobacco smoking.

Richard Doll

Sir Richard DollWilliam Richard Shaboe DollW. Richard S. Doll
In 1950, Richard Doll published research in the British Medical Journal showing a close link between smoking and lung cancer.
He was a pioneer in research linking smoking to health problems.

A Counterblaste to Tobacco

against smokinganti-smoking book of the same name
James VI and I, King of Scotland and England, produced the treatise A Counterblaste to Tobacco in 1604, and also introduced excise duty on the product.
A Counterblaste to Tobacco is a treatise written by King James VI of Scotland and I of England in 1604, in which he expresses his distaste for tobacco, particularly tobacco smoking.

British Doctors Study

British Doctors' StudyEpidemiology of smokingpublished a major study
In 1954, the British Doctors Study, a prospective study of some 40 thousand doctors for about 2.5 years, confirmed the suggestion, based on which the government issued advice that smoking and lung cancer rates were related.
The British Doctors' Study was a prospective cohort study which ran from 1951 to 2001, and in 1956 provided convincing statistical proof that tobacco smoking increased the risk of lung cancer.

Third-hand smoke

Third-hand smoke is contamination by tobacco smoke that lingers following the extinguishing of a cigarette, cigar, or other combustible tobacco product.

Vaporizer (inhalation device)

vaporizervaporizersvaporized
An electronic cigarette is a handheld battery-powered vaporizer that simulates smoking by providing some of the behavioral aspects of smoking, including the hand-to-mouth action of smoking, but without combusting tobacco.

Cancer

cancersmalignanciescancerous
Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
Tobacco use is the cause of about 22% of cancer deaths.

Myocardial infarction

heart attackheart attacksacute myocardial infarction
Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
Risk factors include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol, poor diet and excessive alcohol intake, among others.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

emphysemaCOPDpulmonary emphysema
Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
Tobacco smoking is the most common cause of COPD, with factors such as air pollution and genetics playing a smaller role.

Stroke

ischemic strokestrokescerebrovascular accident
Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
Other risk factors include tobacco smoking, obesity, high blood cholesterol, diabetes mellitus, a previous TIA, and atrial fibrillation.

Philip Morris International

Philip MorrisPhillip MorrisPhillip Morris International
By contrast, some non-scientific studies, including one conducted by Philip Morris in the Czech Republic called Public Finance Balance of Smoking in the Czech Republic and another by the Cato Institute, support the opposite position.
With tobacco being addictive and the single greatest cause of preventable death globally, the company is highly controversial, not least because of its history of obfuscating scientific evidence around the health impacts of smoking.

Oral cancer

tongue cancermouth cancercancer of the tongue
Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
Risk factors include tobacco and alcohol use.

Cigarette

cigarettessmokingtraditional cigarettes
The practice encountered criticism from its first import into the Western world onwards but embedded itself in certain strata of a number of societies before becoming widespread upon the introduction of automated cigarette-rolling apparatus.
An electronic cigarette is a handheld battery-powered vaporizer that simulates smoking by providing some of the behavioral aspects of smoking, including the hand-to-mouth action of smoking, but without combusting tobacco.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

fibrosing alveolitisinterstitial pulmonary fibrosisIPF
Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
Risk factors include cigarette smoking, certain viral infections, and a family history of the condition.

Pancreatic cancer

pancreaticpancreaspancreatic carcinoma
Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
Risk factors for pancreatic cancer include tobacco smoking, obesity, diabetes, and certain rare genetic conditions.

Esophageal cancer

throat canceroesophageal canceresophageal
Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), emphysema, and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, esophageal cancer and pancreatic cancer).
Squamous-cell carcinoma is linked to lifestyle factors such as smoking and alcohol.

Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act

banban on cigarette commercialsbanned from television
In April 1970, the US Congress passed the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act banning the advertising of cigarettes on television and radio starting on 2 January 1971.
The Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act is a 1970 federal law in the United States designed to limit the practice of smoking.

Electronic cigarette

e-cigarettese-cigarettevaping
An electronic cigarette, also known as e-cigarette among other names, is a handheld battery-powered vaporizer that simulates smoking and provides some of the behavioral aspects of smoking, including the hand-to-mouth action of smoking, but without burning tobacco.

National Non-Smoking Week

Canada's National Non-Smoking WeekWeedless Wednesday
Social campaigns have been instituted in many places to discourage smoking, such as Canada's National Non-Smoking Week.
*Tobacco smoking

Tobacco control

anti-smokinganti-tobaccoanti-smoking campaign
German scientists identified a link between smoking and lung cancer in the late 1920s, leading to the first anti-smoking campaign in modern history, albeit one truncated by the collapse of Nazi Germany at the end of World War II.
Tobacco control is a field of international public health science, policy and practice dedicated to addressing tobacco use and thereby reducing the morbidity and mortality it causes.

Crohn's disease

Crohn’s diseaseCrohn diseaseCrohn
Cigarette smoking increases the risk of Crohn's disease as well as the severity of the course of the disease.
Smoking increases the risk of the return of active disease (flares).

Cigarette smoking for weight loss

Tobacco smoking was associated with appetite suppression among Pre-Columbian indigenous Americans and Old World Europeans.