Togo

TogoleseRepublic of TogoTogolese RepublicTG Togo Administrative divisions of TogoChristianityGovernment of TogoHealth care in Togopolitical instability in 1990
Togo, officially the Togolese Republic (République togolaise), is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.wikipedia
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Ghana

GhanaianRepublic of GhanaGHA
Togo, officially the Togolese Republic (République togolaise), is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
Spanning a land mass of 238535 km2, Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south.

Benin

Republic of BeninBéninDahomey
Togo, officially the Togolese Republic (République togolaise), is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
It is bordered by Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east, and Burkina Faso and Niger to the north.

Burkina Faso

BurkinabéBurkino FasoBurkina
Togo, officially the Togolese Republic (République togolaise), is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
It covers an area of around 274200 km2 and is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north; Niger to the east; Benin to the southeast; Togo and Ghana to the south; and Ivory Coast to the southwest.

West Africa

West AfricanWestWestern Africa
Togo, officially the Togolese Republic (République togolaise), is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 16 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, the Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo, as well as the United Kingdom Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.

Lomé

LomeLome, TogoLomé, Togo
The sovereign state extends south to the Gulf of Guinea, where its capital Lomé is located.
Lomé is the capital and largest city of Togo.

Faure Gnassingbé

Faure GnassingbeFaure Essozimna GnassingbeFaure Essozimna Gnassingbé
In 2005, his son Faure Gnassingbé was elected president. Faure Gnassingbé was reelected in 2010 and 2015.
Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé Eyadéma (born 6 June 1966 ) is a Togolese politician who has been the President of Togo since 2005.

Gnassingbé Eyadéma

Étienne EyadémaEtienne EyademaGnassingbe Eyadema
In 1967, Gnassingbé Eyadéma led a successful military coup d'état after which he became president of an anti-communist, single-party state.
Gnassingbé Eyadéma (born Étienne Eyadéma, 26 December 1935 – 5 February 2005) was the President of Togo from 1967 until his death in 2005.

Togoland

German TogolandGerman Togo1914 invasion of Togoland
In 1884, Germany declared a region including present-day Togo as a protectorate called Togoland.
Togoland was a German Empire protectorate in West Africa from 1884 to 1914, encompassing what is now the nation of Togo and most of what is now the Volta Region of Ghana, approximately 77,355 km 2 (29,867 sq mi) in size.

Gbe languages

GbeGbe languageGbe family
While the official language is French, many other languages are spoken, particularly those of the Gbe family.
The most widely spoken Gbe language is Ewe (3 million speakers in Ghana and Togo), followed by Fon (1.7 million, mainly in Benin).

Ewe language

EweEwéEwe speaking people
The name Togo is translated from the Ewe language as "land where lagoons lie".
Ewe (Èʋe or Èʋegbe ) is a Niger–Congo language spoken in Togo and southeastern Ghana by approximately 4.5 million people as a first language and a million or so more as a second language.

Ewe people

EweEwesEwé
During the period from the 11th century to the 16th century, various tribes entered the region from all directions: the Ewé from the west, and the Mina and Gun from the east.
The largest population of Ewe people is in Ghana with (3.3m) people, and the second largest population in Togo with (2m) people.

Togoville

Togoville
In 1884, a paper was signed at Togoville with the King Mlapa III, whereby Germany claimed a protectorate over a stretch of territory along the coast and gradually extended its control inland.
Togoville is a town and canton in southern Togo.

Sylvanus Olympio

Sylvanus
In the first presidential elections in 1961, Sylvanus Olympio became the first president, gaining 100% of the vote in elections boycotted by the opposition.
Sylvanus Epiphanio Olympio (6 September 1902 – 13 January 1963) was a Togolese politician who served as Prime Minister, and then President, of Togo from 1958 until his assassination in 1963.

Nicolas Grunitzky

The military handed over power to an interim government led by Nicolas Grunitzky.
Nicolas Grunitzky (April 5, 1913 – September 27, 1969) was the second president of Togo and its third head of state.

History of slavery

slave tradeslave traderslave trading
The slave trade began in the 16th century, and for the next two hundred years the coastal region was a major trading centre for Europeans in search of slaves, earning Togo and the surrounding region the name "The Slave Coast".
In parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin, shrine slavery persists, despite being illegal in Ghana since 1998.

Gen language

GenMinaPopo
During the period from the 11th century to the 16th century, various tribes entered the region from all directions: the Ewé from the west, and the Mina and Gun from the east.
Gen (also called Gɛ̃, Gɛn gbe, Gebe, Guin, Mina, Mina-Gen, and Popo) is a Gbe language spoken in the southeast of Togo in the Maritime Region.

Rally of the Togolese People

Rally for the Togolese PeopleRPTRally of the Togolese People Party
He created the Rally of the Togolese People Party, banned activities of other political parties and introduced a one-party system in November 1969.
The Rally of the Togolese People (RTP, Rassemblement du Peuple Togolais, RPT) was the ruling political party in Togo from 1969 to 2012.

French Togoland

Togoformer colonyFrance's rule over Togo
French Togoland became an autonomous republic within the French Union in 1959, while France retained the right to control the defense, foreign relations and finances.
In 1960 it became the independent Togolese Republic, and the present day nation of Togo.

1963 Togolese general election

1963general elections1963 parliamentary elections
In May 1963 Grunitzky was elected President of the Republic.
General elections were held in Togo on 5 May 1963, alongside a constitutional referendum.

2010 Togolese presidential election

2010 presidential election2010March 2010 presidential election
Faure Gnassingbé was reelected in 2010 and 2015.
Presidential elections were held in Togo on 4 March 2010.

1998 Togolese presidential election

June 1998 presidential election19981998 presidential election
In 1993, the EU froze the partnership, describing Eyadema's re-election in 1993, 1998 and 2003, as a seizure of power.
Presidential elections were held in Togo on 21 June 1998.

2003 Togolese presidential election

June 2003 presidential election2003presidential election
In 1993, the EU froze the partnership, describing Eyadema's re-election in 1993, 1998 and 2003, as a seizure of power.
Presidential elections were held in Togo on 1 June 2003.

1961 Togolese general election

1961General elections1961 elections
In the first presidential elections in 1961, Sylvanus Olympio became the first president, gaining 100% of the vote in elections boycotted by the opposition.
General elections were held in Togo on 9 April 1961, alongside a constitutional referendum.

2017–2018 Togolese protests

anti-government protests2017–18 Togolese protestsmarched
In late 2017, anti-government protests erupted in Togo, the biggest since ones after the 2005 election.
The 2017–18 Togolese protests are a significant representation of civil unrest in Togo and against the 50 year rule of the father-son combination of Gnassingbé Eyadéma and Faure Gnassingbé.

2015 Togolese presidential election

2015April 2015 presidential election2015 presidential elections
Faure Gnassingbé was reelected in 2010 and 2015.
Presidential elections were held in Togo on 25 April 2015.