Tohono Oʼodham Nation

Tohono O'odham NationPapago Indian TribeTohono O'odham Nation of ArizonaTohono O’odham NationDesert Diamond CasinoPapago (Tohono O’odham)Tohono O'odham ReservationTohono O'oham sovereign nation
The Tohono Oʼodham Nation is the collective government body of the Tohono Oʼodham tribe in the United States.wikipedia
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Mission San Xavier del Bac

San Xavier del BacSan XavierSan Xavier Mission
In 1874, President of the United States Ulysses S. Grant signed an executive order creating the San Xavier Indian Reservation, surrounding the 18th century Mission San Xavier del Bac.
Mission San Xavier del Bac (La Misión de San Xavier del Bac) is an historic Spanish Catholic mission located about 10 mi south of downtown Tucson, Arizona, on the Tohono O'odham Nation San Xavier Indian Reservation.

San Xavier Indian Reservation

Papago Indian ReservationSan XavierDesert Diamond Casino
In 1874, President of the United States Ulysses S. Grant signed an executive order creating the San Xavier Indian Reservation, surrounding the 18th century Mission San Xavier del Bac.
The San Xavier Indian Reservation (O’odham: Wa:k) is an Indian reservation of the Tohono O’odham Nation located near Tucson, Arizona, in the Sonoran Desert.The San Xavier Reservation lies in the southwestern part of the Tucson metropolitan area and consists of 111.543 sq mi (288.895 km²) of land area, about 2.5 percent of the Tohono O’odham Nation.

Gila Bend Indian Reservation

San Lucy District
In 1882, President Chester A. Arthur signed an executive order creating the Gila Bend Indian Reservation as additional lands for the Tohono Oʼodham people.
Gila Bend Indian Reservation was one of three Tohono O'odham Nations 3 reservations, with this one being the smallest both geographically and demographically, with only 625 people on it.

Gila Bend, Arizona

Gila BendGila RanchGila Bend, Az
Residents were relocated to a 40 acre parcel of land named San Lucy Village, near Gila Bend, Arizona.
Just outside the town is the San Lucy district (O'odham: Weco Cekṣanĭ) of the Tohono O'odham Nation, with a small settlement, San Lucy (O'odham: Si:l Mek) bordering the town itself.

Hia C-eḍ Oʼodham

Hia C-ed O'odhamHia C-eḍ O'odhamHia C-ed Oʼodham
In 2009, The Nation acquired 650 acre of land near Why, Arizona with the intention of eventually creating a new district of the Tohono Oʼodham Nation for the Hia C-eḍ Oʼodham.
They are currently unrecognized at both the state and federal level in the United States and Mexico, although the Tohono Oʼodham Nation has a committee for issues related to them and has land held in trust for them.

Kitt Peak National Observatory

Kitt PeakKitt Peak ObservatoryKitt Peak Obs.
These include the Quinlan and Baboquivari Mountains, which include Kitt Peak, the Kitt Peak National Observatory and telescopes as well as Baboquivari Peak.
The Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) is a United States astronomical observatory located on Kitt Peak of the Quinlan Mountains in the Arizona-Sonoran Desert on the Tohono O'odham Nation, 88 km west-southwest of Tucson, Arizona.

Tohono Oʼodham Indian Reservation

Tohono O'odham Indian ReservationTohono O'odhamPapago Reservation
Nine districts are located on the Tohono Oʼodham Indian Reservation with the Gila Bend and San Xavier reservations, which are separated from the main reserve, making up the other two.
The Tohono Oʼodham Indian Reservation, is an Indian reservation of the Tohono Oʼodham Nation located in Arizona, United States.

Baboquivari Peak Wilderness

Baboquivari MountainsBaboquivari PeakBaboquivari
These include the Quinlan and Baboquivari Mountains, which include Kitt Peak, the Kitt Peak National Observatory and telescopes as well as Baboquivari Peak.
Today, the 2900000 acre Tohono O'odham Nation (second largest in the United States) lies to the west.

Tohono Oʼodham

Tohono O'odhamPapagoO'odham
The Tohono Oʼodham Nation is the collective government body of the Tohono Oʼodham tribe in the United States.
The federally recognized tribe is known as the Tohono O'odham Nation.

Pima County, Arizona

Pima CountyPimaTucson metropolitan area
Pima County contains parts of the Tohono O'odham Nation, as well as all of the San Xavier Indian Reservation, the Pascua Yaqui Indian Reservation, Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Ironwood Forest National Monument and Saguaro National Park.

Pinal County, Arizona

Pinal CountyPinalPina
Pinal County contains parts of the Tohono Oʼodham Nation, the Gila River Indian Community and the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, as well as the entirety of the Ak-Chin Indian Community.

Oʼodham language

O'odhamO'odham languageTohono O'odham
The Tohono Oʼodham Nation speaks a common language, Oʼodham, which is the 10th most-spoken indigenous language in the United States.
The Alvarez–Hale orthography is officially used by the Tohono Oʼodham Nation and the Salt River Pima–Maricopa Indian Community, and is used in this article, but the Saxton orthography is also common and is official in the Gila River Indian Community.

Tribe (Native American)

tribeNative American tribesNative American tribe
The Tohono Oʼodham Nation is the collective government body of the Tohono Oʼodham tribe in the United States.

Sonoran Desert

SonoranSonora DesertArizona desert
These lands are located within the Sonoran Desert of south central Arizona and are directly exposed to the Mexico–United States border for 74 mi along its southern border.

Arizona

AZState of ArizonaArizona, U.S.
These lands are located within the Sonoran Desert of south central Arizona and are directly exposed to the Mexico–United States border for 74 mi along its southern border.

Mexico–United States border

U.S.-Mexico borderMexican borderUnited States–Mexico border
These lands are located within the Sonoran Desert of south central Arizona and are directly exposed to the Mexico–United States border for 74 mi along its southern border.

Separation of powers

checks and balancesbranches of governmentdivision of powers
The Nation is organized into 11 local districts and employs a tripartite system of government.

President of the United States

PresidentU.S. PresidentUnited States President
In 1874, President of the United States Ulysses S. Grant signed an executive order creating the San Xavier Indian Reservation, surrounding the 18th century Mission San Xavier del Bac.

Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses GrantGrantPresident Grant
In 1874, President of the United States Ulysses S. Grant signed an executive order creating the San Xavier Indian Reservation, surrounding the 18th century Mission San Xavier del Bac.

Executive order

executive ordersExecutive order (United States)Presidential Executive Order
In 1874, President of the United States Ulysses S. Grant signed an executive order creating the San Xavier Indian Reservation, surrounding the 18th century Mission San Xavier del Bac.

Chester A. Arthur

Chester ArthurArthurChester Alan Arthur
In 1882, President Chester A. Arthur signed an executive order creating the Gila Bend Indian Reservation as additional lands for the Tohono Oʼodham people.

Painted Rock Dam

Painted Rock ReservoirReservoirPainted Rock Reservoir, Arizona
In 1960, the Army Corps of Engineers completed construction of the Painted Rock Dam on the Gila River.

Gila River

GilaGila ValleyGila Basin
In 1960, the Army Corps of Engineers completed construction of the Painted Rock Dam on the Gila River.

Glendale, Arizona

GlendaleGlendale, AZCity of Glendale
In 2009, the tribe announced that it had purchased approximately 135 acre near Glendale, Arizona.