Tongmenghui

Revolutionary AllianceChinese Revolutionary AlliancerevolutionariesChinese United LeagueTong Meng HuiTongmeng Huialliancean underground movementChina Revolutionary AllianceChinese republican movement
The Tongmenghui (or T'ung-meng Hui, variously translated as Chinese United League, United League, Chinese Revolutionary Alliance, Chinese Alliance, United Allegiance Society, 中國同盟會) was a secret society and underground resistance movement founded by Sun Yat-sen, Song Jiaoren, and others in Tokyo, Japan, on 20 August 1905.wikipedia
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Resistance movement

freedom fighterresistanceresistance fighter
The Tongmenghui (or T'ung-meng Hui, variously translated as Chinese United League, United League, Chinese Revolutionary Alliance, Chinese Alliance, United Allegiance Society, 中國同盟會) was a secret society and underground resistance movement founded by Sun Yat-sen, Song Jiaoren, and others in Tokyo, Japan, on 20 August 1905.

Tokyo

Tokyo, JapanTokyo MetropolisTōkyō
The Tongmenghui (or T'ung-meng Hui, variously translated as Chinese United League, United League, Chinese Revolutionary Alliance, Chinese Alliance, United Allegiance Society, 中國同盟會) was a secret society and underground resistance movement founded by Sun Yat-sen, Song Jiaoren, and others in Tokyo, Japan, on 20 August 1905.

Japan

JPNJapaneseJP
The Tongmenghui (or T'ung-meng Hui, variously translated as Chinese United League, United League, Chinese Revolutionary Alliance, Chinese Alliance, United Allegiance Society, 中國同盟會) was a secret society and underground resistance movement founded by Sun Yat-sen, Song Jiaoren, and others in Tokyo, Japan, on 20 August 1905.

Qing dynasty

QingQing EmpireChina
It was formed from the merger of multiple Chinese revolutionary groups in the late Qing dynasty.

Tao Chengzhang

Among the Tongmenghui's members were Huang Xing, Li Zongren, Zhang Binglin, Chen Tianhua, Wang Jingwei, Hu Hanmin, Tao Chengzhang, Cai Yuanpei, Li Shizeng, Zhang Renjie, and Qiu Jin.

Li Shizeng

Li YuyingLi Yu Ying
Among the Tongmenghui's members were Huang Xing, Li Zongren, Zhang Binglin, Chen Tianhua, Wang Jingwei, Hu Hanmin, Tao Chengzhang, Cai Yuanpei, Li Shizeng, Zhang Renjie, and Qiu Jin.
On his return to Paris in 1907, Zhang led Li and Wu to join Sun's Tongmenghui (Chinese Revolutionary Alliance).

Singapore

Republic of SingaporeSingapore CitySingaporean
In 1906, a branch of the Tongmenghui was formed in Singapore, following Sun's visit there; this was called the Nanyang branch and served as headquarters of the organization for Southeast Asia.

Nanyang (region)

NanyangSouth SeasChinese diaspora in Southeast Asia
In 1906, a branch of the Tongmenghui was formed in Singapore, following Sun's visit there; this was called the Nanyang branch and served as headquarters of the organization for Southeast Asia.

Southeast Asia

South East AsiaSouth-East AsiaSoutheast Asian
In 1906, a branch of the Tongmenghui was formed in Singapore, following Sun's visit there; this was called the Nanyang branch and served as headquarters of the organization for Southeast Asia.

Penang

Pulau PinangPenang, MalaysiaState of Penang
In 1909, the headquarters of the Nanyang Tongmenghui was transferred to Penang.

Henan

Henan ProvinceHenan, ChinaHonan
In Henan, some Chinese Muslims were members of the Tongmenghui.

Hui people

HuiChinese MuslimHui Muslim
In Henan, some Chinese Muslims were members of the Tongmenghui.

Shanghai

Shanghai, ChinaSHAShanghai Municipality
After Shanghai was occupied by the revolutionaries in November 1911, the Tongmenghui moved its headquarters to Shanghai. At that time, the Tongmenghui was the largest party in China, with branches in Guangdong, Szechuan, Wuhan, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Anqing, Fuzhou and Tianjin.

Provisional Government of the Republic of China (1912)

Provisional Government of the Republic of ChinaProvisional GovernmentNanjing Provisional Government
After the Nanjing Provisional Government was established, the headquarters was moved to Nanjing.

Republic of China (1912–1949)

Republic of ChinaChinaChinese
After the establishment of the Republic of China, the Tongmenghui transformed itself into a political party on 3 March 1912, in preparation for participation in constitutional and parliamentary activities.

Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China

Provisional Constitutionprovisional constitution of 1912
It issued a Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China, which consisted of 34 articles, meaning it had 10 more than the constitutional proposal made when the Tongmenghui was a secret society.

Beijing

Beijing, ChinaPekingPeking, China
In May 1912, the Tongmenghui moved its headquarters to Beijing.

Guangdong

Guangdong ProvinceCantonKwangtung
At that time, the Tongmenghui was the largest party in China, with branches in Guangdong, Szechuan, Wuhan, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Anqing, Fuzhou and Tianjin.

Sichuan

Sichuan ProvinceSzechuanSzechwan
At that time, the Tongmenghui was the largest party in China, with branches in Guangdong, Szechuan, Wuhan, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Anqing, Fuzhou and Tianjin.

Wuhan

Wuhan, ChinaWuhan, HubeiWuchang Shipyard
At that time, the Tongmenghui was the largest party in China, with branches in Guangdong, Szechuan, Wuhan, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Anqing, Fuzhou and Tianjin.

Hangzhou

Hangzhou, ChinaHangchowLin'an
At that time, the Tongmenghui was the largest party in China, with branches in Guangdong, Szechuan, Wuhan, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Anqing, Fuzhou and Tianjin.

Suzhou

Suzhou, ChinaSuzhou, JiangsuSoochow
At that time, the Tongmenghui was the largest party in China, with branches in Guangdong, Szechuan, Wuhan, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Anqing, Fuzhou and Tianjin.

Anqing

AnkingAnqing CityAnqing, AH
At that time, the Tongmenghui was the largest party in China, with branches in Guangdong, Szechuan, Wuhan, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Anqing, Fuzhou and Tianjin.

Fuzhou

FoochowFuzhou, ChinaFuzhou, Fujian
At that time, the Tongmenghui was the largest party in China, with branches in Guangdong, Szechuan, Wuhan, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Anqing, Fuzhou and Tianjin.

Tianjin

TientsinTianjin, ChinaTientsin, China
At that time, the Tongmenghui was the largest party in China, with branches in Guangdong, Szechuan, Wuhan, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Anqing, Fuzhou and Tianjin.