Tophane Agreement

Tophane
The Tophane Agreement was a treaty between the Principality of Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire signed on 5 April 1886 during an ambassadorial conference in Istanbul.wikipedia
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Principality of Bulgaria

BulgariaBulgarian PrincipalityBulgarian
The Tophane Agreement was a treaty between the Principality of Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire signed on 5 April 1886 during an ambassadorial conference in Istanbul.
In 1885, a bloodless revolution resulted in Eastern Rumelia being de facto annexed by Bulgaria, which the Ottoman Empire accepted with the Tophane Agreement.

Eastern Rumelia

East RumeliaEastern Roumelia(Eastern) Rumelia
Signed by the Ottoman Grand Vizier Mehmed Kamil Pasha and the Bulgarian foreign minister Iliya Tsanov, as well the ambassadors of the Great Powers, the agreement recognized the Prince of Bulgaria (Alexander of Battenberg at the time) as Governor-General of the autonomous Ottoman Province Eastern Rumelia.
After the Bulgarian victory in the subsequent Serbo-Bulgarian War, the status quo was recognized by the Porte with the Tophane Agreement on 24 March 1886.

Bulgarian unification

Unification of Bulgariaunificationunited
In this way, the de facto Unification of Bulgaria which had taken place on 18 September 1885, was de jure recognized.
On 5 April 1886 the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria signed the Tophane Agreement, which recognized the Prince of Bulgaria as Governor-General of the autonomous Ottoman Province Eastern Rumelia.

Ottoman Empire

OttomanOttomansTurks
The Tophane Agreement was a treaty between the Principality of Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire signed on 5 April 1886 during an ambassadorial conference in Istanbul.

Istanbul

İstanbulConstantinopleIstanbul, Turkey
The Tophane Agreement was a treaty between the Principality of Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire signed on 5 April 1886 during an ambassadorial conference in Istanbul.

Beyoğlu

PeraBeyogluBeyoğlu (Istanbul)
The agreement was named after the Istanbul neighborhood Tophane, located in Beyoğlu district, where the treaty was signed.

Kâmil Pasha

Kıbrıslı Mehmed Kamil PashaKamil PashaMehmed Kamil Pasha
Signed by the Ottoman Grand Vizier Mehmed Kamil Pasha and the Bulgarian foreign minister Iliya Tsanov, as well the ambassadors of the Great Powers, the agreement recognized the Prince of Bulgaria (Alexander of Battenberg at the time) as Governor-General of the autonomous Ottoman Province Eastern Rumelia.

Alexander of Battenberg

Alexander IAlexanderPrince Alexander of Battenberg
Signed by the Ottoman Grand Vizier Mehmed Kamil Pasha and the Bulgarian foreign minister Iliya Tsanov, as well the ambassadors of the Great Powers, the agreement recognized the Prince of Bulgaria (Alexander of Battenberg at the time) as Governor-General of the autonomous Ottoman Province Eastern Rumelia.

Governor-general

Governor Generalgovernors-generalgovernors general
Signed by the Ottoman Grand Vizier Mehmed Kamil Pasha and the Bulgarian foreign minister Iliya Tsanov, as well the ambassadors of the Great Powers, the agreement recognized the Prince of Bulgaria (Alexander of Battenberg at the time) as Governor-General of the autonomous Ottoman Province Eastern Rumelia.

Kardzhali

KırcaaliKurdzhaliKardjali
As compensation, the Ottoman Empire received the area around Kardzhali, as well as the Republic of Tamrash, for a total area of 1,640 km².

Republic of Tamrash

Pomak RepublicTamrashTamrash Republic
As compensation, the Ottoman Empire received the area around Kardzhali, as well as the Republic of Tamrash, for a total area of 1,640 km².

First Balkan War

FirstBalkan WarsBalkan War
Bulgaria later regained the lands lost in this treaty following victory in the First Balkan War (1912–13).

Bulgarian Crisis (1885–88)

Bulgarian Crisis1885 Bulgarian Crisis
The Great Powers and the Porte finally accepted the Unification of Bulgaria through the Tophane Agreement in 1886.