Tosks

ToskTosk AlbanianToskëriaTosk AlbanianstheyToskeriToskeria
The Tosks (Toskët) are one of two major ethnic subgroups of Albanians (the other being the Ghegs) differentiated by their cultural, linguistic, social and religious characteristics.wikipedia
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Ghegs

GhegGegëniaGegs
The Tosks (Toskët) are one of two major ethnic subgroups of Albanians (the other being the Ghegs) differentiated by their cultural, linguistic, social and religious characteristics.
The Ghegs (also spelled Gegs; Gegët) are one of two major ethnic subgroups of Albanians (the other being the Tosks) differentiated by their cultural, linguistic, social and religious characteristics.

Albanians

AlbanianAlbanian peopleethnic Albanian
The Tosks (Toskët) are one of two major ethnic subgroups of Albanians (the other being the Ghegs) differentiated by their cultural, linguistic, social and religious characteristics. Tosk may refer to the Tosk-speaking Albanian population of southern Albania and internal subgroups include the Myzeqars of Myzeqe.
The Shkumbin more southerly splits the Albanians into the Ghegs and Tosks nevertheless both groups identify with a shared ethnic culture, history and traditions.

Arbëreshë people

ArbëreshëArbëreshArbereshe
The Arvanites of Greece and Arbëreshë of Italy are, mainly, descendants of Tosk-speaking settlers, as are the original inhabitants of the village of Mandritsa in Bulgaria.
They are the descendants of mostly Tosk Albanian refugees, who fled from Albania between the fourteenth and eighteenth centuries in consequence of the Ottoman invasion of the Balkans.

Grand vizier

Grand Vizier of the Ottoman EmpireGrand ViziersOttoman Grand Vizier
During the Ottoman period, of the thirty Grand Viziers of Albanian ethnicity to serve the empire, most of them were Tosks such as Mehmed Ferid Pasha (1851-1914) of the Vlora family.
Thirty grand viziers of Albanian ethnicity served the empire during the Ottoman period and most of them were southern Albanians (Tosks).

Enver Hoxha

HoxhaEnver HohxaEnver Halil Hoxha
Before communists (Enver Hoxha and his fellow Tosks, such as Mehmet Shehu and Hysni Kapo) gained control over Albania its political life was dominated by Ghegs.
Hoxha was born in Gjirokastër, a city in southern Albania (then a part of the Ottoman Empire), the son of Halil Hoxha, a Muslim Tosk cloth merchant who travelled widely across Europe and the United States, and Gjylihan (Gjylo) Hoxha née Çuçi.

Ismail Qemali

Ismail Qemal bey VloraIsmail Bey VloraIsmail Qemal Vlora
Born and raised in Vlorë into a wealthy Tosk family, Qemali developed an early interest in languages and mastered French, Greek, Italian and Turkish in Ioannina and subsequently studied law in Istanbul.

Sanjak of Elbasan

Elbasan
In the 1880s, Albanians defined the wider region of Toskalık (Toskland) as encompassing the Ottoman administrative units of Ergiri (Gjirokastër), Preveza, Berat and Yanya (Ioannina) sanjaks part of Yanya vilayet (province) with Görice (Korçë), Monastir (Bitola) and Elbasan sanjaks of Monastir vilayet.
Albanians who lived in Elbasan were Tosks and because of that the Sanjak of Elbasan was seen as part of Toskalik, land of Tosks, together with the sanjaks of Ergiri, Preveze, Berat, Yanya, Gorice and Manastir.

Ahmed Niyazi Bey

Ahmet Niyazi beyAhmed NiyaziAhmet Niyazi
Ahmed Niyazi Bey was born to a Tosk Albanian landowning family from Resne in 1873.

Sami Frashëri

SamiSami FrasheriŞemsettin Sami
Nineteenth century Albanian views of the Tosks as expressed by Sami Frashëri was that unity existed with the Ghegs along with few differences of dialect and pronunciation, while in warfare Tosks were better at perseverance and resistance than Ghegs who were skilled in attack.
Declaring "I am an Albanian", his work derided identification of Muslim Albanians with Turks and Orthodox Albanians as Rums while he opposed attempts by Greeks to hellenise them and seeking to incorporate Toskëria at a future date into Greece.

Tosk Albanian

ToskTosk Albanian dialectTosk Albanians
Tosk Albanian (toskë or toskërisht) is the southern dialect group of the Albanian language, spoken by the ethnographic group known as Tosks.

Culture

culturalculturesculturally
The Tosks (Toskët) are one of two major ethnic subgroups of Albanians (the other being the Ghegs) differentiated by their cultural, linguistic, social and religious characteristics.

Language

languageslinguisticlinguistic diversity
The Tosks (Toskët) are one of two major ethnic subgroups of Albanians (the other being the Ghegs) differentiated by their cultural, linguistic, social and religious characteristics.

Society

societiessocialsocietal
The Tosks (Toskët) are one of two major ethnic subgroups of Albanians (the other being the Ghegs) differentiated by their cultural, linguistic, social and religious characteristics.

Religion

religiousreligionsreligious beliefs
The Tosks (Toskët) are one of two major ethnic subgroups of Albanians (the other being the Ghegs) differentiated by their cultural, linguistic, social and religious characteristics.

Myzeqe

Myzeqe PlainMyzeqejaMuzachia
Tosk may refer to the Tosk-speaking Albanian population of southern Albania and internal subgroups include the Myzeqars of Myzeqe.

Labëria

LabLabsLab Albanians
The Labs of Labëria (name version in sing: Lab, pl. Lebër, also dial.

Cham Albanians

Cham AlbanianChamChams
sing.: Lap; Λιάπης, Liapis) and Chams of Çamëria are separate southern Albanian subgroups which at times are also included in the category of Tosks due to ethno-cultural and dialectal similarities.

Arvanites

ArvaniteArvanite GreekAlbanian
The Arvanites of Greece and Arbëreshë of Italy are, mainly, descendants of Tosk-speaking settlers, as are the original inhabitants of the village of Mandritsa in Bulgaria.

Greece

GreekHellenic RepublicGreeks
The Arvanites of Greece and Arbëreshë of Italy are, mainly, descendants of Tosk-speaking settlers, as are the original inhabitants of the village of Mandritsa in Bulgaria.

Italy

ItalianITAItalia
The Arvanites of Greece and Arbëreshë of Italy are, mainly, descendants of Tosk-speaking settlers, as are the original inhabitants of the village of Mandritsa in Bulgaria.

Mandritsa

The Arvanites of Greece and Arbëreshë of Italy are, mainly, descendants of Tosk-speaking settlers, as are the original inhabitants of the village of Mandritsa in Bulgaria.

Bulgaria

BULBulgarianRepublic of Bulgaria
The Arvanites of Greece and Arbëreshë of Italy are, mainly, descendants of Tosk-speaking settlers, as are the original inhabitants of the village of Mandritsa in Bulgaria.

Albania

Republic of AlbaniaAlbanianALB
The Tosks in Albania live indicatively south of the Shkumbin river.

Shkumbin

Shkumbin RiverShkumbiniGenusus
The Tosks in Albania live indicatively south of the Shkumbin river.

Sanjak of Preveza

PrevezeSanjak of PrevezePreveza
In the 1880s, Albanians defined the wider region of Toskalık (Toskland) as encompassing the Ottoman administrative units of Ergiri (Gjirokastër), Preveza, Berat and Yanya (Ioannina) sanjaks part of Yanya vilayet (province) with Görice (Korçë), Monastir (Bitola) and Elbasan sanjaks of Monastir vilayet.