Toulouse

TolosaToulouse, FranceToulousainToulouse-Francazal Toulouse Lalande-ÉgliseMontaudranTolosanTolouseToulose
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.wikipedia
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Haute-Garonne

Département de la Haute-Garonne(Haute-Garonne)31
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.
Its main city and capital is Toulouse.

France

🇫🇷FrenchFRA
It is the fourth-largest city in France, with 466,297 inhabitants as of January 2014.
Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

Airbus

EADSAirbus GroupEuropean Aeronautic Defence and Space Company
Toulouse is the centre of the European aerospace industry, with the headquarters of Airbus (formerly EADS), the Galileo positioning system, the SPOT satellite system, ATR and the Aerospace Valley.
The company's main civil aeroplane business is based in Blagnac, France, a suburb of Toulouse, with production and manufacturing facilities mostly in the European Union (France, Germany, Spain, United Kingdom) but also in China and the United States.

Liebherr Aerospace

Liebherr-AerospaceAerospaceLiebherr Aerospace.
Thales Alenia Space, ATR, SAFRAN, Liebherr-Aerospace and Astrium Satellites also have a significant presence in Toulouse.
It has two primary production and assembly centres: Liebherr Aerospace Toulouse and Liebherr Aerospace Lindenberg

Languedoc

southern FranceBas-Languedoc
The city was the capital of the Visigothic Kingdom in the 5th century and the capital of the province of Languedoc in the Late Middle Ages and early modern period (provinces were abolished during the French Revolution), making it the unofficial capital of the cultural region of Occitania (Southern France).
Its capital city was Toulouse.

University of Toulouse

ToulousePaul Sabatier Universityuniversity
The University of Toulouse is one of the oldest in Europe (founded in 1229) and, with more than 103,000 students, it is the fourth-largest university campus in France, after the universities of Paris, Lyon and Lille.
The formation of l'Université de Toulouse was imposed on Count Raymond VII as a part of the Treaty of Paris in 1229 ending the crusade against the Albigensians.

SPOT (satellite)

SPOTSPOT satellitesSPOT 1
Toulouse is the centre of the European aerospace industry, with the headquarters of Airbus (formerly EADS), the Galileo positioning system, the SPOT satellite system, ATR and the Aerospace Valley.
It is run by Spot Image, based in Toulouse, France.

Occitanie

OccitaniaOccitanie region32 départements de langue d'oc
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.
Toulouse (466,297)

Canal du Midi

A city with unique architecture made of pinkish terracotta bricks, which earned it the nickname la Ville Rose ("the Pink City"), Toulouse counts two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Canal du Midi (designated in 1996 and shared with other cities), and the Basilica of St. Sernin, the largest remaining Romanesque building in Europe, designated in 1998 because of its significance to the Santiago de Compostela pilgrimage route.
The canal runs from the city of Toulouse down to the Étang de Thau near the Mediterranean.

Departments of France

departmentdépartementdepartments
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.

Aerospace Valley

Toulouse is the centre of the European aerospace industry, with the headquarters of Airbus (formerly EADS), the Galileo positioning system, the SPOT satellite system, ATR and the Aerospace Valley.
The cluster is located in the regions of Occitanie and Nouvelle Aquitaine in the southwest of France and is mainly concentrated in and around the cities of Bordeaux and Toulouse.

Garonne

Garonne RiverRiver GaronneGarona
The city is on the banks of the River Garonne, 150 km from the Mediterranean Sea, 230 km from the Atlantic Ocean and 680 km from Paris.
The Garonne follows the Aran Valley northwards into France, flowing via Toulouse and Agen towards Bordeaux, where it meets the Gironde estuary.

Visigothic Kingdom

VisigothsVisigothicKing
The city was the capital of the Visigothic Kingdom in the 5th century and the capital of the province of Languedoc in the Late Middle Ages and early modern period (provinces were abolished during the French Revolution), making it the unofficial capital of the cultural region of Occitania (Southern France).
Sometimes referred to as the regnum Tolosanum or Kingdom of Toulouse after its capital Toulouse in modern historiography, the kingdom lost much of its territory in Gaul to the Franks in the early 6th century, save the narrow coastal strip of Septimania, but the Visigoth control of Iberia was secured by the end of that century with the submission of the Suebi.

County of Toulouse

ToulouseCounts of ToulouseTolosa
The Frankish conquest of Septimania followed in the 750s, and a quasi-independent County of Toulouse emerged within the Carolingian sub-kingdom of Aquitaine by the late 8th century.
The County of Toulouse was a territory in southern France consisting of the city of Toulouse and its environs, ruled by the Count of Toulouse from the late 9th century until the late 13th century.

Provinces of France

former provinceprovinceprovince of France
The city was the capital of the Visigothic Kingdom in the 5th century and the capital of the province of Languedoc in the Late Middle Ages and early modern period (provinces were abolished during the French Revolution), making it the unofficial capital of the cultural region of Occitania (Southern France).
5) Languedoc (Toulouse)

ATR (aircraft manufacturer)

ATRATR 42Avions de Transport Regional
Toulouse is the centre of the European aerospace industry, with the headquarters of Airbus (formerly EADS), the Galileo positioning system, the SPOT satellite system, ATR and the Aerospace Valley. Thales Alenia Space, ATR, SAFRAN, Liebherr-Aerospace and Astrium Satellites also have a significant presence in Toulouse.
Final assembly, flight-testing, certification and deliveries are the responsibility of ATR in Toulouse, France.

Church of the Jacobins

Jacobins of ToulouseLes Jacobins
They found home in Les Jacobins.
The Church of the Jacobins is a deconsecrated Roman Catholic church located in Toulouse, France.

Volcae

TectosagesTectosagiTectosagii
The historical name of the city, Tolosa (Τώλοσσα in Greek, and of its inhabitants, the Tolosates, first recorded in the 2nd century BC), it is of unknown meaning or origin, possibly from Aquitanian, or from Iberian, but has also been connected to the name of the Gaulish Volcae Tectosages.
The Tectosagii were a sept of the Volcae who moved through Macedonia into Anatolia c. 277 BC. Strabo says the Tectosagii came originally from the region near modern Toulouse, in France.

Dominican Order

DominicanO.P.Dominicans
The Dominican Order was founded in Toulouse in 1215 by Saint Dominic in this context of struggle against the Cathar heresy.
Dominic was fired by a reforming zeal after they encountered Albigensian Christians at Toulouse.

Battle of Toulouse (721)

Battle of ToulouseToulouseSiege of Toulouse
In 721, Duke Odo of Aquitaine defeated an invading Umayyad Muslim army at the Battle of Toulouse.
The Battle of Toulouse (721) was a victory of an Aquitanian Christian army led by Duke Odo of Aquitaine over an Umayyad Muslim army besieging the city of Toulouse, and led by the governor of Al-Andalus, Al-Samh ibn Malik al-Khawlani.

Odo the Great

EudesEudes of AquitaineOdo of Aquitaine
In 721, Duke Odo of Aquitaine defeated an invading Umayyad Muslim army at the Battle of Toulouse.
His territory included the Vasconia in the south-west of Gaul and the Duchy of Aquitaine (at that point located north-east of the river Garonne), a realm extending from the Loire to the Pyrenees, with the capital in Toulouse.

Jean Calas

Calas affairCalasCalas case
In 1761, a Toulouse merchant, Jean Calas, was accused of murdering his own son to prevent his conversion to Catholicism.
Jean Calas (1698 – March 10, 1762) was a merchant living in Toulouse, France, who was tried, tortured and executed for the murder of his son, despite his protestations of innocence.

Regions of France

regionrégionadministrative region
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.

Aquitaine

AquitanianAquitaniaAquitainian
In 721, Duke Odo of Aquitaine defeated an invading Umayyad Muslim army at the Battle of Toulouse.
Visigoths established their capital in Toulouse, but their tenure on Aquitaine was feeble.

Occitania

OccitanOccitansAquitania
The city was the capital of the Visigothic Kingdom in the 5th century and the capital of the province of Languedoc in the Late Middle Ages and early modern period (provinces were abolished during the French Revolution), making it the unofficial capital of the cultural region of Occitania (Southern France).
6) Languedoc [Lengadòc] (Toulouse) – 45,300 km2 (est.)