Mõisaküla is a small town in the southern part of Estonia, just next to the border of Latvia. The town's current population is less than 1,000 inhabitants.
The town of Hancock, Michigan along Quincy Street
The town of Peshtera, Bulgaria
The town of Sastamala, Finland
The town of Salins-les-Bains, France
Putbus on Rügen Island, Germany
Nearly every town in Hong Kong has its own town hall. The picture shows the Sha Tin Town Hall in the town of Sha Tin.
Town of Húsavík in Iceland
A street in Paravur town, India
Satriano di Lucania, a town in the Melandro Valley, Basilicata, South Italy.
The town of Valka, Latvia
The town center of Loboc, Bohol.
Zamość in Poland is an example of a utopian ideal town. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992
The town of Vyborg in Leningrad Oblast, Russia
Bishan, one of Singapore's towns is the 38th biggest in terms of geographical size and the 21st most populated planning area in the country.
View towards St Mary's Cathedral in Visby, Sweden. Visby is one of the most well-preserved former Hanseatic cities in Sweden and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Today it is the seat of Gotland Municipality.
Fire station in town of Bohorodchany
A traditional English town centre at Rugby
Bishop's Stortford
The tiny farming community of Wyatt, Indiana

Human settlement.

- Town

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Hamlet (place)

Small human settlement.

The hamlet at Oberwil, 3 km from Waldkirch, near St. Gallen (Switzerland)
Mansikkamäki, a small rural village in Pertunmaa, Finland
The hamlet Kampung Naga in West Java Province, Indonesia
Çobanpınarı, Güzelyurt in Hekimhan, Malatya
Haynes Church End in Bedfordshire

In different jurisdictions and geographies, a hamlet may be the size of a town, village or parish, or may be considered to be a smaller settlement or subdivision or satellite entity to a larger settlement.

Census-designated place

Concentration of population defined by the United States Census Bureau for statistical purposes only.

CDPs have been used in each decennial census since 1980 as the counterparts of incorporated places, such as self-governing cities, towns, and villages, for the purposes of gathering and correlating statistical data.


A village in Strochitsy, Belarus, 2008.
A village in Pornainen, Finland
An alpine village in the Lötschental Valley, Switzerland
A berber village in Ourika valley, High Atlas, Morocco
The old village of Hollókő, Nógrád, Hungary (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Mollösund, an example of a common village in Sweden and the Nordics.
A typical rural peasant Indian village in Rajasthan, India
A village in Pakistani Kashmir's Neelum Valley "Dosut"
A typical small village in Hainan, China
Shirakawa-gō, Gifu, Japan
Lug, village in northern Serbia
Kovachevitsa, a village in southern Bulgaria
The village of Kichkalnya, Tatarstan
Mayaky Village, Donetsk, Ukraine
Saint-Cirq-Lapopie in Lot is one of "The Most Beautiful Villages in France".
The village of Collina, part of the Forni Avoltri municipality, in Friuli, Italy
The main street of the village of Castle Combe, Wiltshire, England
Kilmaurs in East Ayrshire, Scotland
Bisley, Gloucestershire, a village in the Cotswolds
The village of Burrawang in New South Wales, Australia
A Newfoundland fishing village
A church in Newfane, Vermont
Oracle, Arizona is an unincorporated rural town often called a village in local media
A village in Kaita, Nigeria

A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town (although the word is often used to describe both hamlets and smaller towns), with a population typically ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand.

Human settlement

Community in which people live.

The small town of Flora, Oregon in the United States is unincorporated, but is considered a populated place.
A field landscape of the rural Pajuniemi village in Sastamala, Pirkanmaa, Finland.
Taos Pueblo, an ancient pueblo belonging to a Taos-speaking Native American tribe of Pueblo people. It is approximately 1000 years old and lies about 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the modern city of Taos, New Mexico.
Some settlement sites may go out of use. This location in Estonia was used for human settlement in 2nd half of first millennium and it is considered an archaeological record, that may provide information on how people lived back then.
Urban structure of Sortavala, a town in Republic of Karelia, Russia
Abandoned buildings in Kolmanskop, Namibia

Settlements may include hamlets, villages, towns and cities.

Urban area

Human settlement with a high population density and infrastructure of built environment.

Greater Tokyo Area, Japan, the world's most populated urban area, with about 38 million inhabitants
Greater Melbourne, Australia at night, seen from the International Space Station
Urban land area (km2), 2010
Urban areas with at least one million inhabitants in 2006
India gate panorama.
A street sign indicating the beginning of an urban area in Finland. The picture was taken in Vimpeli.
São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil, the largest city proper in the Southern Hemisphere, in the Americas, and the world's ninth-largest urban area by population.
Moscow, the capital and largest city of Russia
Saint Petersburg, the cultural capital and the second-largest city
Yekaterinburg, the fourth-largest city in the country.

Urban areas are created through urbanization and are categorized by urban morphology as cities, towns, conurbations or suburbs.


Czech and Slovak word for a municipality (in the Czech Republic, in Slovakia and abroad).

Signs showing the border of two municipalities

A municipality can obtain the title of a city (statutární město), town (město) or market town.

Municipalities of Finland

The municipalities (kunta; kommun) represent the local level of administration in Finland and act as the fundamental, self-governing administrative units of the country.

Municipalities of Finland by language (2016–present):
Beige: unilingually Finnish
Dark blue: unilingually Swedish
Turquoise: bilingual, majority language Finnish, minority language Swedish
Light blue: bilingual, majority language Swedish, minority language Finnish
Wine: majority language Finnish and one or three Sami languages as minority languages
The coat of arms of Vantaa, incorporating heraldic elements of the region of Uusimaa, such as azure color and argent
The biggest party in the municipalities after the 2017 Finnish municipal elections
The biggest party in the municipalities after the 2021 Finnish municipal elections
Second largest party by vote percentage after the 2021 Finnish municipal elections

, there are 310 municipalities in Finland, of which 107 are cities or towns (kaupunki).


Shrewsbury market square

Městys (or, unofficially or obsolete, městečko (literally "small town")), translated as "market town", is a status conferred on certain municipalities in the Czech Republic, lying in terms of size and importance higher than that of simple obec (municipality), but lower than that of město (city, town).


The Chelsea neighbourhood of Manhattan in New York City
A neighbourhood watch sign in Jefferson County, Colorado
Typical Cypriot neighbourhood in Aglandjia, Nicosia, Cyprus
Vuores, a neighbourhood in the city of Tampere, Finland

A neighbourhood (British English, Hibernian English, Australian English and Canadian English) or neighborhood (American English; see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area.

Blenheim, New Zealand

"Kia Ora Welcome to Blenheim"
View from above looking north from Blenheim
The Taylor River in central Blenheim
The Taylor River Geyser
Central business district of Blenheim in 2012
Seymour Square, the main square of Blenheim
Seymour Sq, Blenheim in early spring 2012

Blenheim (Waiharakeke) is the most populous town in the region of Marlborough, in the north east of the South Island of New Zealand.