Town

settlementsmall towntownssettlementsCityStatutory TownLarge townSmall-townTown(s)tun
A town is a human settlement.wikipedia
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Village

selosettlementOrtsteil
Towns are generally larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish them vary considerably between different parts of the world. In general, today towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town's population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry, commerce, and public services rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities.
A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand.

Hamlet (place)

hamlethamletsfermtoun
In general, today towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town's population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry, commerce, and public services rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities.
In different jurisdictions and geographies, hamlets may be the size of a town, village or parish, be considered a smaller settlement or subdivision or satellite entity to a larger settlement.

Human settlement

settlementmain placespopulated place
A town is a human settlement.
Settlements may include hamlets, villages, towns and cities.

Census-designated place

CDPcensus designated placecensus-designated places
The United States Census identifies many census-designated places (CDPs) by the names of unincorporated towns which lie within them; however, those CDPs typically include rural and suburban areas and even surrounding villages and other towns.
CDPs have been used in each decennial census since 1980 as the counterparts of incorporated places, such as self-governing cities, towns, and villages, for the purposes of gathering and correlating statistical data.

Rattenberg

Rattenburg
The city of Rattenberg for example has about 400 inhabitants.
Rattenberg is a town on the Inn River in the Austrian state of Tyrol near Rattenberg mountain and Innsbruck.

Ville

-villecity
There is no intermediate level in French between village and ville (municipality is an administrative term usually applied to a legal, not geographical entity), so both are combined under the single legal status of ville.
Ville is the modern French word of Latin origin now meaning "city" or "town", but the first meaning in the Middle Ages was "farm" (from Gallo-Romance VILLA < Latin villa rustica) and then "village".

Urban area

Urbanurban agglomerationagglomeration
For formal purposes, urban areas having at least 200 inhabitants are counted as "by".
Urban areas are created through urbanization and are categorized by urban morphology as cities, towns, conurbations or suburbs.

Statutory city (Czech Republic)

Statutory Citystatutory citiescity
Statutory cities (statutární město), which are defined by law no.
It is more prestigious than the simple title město ("town"), which can be awarded by the cabinet and chair of the Chamber of Deputies to a municipality which applies for it.

Town privileges

town rightscity rightsStadtrecht
Historically, many settlements became a Stadt by being awarded a Stadtrecht in medieval times.
Town privileges or borough rights were important features of European towns during most of the second millennium.

Municipality

municipalitiesmunicipalmunicipal division
They will all be part of and administered as a "kommune" ("municipality"). In some states, a town is an incorporated municipality; that is, one with a charter received from the state, similar to a city (see incorporated town), while in others, a town is unincorporated.
It is to be distinguished (usually) from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns, villages and hamlets.

Census town

census townstowncensus village
A census town is a type of town that satisfies certain characteristics, depending on the country in which it is located.

Městys

market townMěstečkotownship
In 2006, the legal concept of a town (městys, or formerly městečko) was reintroduced.
Městys (or, unofficially or obsolete, městečko) is a status conferred on certain municipalities in the Czech Republic, lying in terms of size and importance higher than that of obec (village municipality, commune), but lower than that of město (city, town).

Neighbourhood

neighborhoodneighborhoodsneighbourhoods
Another smaller type of town or neighborhood in a big city is called Kuy .
A neighbourhood (British English and Canadian English), or neighborhood (American English; see spelling differences), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area.

Municipal corporation

IncorporatedUnincorporatedincorporation
Usually based upon a town, they had a municipal corporation and certain rights, such as a degree of self-governance and representation in the sovereign Parliament of Scotland adjourned in 1707.
A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs.

Out growth

out growthsoutgrowthoutgrowths
All the statutory towns, census towns and out growths are considered as urban settlements, as opposed to rural areas.
An Out Growth (OG) is an urban settlement contiguous to another urban area like Statutory towns, Census towns or a City.

Blenheim, New Zealand

BlenheimSeymour SquareBlenheim Borough
New Zealand's towns vary greatly in size and importance, ranging from small rural service centres to significant regional centres such as Blenheim and Taupo.
Blenheim (Waiharakeke) is the most populous town in the region of Marlborough, in the north east of the South Island of New Zealand.

Taupo

Taupo, New ZealandTaupo District CouncilTaupō
New Zealand's towns vary greatly in size and importance, ranging from small rural service centres to significant regional centres such as Blenheim and Taupo.
Taupo (officially Taupō) is a town on the shore of Lake Taupo, which occupies the caldera of the Taupo Volcano in the centre of the North Island of New Zealand.

County

countiesparishescomté
Towns of more than 50,000 people are able to gain the status of "megyei jogú város" (town with the rights of a county), which allows them to maintain a higher degree of services.
Depending on the individual state, counties or their equivalents may be administratively subdivided into townships, boroughs or boros, or towns (in the New England states, New York, and Wisconsin).

Eup (administrative division)

eupŭptown
In both of South Korea and North Korea, towns are called eup .
An eup or ŭp is an administrative unit in both North Korea and South Korea similar to the unit of town.

Dorp (town)

Towndorp
In South Africa the Afrikaans term "Dorp" is used interchangeably with the English equivalent of "Town".
Dorp is a term meaning a village or small town, in the Netherlands, Suriname, Belgian Flanders and South Africa.

Urban-type settlement

work settlementsettlementtown
Occasionally the term "город" is applied to urban-type settlements as well, even though the status of those is not the same as that of a city/town proper.
This type of locality has been used in all 15 member republics of the former Soviet Union since 1922 when it replaced a number of terms which could have been translated by the English term "town" (Russia – posad, Ukraine – містечко, Belarus – мястэчка (the latter two are diminutives from місто and места, correspondingly, similarly to miasteczko being derived from miasto) and others).

Township

townshipsmunicipal boardtownship road
In general, today towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town's population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry, commerce, and public services rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities.

Burgh

burghsBurgh CharterBurgh Council
A town in Scotland has no specific legal meaning and (especially in areas which were or are still Gaelic-speaking) can refer to a mere collection of buildings (e.g. a farm-town or in Scots ferm-toun), not all of which might be inhabited, or to an inhabited area of any size which is not otherwise described in terms such as city, burgh, etc. Many locations of greatly different size will be encountered with a name ending with -town, -ton, -toun etc. (or beginning with the Gaelic equivalent baile etc.).
A burgh was an autonomous municipal corporation in Scotland and Northern England, usually a city, town, or toun in Scots.

Warwickshire

County of WarwickWarwickshire, EnglandWarwick
Some settlements which describe themselves as towns (e.g. Shipston-on-Stour, Warwickshire) are smaller than some large villages (e.g. Kidlington, Oxfordshire).
The only town in the south of Warwickshire is Shipston-on-Stour.

Incorporated town

Incorporatedtownincorporated towns
In some states, a town is an incorporated municipality; that is, one with a charter received from the state, similar to a city (see incorporated town), while in others, a town is unincorporated.
An incorporated town is a town that is a municipal corporation.