Trāṭaka

TratakaTratak
Trataka (Sanskrit n. त्राटक Trāṭaka: "to look, or to gaze") is a yogic purification (a shatkarma) and a tantric method of meditation that involves staring at a single point such as a small object, black dot or candle flame.wikipedia
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Shatkarma

Satkarmakriyakriyas
Trataka (Sanskrit n. त्राटक Trāṭaka: "to look, or to gaze") is a yogic purification (a shatkarma) and a tantric method of meditation that involves staring at a single point such as a small object, black dot or candle flame.
These practices, outlined by Yogi Swatmarama in the Haṭha Yoga Pradīpikā as kriya, are Netī, Dhautī, Naulī, Basti, Kapālabhātī, and Trāṭaka.

Ajna

ajna chakrabrow chakraAnthagam
It is said to bring energy to the "third eye" (ājňā chakra) and promote various psychic abilities.

Sanskrit

Sanskrit languageClassical SanskritSkt.
Trataka (Sanskrit n. त्राटक Trāṭaka: "to look, or to gaze") is a yogic purification (a shatkarma) and a tantric method of meditation that involves staring at a single point such as a small object, black dot or candle flame.

Meditation

meditativemeditatemeditating
Trataka (Sanskrit n. त्राटक Trāṭaka: "to look, or to gaze") is a yogic purification (a shatkarma) and a tantric method of meditation that involves staring at a single point such as a small object, black dot or candle flame.

Chakra

chakrascakraseven chakras
It is said to bring energy to the "third eye" (ājňā chakra) and promote various psychic abilities.

Psychic

psychicspsychic phenomenapsychical
It is said to bring energy to the "third eye" (ājňā chakra) and promote various psychic abilities.

Ciliary body

ciliaryciliary epitheliumannular
It is said also that control of the ciliary (blink) reflex stimulates the pineal gland, which Kundalini Yoga identify with the third eye.

Pineal gland

pineal foramenpinealpineal body
It is said also that control of the ciliary (blink) reflex stimulates the pineal gland, which Kundalini Yoga identify with the third eye.

Yantra

yantrasinstrumentsacred architecture
The practitioner may fix attention on a symbol or yantra, such as the Om symbol, a black dot, the image of some deity or guru, a flame, a mirror or any point, and stare at it.

Om

AumPranava
The practitioner may fix attention on a symbol or yantra, such as the Om symbol, a black dot, the image of some deity or guru, a flame, a mirror or any point, and stare at it.

Yogi

yogisyogingreat yogi
Some authorities recommend that the eyes should then be closed and the yogi concentrate on the after image, while others persevere with staring for 30–40 minutes.

Afterimage

afterimagesafter imagepositive afterimage
Some authorities recommend that the eyes should then be closed and the yogi concentrate on the after image, while others persevere with staring for 30–40 minutes.

Siddhi

siddhissupernormal powersAshta siddhi
As per yoga and Tantric texts, the eyes of one who got siddhi in trataka will appear like burning charcoal in colour.

Bihar School of Yoga

Bihar Yoga BharatiBiharSchool of Yoga
The Bihar School of Yoga, in India has published several books on meditation that give detailed instructions for practising trataka.

Niranjanananda Saraswati

NiranjanandaSwami NiranjananandaSwami Niranjananda
Dharana Darshan by Swami Niranjanananda Saraswati has an entire chapter devoted to the practice.

Jain meditation

Preksha meditationdhyānaJain yoga
The Acaranga for example, mentions Trāṭaka (fixed gaze) meditation, Preksha meditation (self-awareness) and Kayotsarga (‘kāyaṃ vosajjamaṇgāre’, giving up the body).

Hatha Yoga: The Report of a Personal Experience

a carefully fictionalised account
Bernard learnt all six purifications, dhauti (cleaning the digestive tract), basti (colonic irrigation), neti (nasal wash), trataka (fixed gazing), nauli (abdominal massage by the abdominal muscles), and kapalabhati (skull-polishing breath).

Hatha yoga

Haṭha yogaHathayoga
The most common list is called the shatkarmas, or six cleansing actions: dhauti (cleanse teeth and body), basti (cleanse bladder), neti (cleanse nasal passages), trataka (cleanse eyes), nauli (abdominal massage) and kapalabhati (cleanse phlegm).

Drishti (yoga)

drishtiAngusthamadhye Drishtidrishti (focus points)
Sivananda Yoga makes use of two dṛṣṭi, namely Nāsāgre and Bhrūmadhye, for tratak exercise (a purification) rather than in asana practice.