Traceability

traceablefood traceabilityproduct identity and traceabilityTest-to-code traceabilitytra''ceabilitytraces
Traceability is the capability to trace something.wikipedia
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Calibration

calibratedcalibratecalibrating
Calibration to a traceable standard can be used to determine an instrument's bias, precision, and accuracy.
In many countries a National Metrology Institute (NMI) will exist which will maintain primary standards of measurement (the main SI units plus a number of derived units) which will be used to provide traceability to customer's instruments by calibration.

Chain of custody

chain of evidencechain-of-custodyclear
It may also be used to show a chain of custody - from current interpretation of evidence to the actual evidence in a legal context, or history of handling of any information.
Of particular importance in criminal cases, the concept is also applied in civil litigation—and sometimes more broadly in drug testing of athletes, and in supply chain management, e.g. to improve the traceability of food products, or to provide assurances that wood products originate from sustainably managed forests.

Accuracy and precision

accuracyprecisionaccurate
Calibration to a traceable standard can be used to determine an instrument's bias, precision, and accuracy.
The accuracy and precision of a measurement process is usually established by repeatedly measuring some traceable reference standard.

GS1

EANGS1 AustraliaGS1 system of standards
The international standards organization EPCglobal under GS1 has ratified the EPCglobal Network standards (especially the EPC Information Services EPCIS standard) which codify the syntax and semantics for supply chain events and the secure method for selectively sharing supply chain events with trading partners.
Key focus areas in retail include sustainability, data quality, compliance with regulatory requirements, traceability of products from their origin through delivery, and upstream integration between manufacturers and suppliers.

TRACES

The EU introduced its Trade Control and Expert System, or TRACES, in April 2004.
TRACES stands for "Trade Control and Expert System", this acronym enhances the traceability aspect which constitutes the core element of the system and is a key factor of food safety.

SmartWater

ID-marker
Announcing that cash machines were fitted with sprayers of SmartWater, an invisible gel detectable for years, to mark thieves and their clothing when breaking into or tampering with the machine was found in a 2016 pilot scheme to reduce theft by 90%.
SmartWater is a traceable liquid and forensic asset marking system (taggant) that is applied to items of value to identify thieves and deter theft.

Fastener

fastenersfasteningclasp
This same practice extends throughout industries using military hardware, including the fastener industry.
A key component of most military standards is traceability.

Provenance

find spotunprovenancedprovenience
* Provenance
Traceability

Measuring instrument

instrumentscientific instrumentinstruments
The term measurement traceability is used to refer to an unbroken chain of comparisons relating an instrument's measurements to a known standard.

Measurement

measuremeasuringmeasured
The term measurement traceability is used to refer to an unbroken chain of comparisons relating an instrument's measurements to a known standard.

Standard (metrology)

standardstandardscalibration standard
The term measurement traceability is used to refer to an unbroken chain of comparisons relating an instrument's measurements to a known standard.

National Physical Laboratory (United Kingdom)

National Physical LaboratoryNPLNational Physical Laboratory (NPL)
Examples of government agencies include the National Physical Laboratory, UK (NPL) the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the USA, the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) in Germany, and the Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRiM) in Italy.

National Institute of Standards and Technology

NISTNational Bureau of StandardsBureau of Standards
Examples of government agencies include the National Physical Laboratory, UK (NPL) the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the USA, the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) in Germany, and the Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRiM) in Italy.

Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt

PTBPhysikalisch-Technische ReichsanstaltGerman National Metrology Institute
Examples of government agencies include the National Physical Laboratory, UK (NPL) the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the USA, the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) in Germany, and the Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRiM) in Italy.

Coordinated Universal Time

UTCUTC-3UTC-4
A clock providing is traceable to a time standard such as Coordinated Universal Time or International Atomic Time.

International Atomic Time

TAIatomic timeTemps Atomique International
A clock providing is traceable to a time standard such as Coordinated Universal Time or International Atomic Time.

Global Positioning System

GPSGlobal Positioning System (GPS)global positioning systems
The Global Positioning System is a source a traceable time.

Supply chain

supplierssupply chainssupply-chain
In the supply chain, traceability may be both a regulatory and an ethical or environmental issue.

Materials science

material sciencematerialsmaterials scientist
In regard to materials, traceability refers to the capability to associate a finished part with destructive test results performed on material from the same ingot with the same heat treatment, or to associate a finished part with results of a test performed on a sample from the same melt identified by the unique lot number of the material.

Heat number

A heat number is usually marked on the part or raw material which identifies the ingot it came from, and a lot number may identify the group of parts that experienced the same heat treatment (i.e., were in the same oven at the same time).

Logistics

logisticallogistichaulage
In logistics, traceability refers to the capability for tracing goods along the distribution chain on a batch number or series number basis.

Batch production

batchbatch processBatch Processing
In logistics, traceability refers to the capability for tracing goods along the distribution chain on a batch number or series number basis.

Food safety

food hygienesafetyfood inspection
Traceability is an important aspect for example in the automotive industry, where it makes recalls possible, or in the food industry where it contributes to food safety.

EPCglobal

EPCglobal, Inc.
The international standards organization EPCglobal under GS1 has ratified the EPCglobal Network standards (especially the EPC Information Services EPCIS standard) which codify the syntax and semantics for supply chain events and the secure method for selectively sharing supply chain events with trading partners.

EPCglobal Network

The international standards organization EPCglobal under GS1 has ratified the EPCglobal Network standards (especially the EPC Information Services EPCIS standard) which codify the syntax and semantics for supply chain events and the secure method for selectively sharing supply chain events with trading partners.