Train

passenger traintrainspassenger trainsconsistpassengertrainsetrakerail vehiclepassenger servicepassenger services
A train is a form of rail transport consisting of a series of connected vehicles that generally run along a railroad track to transport cargo or passengers.wikipedia
2,543 Related Articles

Locomotive

locomotivesmixed trafficrailway locomotive
Motive power for a train is provided by a separate locomotive or individual motors in a self-propelled multiple unit.
A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.

Railroad car

railway carriagecarsrailway car
A train is a form of rail transport consisting of a series of connected vehicles that generally run along a railroad track to transport cargo or passengers. A freight train (or goods train) uses freight cars (or wagons/trucks) to transport goods or materials (cargo).
Such cars, when coupled together and hauled by one or more locomotives, form a train.

Overhead line

overhead catenaryCatenaryOverhead lines
Although historically steam propulsion dominated, the most common types of locomotive are diesel and electric, the latter supplied by overhead wires or additional rails.

Maglev

maglev trainmagnetic levitationmagnetic levitation train
Monorails and maglev guideways are also used occasionally.
Maglev (derived from magnetic levitation) is a system of train transportation that uses two sets of magnets, one set to repel and push the train up off the track, and another set to move the elevated train ahead, taking advantage of the lack of friction.

Rack railway

Abt rack systemrackcog railway
The track usually consists of two running rails with a fixed spacing, which may be supplemented by additional rails such as electric conducting rails and rack rails.
The trains are fitted with one or more cog wheels or pinions that mesh with this rack rail.

Rail profile

railsrailVignoles rail
The track usually consists of two running rails with a fixed spacing, which may be supplemented by additional rails such as electric conducting rails and rack rails.
By and large, the heavier the rails and the rest of the trackwork, the heavier and faster the trains these tracks can carry.

Rail freight transport

freight trainfreightgoods train
A freight train (or goods train) uses freight cars (or wagons/trucks) to transport goods or materials (cargo).
Rail freight transport is the use of railroads and trains to transport cargo as opposed to human passengers.

Light rail

light rail transitlight-railLRT
The term "light rail" is sometimes used to refer to a modern tram system, but it may also mean an intermediate form between a tram and a train, similar to a heavy rail rapid transit system.
There is no standard definition, but in the United States (where the terminology was devised in the 1970s from the engineering term light railway), light rail operates primarily along exclusive rights-of-way and uses either individual tramcars or multiple units coupled to form a train that is lower capacity and lower speed than a long heavy-rail passenger train or metro system.

Bank engine

bankinghelper enginebanked
Where a second locomotive is attached temporarily to assist a train when ascending steep banks or gradients (or to provide braking power for a descent), this is referred to as "banking" in the UK.
A bank engine (United Kingdom/Australia) (colloquially a banker), banking engine, helper engine or pusher engine (North America) is a railway locomotive that temporarily assists a train that requires additional power or traction to climb a gradient (or bank).

Track (rail transport)

trackrailroad trackstracks
A train is a form of rail transport consisting of a series of connected vehicles that generally run along a railroad track to transport cargo or passengers.
It enables trains to move by providing a dependable surface for their wheels to roll upon.

Pneumatics

pneumaticpneumaticallycompressed air
Trains can also be hauled by horses, pulled by engine or water-driven cable or wire winch, run downhill using gravity, or powered by pneumatics, gas turbines or batteries.

Train station

railway stationstationterminus
Passenger trains travel between stations or depots, where passengers may board and disembark.
A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot is a railway facility or area where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight or both.

Conductor (rail)

conductorguardconductors
Oversight of a passenger train is the responsibility of the conductor.
A conductor (American and Canadian English) or guard (Commonwealth English) is a train crew member responsible for operational and safety duties that do not involve actual operation of the train.

Multiple unit

multiple-unitmultiple unitsEMUs
Motive power for a train is provided by a separate locomotive or individual motors in a self-propelled multiple unit.
Elektrichka is an informal word for elektropoezd, a Soviet or post-Soviet regional (mostly suburban) electrical multiple unit passenger train.

Sleeping car

sleepernight trainsleepers
During the heyday of North American passenger rail travel, long distance trains carried two conductors: the aforementioned train conductor, and a Pullman conductor, the latter being in charge of sleeping car personnel.
The Pullman Company, founded as the Pullman Palace Car Company in 1867, owned and operated most sleeping cars in the United States until the mid-20th century, attaching them to passenger trains run by the various railroads; there were also some sleeping cars that were operated by Pullman but owned by the railroad running a given train.

Glossary of rail transport terms

railway linerail linemilk train
The railway terminology that is used to describe a train varies between countries.

Lists of named passenger trains

namednamed passenger trainnamed passenger trains
Many prestigious passenger train services have been given a specific name, some of which have become famous in literature and fiction.
In the history of rail transport, dating back to the 19th century, there have been hundreds of named passenger trains.

Diesel locomotive

diesel-electric locomotivedieseldiesel locomotives
Although historically steam propulsion dominated, the most common types of locomotive are diesel and electric, the latter supplied by overhead wires or additional rails.
This basic design lends itself well to multiple unit (MU) operation by producing discrete conditions that assure that all units in a consist respond in the same way to throttle position.

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway

Santa Fe RailroadAtchison, Topeka and Santa Fe RailroadSanta Fe
The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway's 1948 operating rules define a train as: "An engine or more than one engine coupled, with or without cars, displaying markers."
AT&SF was widely known for its passenger train service in the first half of the 20th century.

InterCity

ICIntercity (IC)InterCity Executive
InterCity (commonly abbreviated IC on timetables and tickets) is the classification applied to certain long-distance passenger train services in Europe.

Express train

ExpressExpress railexpresses
Express trains make only a small number of stops, instead of stopping locally.

Gas turbine locomotive

gas turbine-electric locomotiveGas turbine traingas turbine
Lesser used locomotives are: gas turbine locomotive and fuel cell locomotives, which combine the advantage of not needing an electrical system in place, with the advantage of emissionless operation.
Amtrak purchased two different types of turbine-powered trainsets, which were both called Turboliners.

Rail transport

railwayrailroadrail
A railcar, in British English and Australian English, is a self-propelled railway vehicle designed to transport passengers.
Rolling stock in a rail transport system generally encounters lower frictional resistance than rubber-tired road vehicles, so passenger and freight cars (carriages and wagons) can be coupled into longer trains.

Vehicle

vehiclesvehicularroad vehicle
A railcar, in British English and Australian English, is a self-propelled railway vehicle designed to transport passengers.
Vehicles include wagons, bicycles, motor vehicles (motorcycles, cars, trucks, buses), railed vehicles (trains, trams), watercraft (ships, boats), amphibious vehicles (screw-propelled vehicle, hovercraft), aircraft (airplanes, helicopters) and spacecraft.

Orient Express

Orient-Expressfamous European trainSimplon-Orient Express
The names of special passenger trains have passed into popular culture: the Orient Express has been a setting for films and other works of fiction.
The Orient Express was a long-distance passenger train service created in 1883 by Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits (CIWL).