Trans-Amazonian Highway

BR-230Trans-Amazon HighwayConstruction of the Trans-Amazonian HighwayTrans-AmazoniaTrans-Amazonian highway (or BR-230)transcontinental highway
The Trans-Amazonian Highway (official designation BR-230, official name Rodovia Transamazônica), was introduced on September 27, 1972.wikipedia
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Amazon rainforest

AmazonAmazoniaAmazon jungle
It runs through the Amazon forest and the Brazilian states of Paraíba, Ceará, Piaui, Maranhão, Tocantins, Pará and Amazonas, from the proximities of Saboeiro up until the town of Lábrea.
In the 1970s, construction began on the Trans-Amazonian highway.

Tocantins

Tocantins stateTOState of Tocantins
It runs through the Amazon forest and the Brazilian states of Paraíba, Ceará, Piaui, Maranhão, Tocantins, Pará and Amazonas, from the proximities of Saboeiro up until the town of Lábrea.

Marabá, Pará

MarabáMarabaMarabá, Para
In particular, because of high construction costs and Brazil financial crisis in the late 1970s, only a part of the highway was paved, from its beginning to 200 km ahead of Marabá.
In 1970 it launched the "Programa de Integração Nacional" (National Integration Program), which, among other things, provided for the construction of the Trans-Amazon Highway, whose first section opened in 1971, along with the creation of a post of the National Institute of Colonization and Agrarian Reform in Marabá.

Deforestation in Brazil

deforestationBrazilDeforestation in the Brazilian Amazon
It has indirectly caused a great deal of Deforestation in Brazil, as roads make it easier to transport timber.
Extensive transportation projects, such as the Trans-Amazon Highway, were promoted in 1970, meaning that huge areas of forest would be removed for commercial purposes.

Balata-Tufari National Forest

Balata-Tufari
In the western section from Lábrea to Humaitá, the fully protected Mapinguari National Park is south of the highway and the sustainable use Balata-Tufari National Forest is to the north.
It is bounded by the Purus River to the west, by the first section of the Trans-Amazonian Highway (BR-230) from Lábrea to Humaitá which cuts across its southern end, and by BR-319 to the east.

Humaitá National Forest

HumaitáHumaita National Forest
East of Humaitá the Humaitá National Forest lies to the south of the highway, then the Campos Amazônicos National Park and Juruena National Park.
The forest is bounded by the border with Rondônia to the south, the Madeira River to the west and the Trans-Amazonian Highway (BR-230) to the north.

Campos Amazônicos National Park

Campos Amazônicos
East of Humaitá the Humaitá National Forest lies to the south of the highway, then the Campos Amazônicos National Park and Juruena National Park.
The park lies to the south of the Trans-Amazonian Highway (BR-230) in Amazonas.

Belém-Brasília Highway

Rodovia Belém-BrasíliaBelém-Brasilia HighwayBelém Brasilia
However, severe techniques and procedures that evolved during the construction of Belém-Brasília Highway (BR-153) were then used.

Santarém, Pará

SantarémSantarém, BrazilSantarem
As of December 2009, paving was underway between the town of Ruropolis and Itaituba and north to Santarém.
BR-230 connects BR-163 to the state capital.

Madeira-Mamoré Railroad

Madeira-Mamoré RailwayEstrada de Ferro Madeira-MamoréMadeira-Mamoré, a volta dos que não foram, lá no Guaporé
However, in 1972 Brazil completed the Trans-Amazonian highway linking Bolivia to navigable regions of the Amazon and the railroad was abandoned.

Brazil

BRABrasilBrazilian
It is 4,000 km long, making it the third longest highway in Brazil.

Paraíba

ParaibaPBParaíba state
It runs through the Amazon forest and the Brazilian states of Paraíba, Ceará, Piaui, Maranhão, Tocantins, Pará and Amazonas, from the proximities of Saboeiro up until the town of Lábrea.

Ceará

CECearaCeará state
It runs through the Amazon forest and the Brazilian states of Paraíba, Ceará, Piaui, Maranhão, Tocantins, Pará and Amazonas, from the proximities of Saboeiro up until the town of Lábrea.

Piauí

PiauiPIPiauí state
It runs through the Amazon forest and the Brazilian states of Paraíba, Ceará, Piaui, Maranhão, Tocantins, Pará and Amazonas, from the proximities of Saboeiro up until the town of Lábrea.

Maranhão

MAMaranhão stateMaranhao
It runs through the Amazon forest and the Brazilian states of Paraíba, Ceará, Piaui, Maranhão, Tocantins, Pará and Amazonas, from the proximities of Saboeiro up until the town of Lábrea.

Pará

Pará statePAState of Pará
It runs through the Amazon forest and the Brazilian states of Paraíba, Ceará, Piaui, Maranhão, Tocantins, Pará and Amazonas, from the proximities of Saboeiro up until the town of Lábrea.

Amazonas (Brazilian state)

AmazonasAmazonas stateAM
It runs through the Amazon forest and the Brazilian states of Paraíba, Ceará, Piaui, Maranhão, Tocantins, Pará and Amazonas, from the proximities of Saboeiro up until the town of Lábrea.

Saboeiro

It runs through the Amazon forest and the Brazilian states of Paraíba, Ceará, Piaui, Maranhão, Tocantins, Pará and Amazonas, from the proximities of Saboeiro up until the town of Lábrea.

Lábrea

It runs through the Amazon forest and the Brazilian states of Paraíba, Ceará, Piaui, Maranhão, Tocantins, Pará and Amazonas, from the proximities of Saboeiro up until the town of Lábrea. In the western section from Lábrea to Humaitá, the fully protected Mapinguari National Park is south of the highway and the sustainable use Balata-Tufari National Forest is to the north.

Colombia

COLRepublic of ColombiaColombian
The highway was intended to integrate these regions with the rest of the country, and with Colombia, Peru and Ecuador.

Peru

PerúRepublic of PeruPeruvian
The highway was intended to integrate these regions with the rest of the country, and with Colombia, Peru and Ecuador.

Ecuador

ECURepublic of EcuadorEcuadorian
The highway was intended to integrate these regions with the rest of the country, and with Colombia, Peru and Ecuador.

Wet season

rainy seasonmonsoon seasonwet
Travel on the non-paved stretches of the highway is extremely difficult during the region's rainy season between October and March.

BR-153

Rodovia TransbrasilianaTransbrasilianaTransbrasiliana Highway
However, severe techniques and procedures that evolved during the construction of Belém-Brasília Highway (BR-153) were then used.