Transitional federal government, Republic of Somalia

Transitional Federal GovernmentTFGTFG coalitionSomali governmentSomali Transitional Governmentgovernment (TFG)Somalia's Transitional Federal Governmentthe transitional governmentTransitional Federal Government of the Republic of SomaliaTransitional Federal Parliament of the Somali Republic
The Transitional Federal Government (TFG) (Dowladda Federaalka Kumeelgaarka, الحكومة الاتحادية الانتقالية) was the internationally recognized government of the Republic of Somalia until 20 August 2012, when its tenure officially ended and the Federal Government of Somalia was inaugurated.wikipedia
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Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
The Transitional Federal Government (TFG) (Dowladda Federaalka Kumeelgaarka, الحكومة الاتحادية الانتقالية) was the internationally recognized government of the Republic of Somalia until 20 August 2012, when its tenure officially ended and the Federal Government of Somalia was inaugurated.
The Transitional National Government (TNG) was established in 2000, followed by the formation of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in 2004, which reestablished the military.

Federal Government of Somalia

Federal GovernmentSomali governmentGovernment of Somalia
The Transitional Federal Government (TFG) (Dowladda Federaalka Kumeelgaarka, الحكومة الاتحادية الانتقالية) was the internationally recognized government of the Republic of Somalia until 20 August 2012, when its tenure officially ended and the Federal Government of Somalia was inaugurated.
It replaced the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia on 20 August 2012 with the adoption of the Constitution of Somalia.

Mogadishu

Mogadishu, SomaliaMogadiscioMuqdisho
By August 2011, the government and its AMISOM (African Union Mission in Somalia) allies managed to secure control over all of Mogadishu.
The ICU thereafter splintered into more radical groups, notably al-Shabaab, which fought the Transitional Federal Government (2004–2012) and its African Union Mission to Somalia allies.

Transitional federal parliament, Republic of Somalia

Transitional Federal ParliamentTransitional Federal GovernmentTransitional Government
The TFG was established as one of the Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs) of government as defined in the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC) adopted in November 2004 by the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP).
Created in 2004, they included the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC), the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP).

Transitional Federal Charter of the Somali Republic

Transitional Federal CharterCharterTransitional charter
The TFG was established as one of the Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs) of government as defined in the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC) adopted in November 2004 by the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP).
The other TFIs included the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP), which was the legislative branch, and the Transitional Federal Government (TFG), the TFI's executive wing.

Hussein Arab Isse

On 18 October 2011, Isse and other Transitional Federal Government (TFG) officials hosted a Kenyan delegation in Mogadishu to discuss security issues cooperation against Al-Shabaab as part of the ongoing coordinated Operation Linda Nchi.

Transitional federal institutions, Somalia

Transitional Federal Institutionstransitional institutions in Mogadishu
The TFG was established as one of the Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs) of government as defined in the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC) adopted in November 2004 by the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP).

Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed

Abdullahi Yusuf2006 Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed assassination attemptAbdullahi tYusuf Ahmed
On 8 January 2007, as the Battle of Ras Kamboni raged, TFG President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, a former colonel in the Somali Army decorated for bravery during the Somali-Ethiopian wars of 1964 and 1977 and erstwhile leader of the Somali Salvation Democratic Front, entered Mogadishu for the first time since being elected to office.
In 2004, Ahmed also helped establish the Transitional Federal Government, which he led as President of Somalia from 2004 until 2008.

Battle of Ras Kamboni

Ras Kamboniair gunship attackair strikes in Somalia against suspected terrorists
On 8 January 2007, as the Battle of Ras Kamboni raged, TFG President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, a former colonel in the Somali Army decorated for bravery during the Somali-Ethiopian wars of 1964 and 1977 and erstwhile leader of the Somali Salvation Democratic Front, entered Mogadishu for the first time since being elected to office.
The Battle of Ras Kamboni was a battle in the Somali Civil War (2006–2009) fought by the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) and affiliated militias against Ethiopian and the Somali Transitional Federal Government (TFG) forces for control of Ras Kamboni (-1.63889°N, 41.58806°W), a town near the Kenyan border which once served as a training camp for the militant Islamist group Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya.

Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed

Mohamed Abdullahi FarmajoFarmaajoMohamed (Farmajo)
The current President is Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, who took office on 31 January 2009.
On 12 November 2010, Mohamed named a new Cabinet, as per the Transitional Federal Government's (TFG) Charter.

African Union

AUthe African UnionAfrica Union
Backed by the United Nations, the African Union, as well as the United States, the TFG battled Al Shabaab insurgents to assume full control of the southern part of the country.
Eritrea recalled its ambassadors to the African Union on 20 November 2009 after the African Union called on the United Nations Security Council to impose sanctions on them due to their alleged support of Somali Islamists attempting to topple the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia, the internationally recognised government of Somalia which holds Somalia's seat on the African Union.

Somali Police Force

Police ForcepoliceIllalo
In addition, a new police force was re-established to maintain law and order.
The police also established posts in all of the Transitional Federal Government-controlled districts of Mogadishu.

Al-Shabaab (militant group)

Al-ShabaabAl-ShababAl Shabaab
Backed by the United Nations, the African Union, as well as the United States, the TFG battled Al Shabaab insurgents to assume full control of the southern part of the country.
Al-Shabaab began as the armed wing of the Islamic Courts Union (ICU), which later splintered into several smaller factions after its defeat in 2006 by Somalia's Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and the TFG's Ethiopian military allies.

Somali National Television

SNTVSomalia National Television
The federal government has two main media outlets: Radio Mogadishu, the state-run radio station; and Somali National Television, the national television channel.
On March 18, 2011, the Ministry of Information of the Transitional Federal Government began experimental broadcasts of the new television channel.

Somali Armed Forces

Somali National ArmySomali ArmySomali military
The Transitional Federal Government's Ministry of Defense is officially responsible for the Somali National Army (SNA).
Eventually the leadership of the SRRC and the TNG were reconciled, and the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) was formed in 2004 by Somali politicians in Nairobi.

Somali Civil War (2009–present)

War in SomaliaSomali Civil WarWar in Somalia (2009-present)
With the help of a small team of African Union troops, the coalition government also began a counteroffensive in February 2009 to retake control of the southern half of the country.
Established in 2004 and internationally recognized, the Transitional Federal Government's (TFG) support in Somalia was waning until the United States-backed 2006 intervention by the Ethiopian military, which helped drive out the rival Islamic Courts Union (ICU) in Mogadishu and solidify the TFG's rule.

Transitional national government, Republic of Somalia

Transitional National GovernmentSomaliaTransitional National Charter
Succeeding the Transitional National Government (TNG), the TFG was the second interim administration aiming to restore national institutions to Somalia after the 1991 collapse of the Siad Barre regime and the ensuing civil war.
On October 10, 2004, legislators elected Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed as the first president of the transitional federal government (TFG), the TNG's successor.

Islamic Courts Union

Union of Islamic CourtsIslamic Court UnionICU
After an alliance with the Islamic Courts Union and other Islamist groups was formed, the Islamists were awarded 200 seats.
On 1 February 2009, the ICU faction leader, and chairman of the ARS Sharif Sheik Ahmed was elected the President of the Transitional Federal Government.

2012 Somali presidential election

2012 presidential elections2012 elections2012
The agreement would also see the mandates of the President, the Parliament Speaker and Deputies extended until August 2012, after which point new elections are to be organized, including a parliamentary vote-based presidential election.
The newly appointed Federal Parliament elected Hassan Sheikh Mohamud as the first President of Somalia since the dissolution of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG).

Omar Sharmarke

Omar Abdirashid Ali SharmarkeOmar Abdirashid Ali Shermarke
President Sharif shortly afterwards appointed Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, the son of slain former President Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, as the nation's new Prime Minister.
It was seen as a successful attempt to shore up support for the Transitional Federal Government both among the diaspora and within the country.

Ministry of Defence (Somalia)

Minister of DefenceMinister of DefenseDefense Minister
The Transitional Federal Government's Ministry of Defense is officially responsible for the Somali National Army (SNA).
However, the military of Somalia was later gradually reconstituted with the establishment of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in 2004.

Baidoa

BaidoraBaydhabo
The government then relocated to Villa Somalia in the capital from its interim location in Baidoa.
In 2005, the Southwestern State was officially dissolved after its leader Shatigadud had joined the Transitional Federal Parliament in November 2004 and later became Minister of Finance in January 2005 in the Transitional Federal Government (TFG), the TNG's successor.

Abdirashid Shermarke

Abdirashid Ali ShermarkeAbdirashid Ali SharmarkeA. A. Shermarke
President Sharif shortly afterwards appointed Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, the son of slain former President Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, as the nation's new Prime Minister.
In 1960, his son, Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, who would later become Prime Minister of the Somali Transitional Federal Government, was born.

Sharif Sheikh Ahmed

Sharif AhmedSheikh Sharif AhmedSheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed
Parliament was subsequently expanded to 550 seats to accommodate ARS members, which then elected Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, the former ARS chairman, to office.
Sharif Sheikh Ahmed (Shariif Sheekh Axmed, شريف شيخ أحمد; born 25 July 1964) served as president of the Transitional Federal Government between 2009 and 2012.