Transvaal Colony

TransvaalWestern TransvaalColony of TransvaalEastern TransvaalcolonyColony of the TransvaalPrime Minister of the Transvaalthe TransvaalTransvaal ColoniesTransvaal Territory
The Transvaal Colony was the name used to refer to the Transvaal region during the period of direct British rule and military occupation between the end of the Anglo-Boer War in 1902 when the South African Republic was dissolved, and the establishment of the Union of South Africa in 1910.wikipedia
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Union of South Africa

South AfricaUnionSouth African
The Transvaal Colony was the name used to refer to the Transvaal region during the period of direct British rule and military occupation between the end of the Anglo-Boer War in 1902 when the South African Republic was dissolved, and the establishment of the Union of South Africa in 1910.
It came into being on 31 May 1910 with the unification of the Cape Colony, the Natal Colony, the Transvaal, and the Orange River Colony.

South African Republic

TransvaalTransvaal RepublicZuid-Afrikaansche Republiek
The Transvaal Colony was the name used to refer to the Transvaal region during the period of direct British rule and military occupation between the end of the Anglo-Boer War in 1902 when the South African Republic was dissolved, and the establishment of the Union of South Africa in 1910. Both the Boer republics, the South African Republic (ZAR) and the Orange Free State were defeated in the Anglo-Boer War and surrendered to Britain.
After the war the territory of the ZAR became the Transvaal Colony.

Transvaal (province)

TransvaalTransvaal ProvinceNorthern Transvaal
In 1910 the entire territory became the Transvaal Province of the Union of South Africa.
The Transvaal Colony, which had been formed out of the bulk of the old South African Republic after the Second Boer War, became the Transvaal Province in the new union.

Het Volk (political party)

Het VolkHet Volk Party
The result of this people congress was the unification of the Boer political movement in the Transvaal into a new party called Het Volk in January 1905 by Louis Botha and Jan Smuts.
Het Volk was a Transvaal political party, established in May 1904 under the leadership of Louis Botha and his deputy Jan Smuts.

Treaty of Vereeniging

VereenigingTreaty of the Peace of Vereenigingconclusion of peace
The peace treaty (Treaty of Vereeniging) contained the following terms:
7) To eventually give the Transvaal and the Orange Free State self-government (civil government was granted in 1906 and 1907, respectively).

Political union

unionreunificationunification
The main issues discussed was whether the four colonies would become a country made up of a union or a federation.
Incorporating unions have been present throughout much of History such as the Acts of Union, 1707 between the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England creating Great Britain, in 1910 the colonies of the Cape of Good Hope, Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal were incorporated into the Union of South Africa, between the years of 1037 to 1479 Spain was in the process of Incorporating the Crown of Castile, Aragon, and Navarre into the Kingdom of Spain, though the process wasn't completed until 1716 (Aragon) and 1833 (Navarre), the Acts of Union 1800 united the Kingdom of Ireland and the Kingdom of Great Britain into the United Kingdom, in 1990 the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen united with Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) to form the Republic of Yemen, and in 1783 the Articles of Confederation were signed by each of the Thirteen Colonies, uniting them into the United States of America.

South Africa Act 1909

South Africa ActSouth Africa Act, 1909Act of Union of 1910
The results of the negotiations at the Convention became the draft South Africa Act which was released for viewing on 9 February 1909.
The South Africa Act 1909 was an Act of the British Parliament which created the Union of South Africa from the British colonies of the Cape of Good Hope, Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal.

Burgher (Boer republics)

burghersburgher
1) That all burghers of the ZAR and Orange Free State lay down their arms and accept King Edward VII as their sovereign.
Following the British victory in the latter and the Treaty of Vereeniging, the Free State and the Transvaal were annexed by Britain as the Orange River Colony and Transvaal Colony.

Joseph Chamberlain

ChamberlainJoseph The Right Honourable '''Joseph Chamberlain
As to the question of black enfranchisement, the views of British and Boers were similar with Alfred Milner stating in a speech in 1903, that he believed in white superiority and thought the black man was not ready to rule and had similarly persuaded the Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain to allow a future united white government to decide the question of the black franchise.
Chamberlain's scope for manoeuvre was restricted between 1880 and 1883 by the Cabinet's preoccupation with Ireland, Transvaal Colony and Egypt, but he was able to introduce the Grain Cargoes Bill, for the safer transportation of grain, an Electric Lighting Bill, enabling municipal corporations to establish electricity supplies, and a Seaman's Wages Bill, which ensured a fairer system of payment for seamen.

Orange River Colony

Orange Rivera British colonycolony
The colonies of the Transvaal, Orange River and Natal wanted no black enfranchisement while the Cape Colony wished to keep what limited enfranchisement it had for all other races.
In 1905 Lord Selborne, formerly First Lord of the Admiralty, replaced Viscount Milner as high commissioner for South Africa and governor of the Transvaal and Orange River colonies.

Louis Botha

BothaGeneral BothaGeneral Louis Botha
In 1903, three seats in the Transvaal Legislative council were offered to Louis Botha, Jan Smuts and Koos de la Rey, but they turned the British down.

History of South Africa

South AfricaSouth African historyBritish rule in South Africa
History of South Africa
Following the defeat of the Boers in the Anglo-Boer or South African War (1899–1902), the Union of South Africa was created as a dominion of the British Empire in terms of the South Africa Act 1909, which amalgamated the four previously separate British colonies: Cape Colony, Natal Colony, Transvaal Colony, and Orange River Colony.

South Africa

🇿🇦South AfricanRepublic of South Africa
The Union was a dominion that included the former territories of the Cape, Transvaal and Natal colonies, as well as the Orange Free State republic.

Second Boer War

Boer WarAnglo-Boer WarSouth African War
The Transvaal Colony was the name used to refer to the Transvaal region during the period of direct British rule and military occupation between the end of the Anglo-Boer War in 1902 when the South African Republic was dissolved, and the establishment of the Union of South Africa in 1910.

Boer

Boerstrekboerswhite farmers
Both the Boer republics, the South African Republic (ZAR) and the Orange Free State were defeated in the Anglo-Boer War and surrendered to Britain.

Orange Free State

Free StateOrange Free State RepublicRepublic of the Orange Free State
Both the Boer republics, the South African Republic (ZAR) and the Orange Free State were defeated in the Anglo-Boer War and surrendered to Britain.

Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner

Lord MilnerAlfred MilnerSir Alfred Milner
The political issue faced depended on what side of politics you stood on. The existing British administrators under Alfred Milner wished to anglicise the population through two main means.

Dutch language

DutchDutch-languagenl
5) That High Dutch be taught in schools and that the use of the Dutch language will be allowed in law courts.

Scorched earth

scorched-earthscorched earth policyscorched earth tactics
As the British followed a scorched earth policy in the Transvaal, Boer lands, stock and farms had been destroyed.

Pound sterling

£poundspounds sterling
The British administrators set out to place most Boer farmers back on their land by March 1903 with nineteen million pounds spent on war damages, grants and loans.

Johannesburg

Johannesburg, South AfricaJohannesburg, GautengJohannesburg WCT
By the end of 1901, gold mining finally resumed on the Rand around Johannesburg, having virtually stopped since 1899.

Minerals Council South Africa

Chamber of MinesChamber of Mines of South Africa
Unskilled white labour was ruled out as their wages would be too high for the work done, so the mining magnates and their Chamber of Mines in 1903, sought alternative labour in the form of cheap Chinese workers.

Witwatersrand

Randthe RandReef
By 1906, the gold mines of the Witwatersrand were in full production and by 1907, South African gold mines represented thirty two percent of the worlds gold output.

Jan Smuts

SmutsGeneral SmutsJan Christiaan Smuts
In 1903, three seats in the Transvaal Legislative council were offered to Louis Botha, Jan Smuts and Koos de la Rey, but they turned the British down.

Koos de la Rey

De la ReyGeneral De la ReyGeneral Koos de la Rey
In 1903, three seats in the Transvaal Legislative council were offered to Louis Botha, Jan Smuts and Koos de la Rey, but they turned the British down.