Treaty of Ried

Bavaria's switching of sidesformer ally Bavaria
The Treaty of Ried of 8 October 1813 was a treaty that was signed between the Kingdom of Bavaria and Austrian Empire.wikipedia
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Kingdom of Bavaria

BavariaBavarianKing of Bavaria
The Treaty of Ried of 8 October 1813 was a treaty that was signed between the Kingdom of Bavaria and Austrian Empire.
With the Treaty of Ried of 8 October 1813 Bavaria left the Confederation of the Rhine and agreed to join the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon in exchange for a guarantee of her continued sovereign and independent status.

Karl Philipp von Wrede

WredePrince WredeCarl Philipp von Wrede
The treaty was passionately backed by the Crown Prince Louis and by Marshal von Wrede.
He was an ally of Napoleonic France until he negotiated the Treaty of Ried with Austria in 1813.

War of the Sixth Coalition

Sixth CoalitionWar of LiberationSecond War against Napoleon
By this treaty, Bavaria left the Confederation of the Rhine which was allied with Napoleon, and agreed to join the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon in exchange for a guarantee of her continued sovereign and independent status.
Napoleon defeated an army of his former ally Bavaria at the Battle of Hanau (30–31 October 1813) before pulling what was left of his forces back into France.

Ludwig I of Bavaria

Ludwig IKing Ludwig IKing Ludwig I of Bavaria
The treaty was passionately backed by the Crown Prince Louis and by Marshal von Wrede.
With the Treaty of Ried of 8 October 1813 Bavaria left the Confederation of the Rhine and agreed to join the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon in exchange for a guarantee of her continued sovereign and independent status.

Battle of Leipzig

LeipzigBattle of the NationsBattle of Nations
The enactment of the treaty broke Napoleon's supply lines, and two weeks later he was defeated at the Battle of Leipzig.
Thinly-stretched supply lines spanning now somewhat hostile Rhineland German lands, coupled with Bavaria's switching of sides to the Coalition just eight days prior to the battle, made it almost impossible to replace his army's losses of 150,000 men, 300 guns and 50,000 sick.

Austrian Empire

AustrianAustriaAustrians
The Treaty of Ried of 8 October 1813 was a treaty that was signed between the Kingdom of Bavaria and Austrian Empire.

Confederation of the Rhine

StateGermanyRheinbund
By this treaty, Bavaria left the Confederation of the Rhine which was allied with Napoleon, and agreed to join the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon in exchange for a guarantee of her continued sovereign and independent status.

Napoleon

Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon INapoleon I of France
By this treaty, Bavaria left the Confederation of the Rhine which was allied with Napoleon, and agreed to join the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon in exchange for a guarantee of her continued sovereign and independent status.

First French Empire

French EmpireFranceFrench
On 14 October, Bavaria made a formal declaration of war against Napoleonic France.

Klemens von Metternich

MetternichPrince MetternichPrince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich
The treaty was drafted by Klemens von Metternich who assembled the German partners in the Sixth Coalition.

German nationalism

German nationalistGerman nationalistsnationalist
By separating Bavaria from the Confederation of the Rhine, Metternich checked the ambitions of German nationalists such as Baron von Stein, who had been aiming to use the fall of Napoleon to create a pan-German state.

Heinrich Friedrich Karl vom und zum Stein

SteinBaron vom SteinFreiherr vom Stein
By separating Bavaria from the Confederation of the Rhine, Metternich checked the ambitions of German nationalists such as Baron von Stein, who had been aiming to use the fall of Napoleon to create a pan-German state.

October 8

8 October88th October

Battle of Hanau

Hanau
The coalition was buoyed by the news that Bavaria, a former French ally, agreed to join the Sixth Coalition according to the Treaty of Ried concluded just before the Battle of Leipzig.

Ried im Innkreis

RiedRied (Innkreis)The Schwanthaler Family of Ried im Innkreis
With the Treaty of Ried, Bavaria changed sides on 8 October 1813 and joined the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon.

France–Germany relations

Franco-GermanFranco-German relationsFranco-German cooperation
With the decline of the First French Empire Bavaria opted to switch sides on 8 October 1813 and left the French alliance in favour of an Austrian one through the Treaty of Ried.

Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria

Maximilian IMaximilian I JosephMaximilian Joseph
The new King of Bavaria was the most important of the princes belonging to the Confederation of the Rhine, and remained Napoleon's ally until the eve of the Battle of Leipzig, when by the Treaty of Ried (8 October 1813) he made the guarantee of the integrity of his kingdom the price of his joining the Allies.

List of treaties

declaration of friendship and co-operationtreatiestreaty

History of Bavaria

BavariaBavarianBavarian history
The events of 1812 followed; in 1813 Bavaria was summoned to join the alliance against Napoleon, the demand being passionately backed by the crown prince Louis and by Marshal Wrede; on 8 October the treaty of Ried was signed, by which Bavaria threw in her lot with the Allies.

Prince Heinrich XV of Reuss-Plauen

Heinrich XV, Prince of Reuss-PlauenPrince Reuss-Plauenthe Prince of Reuss
On 8 October, he signed the Treaty of Ried with Karl Philipp von Wrede, which resulted in the Kingdom of Bavaria switching sides and joining the allies against Napoleon.