Treaty of Vereeniging

VereenigingTreaty of the Peace of Vereenigingconclusion of peacepeace negotiationsPeace Treaty negotiations in VereenigingPeace Treaty of VereenigingVereeniging Peace Treaty
The Treaty of Vereeniging (commonly referred to as Peace of Vereeniging) was the peace treaty, signed on 31 May 1902, that ended the Second Boer War between the South African Republic and the Republic of the Orange Free State, on the one side, and the United Kingdom on the other.wikipedia
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Second Boer War

Boer WarAnglo-Boer WarSouth African War
The Treaty of Vereeniging (commonly referred to as Peace of Vereeniging) was the peace treaty, signed on 31 May 1902, that ended the Second Boer War between the South African Republic and the Republic of the Orange Free State, on the one side, and the United Kingdom on the other.
The war ended in surrender and British terms with the Treaty of Vereeniging in May 1902.

Orange Free State

Free StateOrange Free State RepublicRepublic of the Orange Free State
The Treaty of Vereeniging (commonly referred to as Peace of Vereeniging) was the peace treaty, signed on 31 May 1902, that ended the Second Boer War between the South African Republic and the Republic of the Orange Free State, on the one side, and the United Kingdom on the other. 7) To eventually give the Transvaal and the Orange Free State self-government (civil government was granted in 1906 and 1907, respectively).
It ceased to exist as an independent Boer republic on 31 May 1902 with the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging at the conclusion of the Second Anglo-Boer War.

South African Republic

TransvaalTransvaal RepublicZuid-Afrikaansche Republiek
The Treaty of Vereeniging (commonly referred to as Peace of Vereeniging) was the peace treaty, signed on 31 May 1902, that ended the Second Boer War between the South African Republic and the Republic of the Orange Free State, on the one side, and the United Kingdom on the other.
On 31 May 1902, the Treaty of Vereeniging was signed with the government of the South African Republic, the Orange Free State government, and the British government, ending the war, and converted the ZAR into the Transvaal Colony.

Pretoria

Pretoria, GautengPretoria, South AfricaSilverton
On 12 April, a ten-man Boer delegation went to Melrose House in Pretoria and met General Kitchener bringing with them a seven-point proposal for a treaty of friendship.
The city surrendered to British forces under Frederick Roberts on 5 June 1900 and the conflict was ended in Pretoria with the signing of the Peace of Vereeniging on 31 May 1902 at Melrose House.

Louis Botha

BothaGeneral BothaGeneral Louis Botha
Present were Marthinus Steyn, Free State president and Schalk Burger acting Transvaal president with the Boer generals Louis Botha, Jan Smuts, Christiaan de Wet and Koos de la Rey and they would discuss the progress of the war and whether negotiations should be opened with the British.
Botha was a representative of his countrymen in the peace negotiations of 1902, and was signatory to the Treaty of Vereeniging.

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

Lord KitchenerKitchenerHerbert Kitchener
On 12 April, a ten-man Boer delegation went to Melrose House in Pretoria and met General Kitchener bringing with them a seven-point proposal for a treaty of friendship.
The Treaty of Vereeniging, ending the War, was signed in May 1902 following a tense six months.

Schalk Willem Burger

Schalk BurgerBurgerPresident Schalk Burger
Present were Marthinus Steyn, Free State president and Schalk Burger acting Transvaal president with the Boer generals Louis Botha, Jan Smuts, Christiaan de Wet and Koos de la Rey and they would discuss the progress of the war and whether negotiations should be opened with the British.
Burger remained president until the Treaty of Vereeniging on 31 May 1902.

Martinus Theunis Steyn

SteynPresident SteynM.T. Steyn
Present were Marthinus Steyn, Free State president and Schalk Burger acting Transvaal president with the Boer generals Louis Botha, Jan Smuts, Christiaan de Wet and Koos de la Rey and they would discuss the progress of the war and whether negotiations should be opened with the British.
Regarded as one of the most irreconcilable of the Boer leaders, he took part, however, in the preliminary peace negotiations at Klerksdorp in April 1902 but was prevented by illness from signing the Treaty of Vereeniging at Pretoria on 31 May 1902.

Vereeniging

Vaal River BridgeDe DeurThree Rivers
On 15 May, the commandos elected 30 delegates from each pre-war republic and they met at Vereeniging.
The city is the location where the Treaty of Vereeniging ending the Second Boer War (1899–1902) was negotiated by the delegates of the South African Republic, Orange Free State and the British Empire.

Transvaal Colony

TransvaalWestern TransvaalColony of Transvaal
7) To eventually give the Transvaal and the Orange Free State self-government (civil government was granted in 1906 and 1907, respectively).
The peace treaty (Treaty of Vereeniging) contained the following terms:

Christiaan de Wet

De WetGeneral Christiaan de WetGeneral de Wet
Present were Marthinus Steyn, Free State president and Schalk Burger acting Transvaal president with the Boer generals Louis Botha, Jan Smuts, Christiaan de Wet and Koos de la Rey and they would discuss the progress of the war and whether negotiations should be opened with the British.
De Wet was one of the signatories of the Treaty of Vereeniging.

Koos de la Rey

De la ReyGeneral De la ReyGeneral Koos de la Rey
Present were Marthinus Steyn, Free State president and Schalk Burger acting Transvaal president with the Boer generals Louis Botha, Jan Smuts, Christiaan de Wet and Koos de la Rey and they would discuss the progress of the war and whether negotiations should be opened with the British.
The belligerents signed the Treaty of Vereeniging on 31 May 1902.

Melrose House

On 12 April, a ten-man Boer delegation went to Melrose House in Pretoria and met General Kitchener bringing with them a seven-point proposal for a treaty of friendship.
The use of the house as a military headquarters ended when the Treaty of Vereeniging, which ended the war, was signed there on 31 May 1902.

Jan Smuts in the Boer War

Jan Smuts in the Boer War
This article is about Jan Smuts' role in the Second Boer War, from the outbreak of war in 1899 until the Treaty of Vereeniging in 1902.

Boer Republics

Boer RepublicrepublicBoer
The Boer Republics agreed to come under the sovereignty of the British Crown and the British government agreed on various details including the following:
In this war, the Transvaal and Orange Free State were defeated and annexed by the overwhelmingly larger British forces, ceasing to exist on 31 May 1902, with the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging.

Pretoria Convention

Pretoria Convention of 1881regains independence
Pretoria Convention
* Treaty of Vereeniging

Boer

Boerstrekboerswhite farmers
Subsequent to the British government giving the Boer colonies self-government, the Union of South Africa was created on 31 May 1910.
They contend that the Boers of the South African Republic (ZAR) and Orange Free State republics were recognised as a separate people or cultural group under international law by the Sand River Convention (which created the South African Republic in 1852), the Bloemfontein Convention (which created the Orange Free State Republic in 1854), the Pretoria Convention (which re-established the independence of the South African Republic 1881), the London Convention (which granted the full independence to the South African Republic in 1884), and the Vereeniging Peace Treaty, which formally ended the Second Anglo-Boer War on 31 May 1902.

History of South Africa

South AfricaSouth African historyBritish rule in South Africa
History of South Africa
In terms of the peace agreement known as the Treaty of Vereeniging, the Boer republics acknowledged British sovereignty, while the British in turn committed themselves to reconstruction of the areas under their control.

J. B. M. Hertzog

J.B.M. HertzogHertzogJames Barry Munnik Hertzog
Eventually, convinced of the futility of further bloodshed, he signed the May 1902 Treaty of Vereeniging.

Military history of South Africa

Boer WarSecond Boer WarAnglo-Boer War
Military history of South Africa
The last of the Boer forces surrendered in May 1902 and the war ended with the Treaty of Vereeniging in the same month.

Francis William Reitz

F. W. ReitzF.W. ReitzPresident F. W. Reitz
Francis William Reitz
In May of that year, Reitz took an active part in the peace negotiations with the British, and he was one of the signatories of the Treaty of Vereeniging, signed in Pretoria on 31 May 1902.

Johannes Christoffel Krogh

Johannes C. Krogh
He was also one of the Boer signatories to the "Treaty of the Peace of Vereeniging", signed on 31 May 1902 at 11:05 in Melrose House, Pretoria, that formally ended the Anglo-Boer War.

Peace treaty

peace agreementpeace treatiespeace
The Treaty of Vereeniging (commonly referred to as Peace of Vereeniging) was the peace treaty, signed on 31 May 1902, that ended the Second Boer War between the South African Republic and the Republic of the Orange Free State, on the one side, and the United Kingdom on the other.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

United KingdomBritishUK
The Treaty of Vereeniging (commonly referred to as Peace of Vereeniging) was the peace treaty, signed on 31 May 1902, that ended the Second Boer War between the South African Republic and the Republic of the Orange Free State, on the one side, and the United Kingdom on the other.

British Empire

BritishEmpireBritain
This settlement provided for the end of hostilities and eventual self-government to the Transvaal (South African Republic) and the Orange Free State as colonies of the United Kingdom.