Treaty of Westminster (1674)

Treaty of WestminsterTreaty of Westminster of 1674Second Treaty of Westminster1674 Treaty of Westminsterconclusion of peaceEngland to retire from the warprior concessionSecond Peace of WestminsterTreaty of Westminster in 1674Treaty to Westminster
The Treaty of Westminster of 1674 was the peace treaty that ended the Third Anglo-Dutch War.wikipedia
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New Netherland

New NetherlandsDutchNieuw-Nederland
Signed by the Netherlands and England, it provided for the return of the colony of New Netherland (New York) to England and renewed the Treaty of Breda of 1667.
In 1673, the Dutch retook the area but relinquished it under the Treaty of Westminster (1674), ending the Third Anglo-Dutch War the next year.

Third Anglo-Dutch War

Third Dutch WarDutch WarThird
The Treaty of Westminster of 1674 was the peace treaty that ended the Third Anglo-Dutch War.
The Second Peace of Westminster largely confirmed the situation as it was before the war.

Franco-Dutch War

Dutch WarFranco–Dutch WarFrench
In 1672, England and France had jointly attacked the Dutch Republic.
The period of English participation as an ally of France is also known as the Third Anglo-Dutch War; the alliance was always unpopular and domestic opposition led to its exit in the February 1674 Treaty of Westminster.

Louis XIV of France

Louis XIVKing Louis XIVKing Louis XIV of France
England was forced to sign the treaty as Parliament would not allow more money to be spent on the war and had become aware of the secret Treaty of Dover in which Charles had promised Louis XIV of France to convert to Catholicism at an opportune moment.
The French alliance was deeply unpopular in England, who made peace with the Dutch in the February 1674 Treaty of Westminster.

William III of England

William IIIWilliam of OrangeKing William III
Some called for William III of Orange, the stadtholder of Holland and grandson of Charles I of England, to become king, should Charles die, by exclusion of the Catholic York.
Although Louis took Maastricht and William's attack against Charleroi failed, Lieutenant-Admiral Michiel de Ruyter defeated the Anglo-French fleet three times, forcing Charles to end England's involvement by the Treaty of Westminster; after 1673, France slowly withdrew from Dutch territory (with the exception of Maastricht), while making gains elsewhere.

Secret Treaty of Dover

Treaty of Dovercompactsecret treaty with France
England was forced to sign the treaty as Parliament would not allow more money to be spent on the war and had become aware of the secret Treaty of Dover in which Charles had promised Louis XIV of France to convert to Catholicism at an opportune moment.
In 1674, largely because of pressure put upon Charles by Parliament, England signed the Treaty of Westminster ending their involvement in the third Anglo-Dutch War.

New Amsterdam

Nieuw AmsterdamNew OrangeDutch
The English were dismayed by the unexpected fact that Dutch raiders managed to capture more English ships than vice versa and that New Amsterdam had been retaken by the Dutch in 1673.
After the signing of the Treaty of Westminster in November 1674, the city was relinquished to the English and the name reverted to "New York".

List of treaties

declaration of friendship and co-operationtreatiestreaty

Peace treaty

peace agreementpeace treatiespeace
The Treaty of Westminster of 1674 was the peace treaty that ended the Third Anglo-Dutch War.

Kingdom of England

EnglandEnglishAnglo
Signed by the Netherlands and England, it provided for the return of the colony of New Netherland (New York) to England and renewed the Treaty of Breda of 1667.

Treaty of Breda (1667)

Treaty of BredaPeace of Breda1667 Treaty of Breda
Signed by the Netherlands and England, it provided for the return of the colony of New Netherland (New York) to England and renewed the Treaty of Breda of 1667.

Old Style and New Style dates

O.S.Old StyleNew Style
It was signed on 19 February 1674 (Old Style: 9 February 1674) by Charles II of England and ratified by the States General of the Netherlands on 5 March 1674.

Charles II of England

Charles IIKing Charles IIKing Charles II of England
It was signed on 19 February 1674 (Old Style: 9 February 1674) by Charles II of England and ratified by the States General of the Netherlands on 5 March 1674.

States General of the Netherlands

States GeneralStates-GeneralStates-General of the Netherlands
It was signed on 19 February 1674 (Old Style: 9 February 1674) by Charles II of England and ratified by the States General of the Netherlands on 5 March 1674.

Michiel de Ruyter

De RuyterAdmiral de RuyterMichiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter
France had occupied a large part of the Republic but the Anglo-French fleet had been heavily damaged by Lieutenant-Admiral Michiel de Ruyter.

Dutch Republic

United ProvincesDutchNetherlands
Signed by the Netherlands and England, it provided for the return of the colony of New Netherland (New York) to England and renewed the Treaty of Breda of 1667. In 1672, England and France had jointly attacked the Dutch Republic.

Spanish Netherlands

NetherlandsSpanishLow Countries
France threatened to conquer the Spanish Netherlands, which would harm English strategic interests.

Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
The English nation had also been convinced by Dutch propaganda that the war was part of a plot to make their country Roman Catholic again.

Prince Rupert of the Rhine

Prince RupertRupert of the RhineRupert
The commander of the Royal Navy, Prince Rupert of the Rhine, a devout Protestant, had begun to lead a vociferous movement aimed at breaking the French alliance.

James II of England

James IIKing James IIJames, Duke of York
The proposed marriage of the king's brother, the Duke of York, with the Catholic Mary of Modena was lamented.

Mary of Modena

Queen MaryMaria Beatrice d'EsteDuchess of York
The proposed marriage of the king's brother, the Duke of York, with the Catholic Mary of Modena was lamented.

Anglicanism

AnglicanAnglican ChurchAnglicans
Parliament demanded securities for the defence of the Anglican Church against papism, the disbanding of the standing army, commanded by York, and removal of pro-French ministers.

Papist

poperypopishPapists
Parliament demanded securities for the defence of the Anglican Church against papism, the disbanding of the standing army, commanded by York, and removal of pro-French ministers.

Privy council

Privy CouncillorPrivy CounsellorPC
When the situation threatened to escalate, Charles, on advice of the French envoy but against the opinion of the Privy Council, prorogued Parliament.

Dutch East Indies

Netherlands East IndiesDutch IndiesDutch
He made plans to capture the regular treasure fleet sailing from the Dutch East Indies.