Triboelectric effect

triboelectrictribochargingtriboelectricitytriboelectric chargetriboelectric chargingtriboelectric seriestriboelectrificationbuild-up of static electricelectrostatic properties of amberelectrostatically charged
The triboelectric effect (also known as triboelectric charging) is a type of contact electrification on which certain materials become electrically charged after they are separated from a different material with which there were into contact.wikipedia
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Contact electrification

contact tensioncontact potentialcontact electricity
The triboelectric effect (also known as triboelectric charging) is a type of contact electrification on which certain materials become electrically charged after they are separated from a different material with which there were into contact.
Although it was later found that these effects were caused by different physical processes - triboelectricity, the Volta effect, differing work functions of metals, and others - at the time they were all thought to be caused by a common 'contact electrification' process.

Static electricity

staticstatic chargestatic electric
Most everyday static electricity is triboelectric.
This is known as the triboelectric effect and results in one material becoming positively charged and the other negatively charged.

Electric charge

chargechargedelectrical charge
The triboelectric effect (also known as triboelectric charging) is a type of contact electrification on which certain materials become electrically charged after they are separated from a different material with which there were into contact.
This property derives from the triboelectric effect.

Electricity

electricalelectricelectrically
The word "electricity" is derived from William Gilbert's initial coinage, "electra", which originates in the Greek word for amber, '. The prefix ' (Greek for ‘rub’) refers to ‘friction’, as in tribology.
While this method, now known as the triboelectric effect, can lift light objects and generate sparks, it is extremely inefficient.

Friction

coefficient of frictionstatic frictionfriction coefficient
Amber, for example, can acquire an electric charge by contact and separation (or friction) with a material like wool.
Triboelectric effect

Polyethylene

polythenePEpolyethene
It offers good electrical treeing resistance; however, it becomes easily electrostatically charged (which can be reduced by additions of graphite, carbon black or antistatic agents).

Antistatic agent

antistaticanti-staticantistatic coating
Dust attraction may be reduced by treating insulating surfaces with an antistatic cleaning agent.
Static charge may be generated by the triboelectric effect or by a non-contact process using a high voltage power source.

Static discharger

static dischargerslightning discharge wick
The static can be discharged with static dischargers or static wicks.
Precipitation static is an electrical charge on an airplane caused by flying through rain, snow, ice, or dust particles.

Ebonite

hard rubbervulcaniteEbonite rubber
It is also commonly used in physics classrooms to demonstrate static electricity, because it is at or near the negative end of the triboelectric series.

Van de Graaff generator

Van de GraaffTandem Van de Graaff acceleratorVan de Graaff Generators
Van de Graaff generator
The method of charging is based on the triboelectric effect, such that simple contact of dissimilar materials causes the transfer of some electrons from one material to the other.

Electrophorus

electrophore
Electrophorus
The dielectric plate is first charged through the triboelectric effect by rubbing it with fur or cloth.

Electrostatic discharge materials

ESD materials
Anti-static materials are generally referred to as any material which inhibits triboelectric charging.

Xerography

xerographicelectrophotographyxerographed
Xerography
The carrier particles have a coating which, during agitation, generates a triboelectric charge (a form of static electricity), which attracts a coating of toner particles.

Electrical phenomena

electrical activityelectrical
Electrical phenomena
Triboelectric effect — Type of contact electrification in which objects become electrically charged after coming into contact and are then separated.

Electrical polarity

polaritypositivenegative
The polarity and strength of the charges produced differ according to the materials, surface roughness, temperature, strain, and other properties.

Amber

amber fossilresiniteamber inclusion
Amber, for example, can acquire an electric charge by contact and separation (or friction) with a material like wool.

Wool

fleecewool tradefleeces
Amber, for example, can acquire an electric charge by contact and separation (or friction) with a material like wool.

Thales of Miletus

ThalesThales NederlandThalis
This property was first recorded by Thales of Miletus.

William Gilbert (astronomer)

William GilbertGilbert, WilliamGilbert
The word "electricity" is derived from William Gilbert's initial coinage, "electra", which originates in the Greek word for amber, '. The prefix ' (Greek for ‘rub’) refers to ‘friction’, as in tribology.

Greek language

GreekAncient GreekModern Greek
The word "electricity" is derived from William Gilbert's initial coinage, "electra", which originates in the Greek word for amber, '. The prefix ' (Greek for ‘rub’) refers to ‘friction’, as in tribology.

Tribology

tribologicaltribologisttribologically
The word "electricity" is derived from William Gilbert's initial coinage, "electra", which originates in the Greek word for amber, '. The prefix ' (Greek for ‘rub’) refers to ‘friction’, as in tribology.

Glass

silicate glassvitreousglassmaker
Other examples of materials that can acquire a significant charge when rubbed together include glass rubbed with silk, and hard rubber rubbed with fur.

Silk

silk weavingsilk industrysilk manufacturer
Other examples of materials that can acquire a significant charge when rubbed together include glass rubbed with silk, and hard rubber rubbed with fur.

Natural rubber

rubbercaoutchoucindia rubber
Other examples of materials that can acquire a significant charge when rubbed together include glass rubbed with silk, and hard rubber rubbed with fur.

Fur

pelageguard hairpelt
Other examples of materials that can acquire a significant charge when rubbed together include glass rubbed with silk, and hard rubber rubbed with fur.