Triboelectric effect

triboelectrictriboelectricitytribochargingtriboelectric seriestriboelectrificationtriboelectric chargetriboelectric chargingbuild-up of static electricelectrostatic properties of amberelectrostatically charged
The triboelectric effect (also known as triboelectric charging) is a type of contact electrification on which certain materials become electrically charged after they are separated from a different material with which they were in contact.wikipedia
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Contact electrification

Contact tensionVolta effectcontact potential
The triboelectric effect (also known as triboelectric charging) is a type of contact electrification on which certain materials become electrically charged after they are separated from a different material with which they were in contact.
Although it was later found that these effects were caused by different physical processes - triboelectricity, the Volta effect, differing work functions of metals, and others - at the time they were all thought to be caused by a common 'contact electrification' process.

Static electricity

static chargestaticstatic electric
Most everyday static electricity is triboelectric.
This is known as the triboelectric effect and results in one material becoming positively charged and the other negatively charged.

Electric charge

chargeelectrical chargecharged
The triboelectric effect (also known as triboelectric charging) is a type of contact electrification on which certain materials become electrically charged after they are separated from a different material with which they were in contact.
This property derives from the triboelectric effect.

Electricity

electricalelectricelectrically
The word "electricity" is derived from William Gilbert's initial coinage, "electra", which originates in the Greek word for amber, .
While this method, now known as the triboelectric effect, can lift light objects and generate sparks, it is extremely inefficient.

Friction

coefficient of frictionstatic frictionfriction coefficient
Amber, for example, can acquire an electric charge by contact and separation (or friction) with a material like wool.

Polyethylene

polythenePEpolyethene
It offers good electrical treeing resistance; however, it becomes easily electrostatically charged (which can be reduced by additions of graphite, carbon black or antistatic agents).

Antistatic agent

antistaticanti-staticantistatic coating
Dust attraction may be reduced by treating insulating surfaces with an antistatic cleaning agent.
Static charge may be generated by the triboelectric effect or by a non-contact process using a high voltage power source.

Static discharger

static dischargersStatic discharge wickstatic electricity dischargers
The static can be discharged with static dischargers or static wicks.
Precipitation static is an electrical charge on an airplane caused by flying through rain, snow, ice, or dust particles.

Ebonite

hard rubbervulcaniteEbonite rubber
It is also commonly used in physics classrooms to demonstrate static electricity, because it is at or near the negative end of the triboelectric series.

Van de Graaff generator

Van de GraaffVan de Graaff acceleratorTandem Van de Graaff accelerator
The method of charging is based on the triboelectric effect, such that simple contact of dissimilar materials causes the transfer of some electrons from one material to the other.

Electrophorus

electrophore
The dielectric plate is first charged through the triboelectric effect by rubbing it with fur or cloth.

Electrostatic discharge materials

ESD materials
Anti-static materials are generally referred to as any material which inhibits triboelectric charging.

Xerography

xerographicelectrophotographyxerographed
The carrier particles have a coating which, during agitation, generates a triboelectric charge (a form of static electricity), which attracts a coating of toner particles.

Electrical phenomena

electrical activityExamples of electrical phenomenaelectrical

Electrical polarity

polaritypositivenegative
The polarity and strength of the charges produced differ according to the materials, surface roughness, temperature, strain, and other properties.

Amber

Burmese amberamber fossilresinite
Amber, for example, can acquire an electric charge by contact and separation (or friction) with a material like wool.

Wool

fleecewool tradefleeces
Amber, for example, can acquire an electric charge by contact and separation (or friction) with a material like wool.

Thales of Miletus

ThalesThalisThales Avionics
This property was first recorded by Thales of Miletus.

William Gilbert (physician)

William GilbertGilbert, WilliamWilliam Gilbert (astronomer)
The word "electricity" is derived from William Gilbert's initial coinage, "electra", which originates in the Greek word for amber, .

Greek language

GreekAncient GreekModern Greek
The word "electricity" is derived from William Gilbert's initial coinage, "electra", which originates in the Greek word for amber, .

Tribology

tribologicaltribologisttribologically
The prefix (Greek for ‘rub’) refers to ‘friction’, as in tribology.

Glass

glassmakersilicate glassvitreous
Other examples of materials that can acquire a significant charge when rubbed together include glass rubbed with silk, and hard rubber rubbed with fur.

Silk

silk weavingsilk industrysilken
Other examples of materials that can acquire a significant charge when rubbed together include glass rubbed with silk, and hard rubber rubbed with fur.

Natural rubber

rubberIndia rubbercaoutchouc
Other examples of materials that can acquire a significant charge when rubbed together include glass rubbed with silk, and hard rubber rubbed with fur.

Fur

pelageguard hairpelt
Other examples of materials that can acquire a significant charge when rubbed together include glass rubbed with silk, and hard rubber rubbed with fur.