Truck classification

Class 1 Light duty Toyota Tacoma
Class 2 2001 Ford Excursion 4×4 (GVWR: {{convert|8600|lb|t}}
Class 3 Ford {{Nowrap|F-350}}
Class 4 2008 Ford {{Nowrap|F-450}} 4×4 pick-up truck (GVWR: {{convert|14500|lb|t}})
Class 5 2005 Chevy Kodiak 4×4 (GVWR: {{convert|17500|lb|t}})
Class 6 2002 Ford {{Nowrap|F-650}} in front (GVWR: {{gaps|26|000 lb)}}, 1989 Ford {{Nowrap|F-600}} in back (GVWR: {{convert|20200|lb|t}}
Class 7 Peterbilt 330 dump truck.
Class 8 Kenworth W900 tractor with spread-axle {{convert|48|ft|m|2|adj=on}} refrigerated trailer.
Western Star 6900XD tractor.

Truck classifications are typically based upon the maximum loaded weight of the truck, typically using the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) and sometimes also the gross trailer weight rating (GTWR), and can vary among jurisdictions.

- Truck classification

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Pickup truck

Ford F-150 Supercrew with tonneau, four doors, sidestep, and wind deflectors
A 1922 Ford Model T pickup
A 1961 International Travelette
A "Dually:" Ford F-350 with four rear wheels
1974 Dodge D200 with camper
Early compact Datsun Truck
1962 Volkswagen Type 2 with single cab over and a dropside bed.
1990 Suzuki Carry, a Kei truck
Songthaew conversion
Dually Chevrolet flatbed with dual wheels on the rear axle for improved towing.
The car-based coupé utility 2006 Holden Ute
Double cab Ford Ranger in French National Gendarmerie livery
Flat sided pickup truck showing wheel well intrusion into bed.

A pickup truck or pickup is a light-duty truck that has an enclosed cabin and an open cargo area with low sides and tailgate.


Unit of measure.

Recent specialized uses include the ton as a measure of energy and for truck classification.

Cab over

Body style of truck, bus, or van that has a vertical front, "flat face" or a semi-hood, with the cab of the truck sitting above (or forward of) the front axle.

Volvo FH cab-over lorry
The cab-over configuration is common for garbage trucks, as the short wheelbase allows a tight turning radius and the low cab height eases driver entry and exit.
Vintage COE: 1942 Chevrolet
Preserved International Harvester Metro Van in Portland, Oregon in 2012
The 1962 Sisu KB-112/117 was the first European serial produced truck with a hydraulically tiltable cabin, enabling easy access to the engine.
A Mack F series truck
Mercedes-Benz Actros semi-trailer truck
Tatra 813 Kolos 8x8 Drive Military Truck
Land Rover 101 Forward Control with radio-vehicle body

In Class 8 tractors (using the US designation), the cab-over design allows the vehicle's wheelbase to be shorter than in the conventional arrangement, wherein the engine is placed in front of the cab, covered by a horizontal or sloping hood that opens to allow engine access.

Box truck

Chassis cab truck with an enclosed cuboid-shaped cargo area.

Chevrolet box truck
UPS Freight box truck
1933 Bedford two-ton Luton van.
A Ford Transit van with Luton body

Box trucks are typically 10 - 26 ft in length and can range from Class 3 to Class 7 (12,500 lb. to 33,000 lb. gross vehicle weight rating).

Truck driver

Person who earns a living as the driver of a truck, which is commonly defined as a large goods vehicle (LGV) or heavy goods vehicle (HGV) (usually a semi truck, box truck or dump truck).

A truck driver at work
A Nissan Diesel trucker in Hong Kong
An Isuzu Records Management truck
A container truck (cab-over design)
A trucker and his vehicle.
A sign for truckers reminding them to stay off the parkway.
A tanker truck.
A sign in the US warning truck drivers to stay off a certain route.
Truckers bedded down for the night in the UK.
A Volvo FH12 truck.
A bobtail truck tractor
Australian police vehicle, nicknamed a "candy car", with one of several checkerboard designs
A Volvo F12 truck.
Truck drivers have been widely portrayed in the culture of the United States

The United States employs a truck classification system, and truck drivers are required to have a commercial driver's license (CDL) to operate a CMV with a gross vehicle weight rating in excess of 26,000 pounds.

Coolidge, Arizona

City in Pinal County, Arizona, United States.

Main street of Coolidge on a Saturday afternoon during cotton harvest (ca. 1922–1953)

In 2019, Nikola Motor Company purchased 389 acres in Coolidge and operates a factory for zero-emissions heavy trucks, with a production capacity of 2,500 trucks per year.

Cummins B Series engine

Family of diesel engines produced by American manufacturer Cummins.

6.7 Euro 4 / 4+
5.9L 6BT Cummins in 1991 Dodge RAM with the valve covers removed exposing the valvetrain
5.9 Cummins Common rail fuel injection system
6.7 Demo

After 1989, the 6BT engine was used in light duty, medium duty and select heavy duty trucks and buses.

Allison Transmission

American manufacturer of commercial duty automatic transmissions and hybrid propulsion systems.

Allison V-1710
Detroit Diesel 6V71 with Allison V-Drive transmission in an AC Transit GM New Look bus
Cutaway view of 3rd-gen (WT) MD3060
Combined hybrid vehicle structure

Allison markets its transmissions by vocational series according to the intended use; for example, the Tractor Series is sold for and installed in Class 8 tractors, while the Motorhome Series is marketed to manufacturers of recreational vehicles.


Medically equipped vehicle which transports patients to treatment facilities, such as hospitals.

Fiat Ducato ambulance in Great Britain
Queen Elizabeth II (then Princess) next to British Army ambulance in 1945
Early car-based ambulances, like this 1948 Cadillac Meteor, were sometimes also used as hearses.
Fire Dept of New York ambulance, 1949
A modern American ambulance built on the chassis of a Ford F-450 truck, with extensive external storage
Many modern Canadian and European ambulances are built on the Mercedes-Benz Sprinter chassis. Some, like this Niagara Region example, use custom rear compartments.
Patient being loaded into a medical helicopter
Golf Cart converted into an ambulance
Van-based Volkswagen Crafter in Czech Republic
U.S. Type 1 ambulance in Columbus, Ohio using a pre-built modular box system
Truck-based ambulance in Antwerp, Belgium
Interior of a mobile intensive care unit (MICU) ambulance from Graz, Austria
Four stages of deployment on an inboard ambulance tail lift
An ambulance in New South Wales, Australia with warped Battenburg markings, The Maltese Cross and additional fluorescent reflective stripes to aid in visbility. Ample emergency lighting has also been fitted
An ambulance in Denmark with roof-integrated LED lights, plus side-view mirror, grill and front fend-off lights, and fog lamps wig-wags
A St. John Ambulance responding through traffic in New Zealand
An ambulance from St John Ambulance WA in Perth
A volunteer ambulance crew in Modena, Italy
A city fire service ambulance from the Tokyo Fire Department.
Non-acute patient transport ambulance from New Zealand.
Various ambulance crews help to load a patient into an air ambulance in Pretoria
An RMMV Survivor R in ambulance configuration.
An URO VAMTAC ambulance of the Spanish Army emblazoned with the Red Cross
1917 Red Cross ambulance
USNS Mercy, a U.S. Navy hospital ship
Retired ambulances may find reuse in less-demanding emergency services, such as this Ford E-Series former ambulance that has become a logistics unit.
Ambulance in Switzerland
New York City Fire Department
Toyota HiAce Commuter ambulance in Malaysia
A van bodied ambulance built for the Abu Dhabi National Ambulance
Audi A4 Avant fly-car in Germany
A paramedic bike in London
In large, congested cities, paramedics may travel by bicycle, such as this one of the London Ambulance Service
An air ambulance in Austria
An air ambulance in Australia
A water ambulance in the Scilly Isles
Norwegian boat ambulance operating on the coast of Helgeland.
A Russian hospital train
An Avtoros Shaman ATV Russian military ambulance
Ambulance bus
A typical American ambulance, operated by the Longboat Key fire department.

Type I is based upon a heavy truck chassis-cab with a custom rear compartment that is often referred to as a "box" or "module."


French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899.

Share of the SA des Usines Renault, issued 1. January 1932 to Louis Renault
Louis Renault in 1903
1901 Voiturette Renault Type D Série B
1911 Renault CC
Renault Celtaquatre, 1935
Renault Reinastella
Renault Viva Grand Sport and Hélène Boucher. During the 1930s, Renault settled several speed world records with Caudron planes, thanks to its 6-cylinders engines and aerodynamic designs
Renault 4CV
Renault Frégate, 1951
Renault Dauphine
Renault Floride, 1958
The 1964 Renault R8 Gordini was the first sportive compact car for a public consumption price.
1966 Renault 4
1969 Renault 12
Renault 5 Turbo
1974 Renault 17 coupe
The Renault Fuego won 8 consecutive championships in the Argentinian TC 2000 touring car racing series between 1986 and 1993
Renault 25 V6 Turbo Baccara
1985 Renault Espace, the first European multi-purpose vehicle
Renault Twingo popularized the city car in Europe from 1992. Six years later, most of its rivals began to enter the city car market.
Renault Safrane Biturbo
Renault Scénic, awarded Car of the year in Europe in 1997 and the first car to be marketed as a compact MPV, is the most popular MPV in Europe for 20 years.
Renault Clio IV, 5 doors or estate, named European Car of the Year in 2006
The Renault Captur is the best seller SUV in Europe since its first commercialization month in 2013.
2015 Renault Espace V, a crossover mixing elements of SUVs and MPVs
2015 Renault Talisman
1907 Renault-built Replica of their French Grand Prix winner, one of 4 known to exist
Renault has twelve F1 Championships wins as engine manufacturer in Formula One. Nigel Mansell, Damon Hill, Michael Schumacher, Alain Prost, Fernando Alonso, Sebastian Vettel and Jacques Villeneuve won eleven F1 driver's titles with cars powered by Renault engines.
Fernando Alonso driving for Renault F1 at Indianapolis in 2005, the year in which the Renault team won the first of their two Formula One championships
The Renault Alpine A442, 1978 Le Mans 24 Hours winner, at the 2014 Goodwood Festival of Speed
Renault Sport R.S. 01, 2014
Renault Alpine A110, first Champion of the World Rally Championship.
Renault Megane RS, IAA 2017
Renault Kangoo Z.E. Concept
Renault Eolab, a 1l/100km hybrid concept car
Renault Zoe, a pure electric car with a 210 km to 230 km range.
Renault Twizy all-electric heavy quadricycle.
Renault twin-turbo engine
View of the Technocentre from the Jardin des Gogottes
Renault España offices in Madrid
L'Atelier Renault in Paris, a cultural place, gastronomy restaurant and car showroom
Renault diamond with a 3D effect, by Victor Vasarely
Renault diamond
Renault diamond
alt=Renault Logo, Renault Passion for Life|Renault Logo 2015–2021
alt=Groupe Renault Logo|Groupe Renault Logo (as distinct from the Renault Passion for Life logo used for the brand)
alt=Renault logo introduced in 2021|Renault logo 2021–present
alt=Renault logo with text|Renault logo with text 2021–present

The first real commercial truck from the company was introduced in 1906.