Truck classification

Class 1 Light duty Toyota Tacoma
Class 2 2001 Ford Excursion 4×4 (GVWR: {{convert|8600|lb|t}}
Class 3 Ford {{Nowrap|F-350}}
Class 4 2008 Ford {{Nowrap|F-450}} 4×4 pick-up truck (GVWR: {{convert|14500|lb|t}})
Class 5 2005 Chevy Kodiak 4×4 (GVWR: {{convert|17500|lb|t}})
Class 6 2002 Ford {{Nowrap|F-650}} in front (GVWR: {{gaps|26|000 lb)}}, 1989 Ford {{Nowrap|F-600}} in back (GVWR: {{convert|20200|lb|t}}
Class 7 Peterbilt 330 dump truck.
Class 8 Kenworth W900 tractor with spread-axle {{convert|48|ft|m|2|adj=on}} refrigerated trailer.
Western Star 6900XD tractor.

Truck classifications are typically based upon the maximum loaded weight of the truck, typically using the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) and sometimes also the gross trailer weight rating (GTWR), and can vary among jurisdictions.

- Truck classification
Class 1 Light duty Toyota Tacoma

4 related topics

Alpha

Ton

Unit of measure.

Unit of measure.

Recent specialized uses include the ton as a measure of energy and for truck classification.

Ford F-150 Supercrew with tonneau, four doors, sidestep, and wind deflectors

Pickup truck

Ford F-150 Supercrew with tonneau, four doors, sidestep, and wind deflectors
A 1922 Ford Model T pickup
A 1961 International Travelette
A "Dually:" Ford F-350 with four rear wheels
1974 Dodge D200 with camper
Early compact Datsun Truck
1962 Volkswagen Type 2 with single cab over and a dropside bed.
1990 Suzuki Carry, a Kei truck
Songthaew conversion
Dually Chevrolet flatbed with dual wheels on the rear axle for improved towing.
The car-based coupé utility 2006 Holden Ute
Double cab Ford Ranger in French National Gendarmerie livery
Flat sided pickup truck showing wheel well intrusion into bed.

A pickup truck or pickup is a light-duty truck that has an enclosed cabin and an open cargo area with low sides and tailgate.

Chevrolet box truck

Box truck

Chassis cab truck with an enclosed cuboid-shaped cargo area.

Chassis cab truck with an enclosed cuboid-shaped cargo area.

Chevrolet box truck
UPS Freight box truck
1933 Bedford two-ton Luton van.
A Ford Transit van with Luton body

Box trucks are typically 10 - 26 ft in length and can range from Class 3 to Class 7 (12,500 lb. to 33,000 lb. gross vehicle weight rating).

Volvo FH cab-over lorry

Cab over

Body style of truck, bus, or van that has a vertical front, "flat face" or a semi-hood, with the cab of the truck sitting above (or forward of) the front axle.

Body style of truck, bus, or van that has a vertical front, "flat face" or a semi-hood, with the cab of the truck sitting above (or forward of) the front axle.

Volvo FH cab-over lorry
The cab-over configuration is common for garbage trucks, as the short wheelbase allows a tight turning radius and the low cab height eases driver entry and exit.
Vintage COE: 1942 Chevrolet
Preserved International Harvester Metro Van in Portland, Oregon in 2012
The 1962 Sisu KB-112/117 was the first European serial produced truck with a hydraulically tiltable cabin, enabling easy access to the engine.
A Mack F series truck
Mercedes-Benz Actros semi-trailer truck
Tatra 813 Kolos 8x8 Drive Military Truck
Land Rover 101 Forward Control with radio-vehicle body

In Class 8 tractors (using the US designation), the cab-over design allows the vehicle's wheelbase to be shorter than in the conventional arrangement, wherein the engine is placed in front of the cab, covered by a horizontal or sloping hood that opens to allow engine access.