A report on Trunk (car)

The open trunk in the rear of a Porsche Boxster
Early automobiles had provision for mounting an external trunk as on a 1931 Ford Model A, in addition to the rumble seat
A trunk in the rear will often contain a spare tire
Front storage compartment on a Volkswagen Beetle
An open trunk lid on a 1955 Hudson Rambler
Two-way station wagon tailgate which hinges so it can open down or sideways
A 1924 advert for Moynat's baggage trunk
The 'frunk' of a Tesla Model S

Vehicle's main storage or cargo compartment, often a hatch at the rear of the vehicle.

- Trunk (car)
The open trunk in the rear of a Porsche Boxster

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Typical pillar configurations of a sedan (three box), station wagon (two box) and hatchback (two box) from the same model range

Station wagon

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Typical pillar configurations of a sedan (three box), station wagon (two box) and hatchback (two box) from the same model range
A split gate on a 1958 Chevrolet Brookwood
1964 Studebaker Wagonaire with the rear roof retracted and tailgate hinged down
A lift-gate on a Volkswagen Passat Variant
1954 Studebaker Conestoga
1954 Studebaker Conestoga circa 1956
1954-1957 Hillman Husky
Ford Granada L Estate
2014 Mercedes-Benz C Class station wagon
2017 Holden Commodore (VF) Sportwagon

A station wagon (US, also wagon) or estate car (UK, also estate), is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof extended rearward over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk/boot lid.

The body characteristics of a sedan (top), estate/station wagon (middle) and hatchback (bottom)

Hatchback

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Car body configuration with a rear door that swings upward to provide access to a cargo area.

Car body configuration with a rear door that swings upward to provide access to a cargo area.

The body characteristics of a sedan (top), estate/station wagon (middle) and hatchback (bottom)
Comparison of a hatchback with a station wagon from the same model range
A tailgate hinged at the roof is a predominant characteristic of hatchbacks, estates/station wagons and liftbacks
1976 Toyota Celica GT Liftback U.S. Model
1974-1975 Honda Civic RS
Lada Samara 1500
Chevrolet Onix
Maruti 800 hatchback in India

Most hatchbacks use a two-box design body style, where the cargo area (trunk/boot) and passenger areas are a single volume.

Ford F-150 Supercrew with tonneau, four doors, sidestep, and wind deflectors

Pickup truck

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Ford F-150 Supercrew with tonneau, four doors, sidestep, and wind deflectors
A 1922 Ford Model T pickup
A 1961 International Travelette
A "Dually:" Ford F-350 with four rear wheels
1974 Dodge D200 with camper
Early compact Datsun Truck
1962 Volkswagen Type 2 with single cab over and a dropside bed.
1990 Suzuki Carry, a Kei truck
Songthaew conversion
Dually Chevrolet flatbed with dual wheels on the rear axle for improved towing.
The car-based coupé utility 2006 Holden Ute
Double cab Ford Ranger in French National Gendarmerie livery
Flat sided pickup truck showing wheel well intrusion into bed.

A pickup truck or pickup is a light-duty truck that has an enclosed cabin and an open cargo area with low sides and tailgate.

Fiat X1/9

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Two-seater mid-engined sports car designed by Bertone and manufactured by Fiat from 1972–1982 and subsequently by Gruppo Bertone from 1982–1989.

Two-seater mid-engined sports car designed by Bertone and manufactured by Fiat from 1972–1982 and subsequently by Gruppo Bertone from 1982–1989.

Bertone Runabout concept car
1976 Fiat X1/9 (1300 cc)
1978 U.S. market Fiat X1/9 with "ladder" bumpers
1986 Bertone X1/9 USA model (pictured with owner-installed Euro-spec Cromodora CD-58 wheels and dealer-installed body-side moldings)
X1/9 Superlight prototype
X1/9 "Passo Lungo" prototype
X1/9 Spider prototype
1974 Abarth X1-9 Prototipo in setup on the Fiat's Abarth Competitions Centre in Turin
1975 Dallara Icsunonove
1988 X1/9 1500 cc

The removable hardtop could be stored in the front boot; a second luggage compartment was provided at the rear of the car, accessible through a conventional boot lid.

AMC Cavalier

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Compact concept presented by American Motors in 1965, noted for symmetrical elements of its design and its interchangeable body parts.

Compact concept presented by American Motors in 1965, noted for symmetrical elements of its design and its interchangeable body parts.

The hood and decklid were also interchangeable.

A mousetrap powered by a helical torsion spring

Torsion spring

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Straight bar of metal or rubber that is subjected to twisting about its axis by torque applied at its ends.

Straight bar of metal or rubber that is subjected to twisting about its axis by torque applied at its ends.

A mousetrap powered by a helical torsion spring
Drawing of Coulomb's torsion balance. From Plate 13 of his 1785 memoir.
Torsion balance used by Paul R. Heyl in his measurements of the gravitational constant G at the U.S. National Bureau of Standards (now NIST) between 1930 and 1942.

Other uses are in the large, coiled torsion springs used to counterbalance the weight of garage doors, and a similar system is used to assist in opening the trunk (boot) cover on some sedans.

The Toyota Prius is the world's best selling hybrid car, with cumulative global sales of almost 4 million units up until January 2017.

Hybrid electric vehicle

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Type of hybrid vehicle that combines a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) system with an electric propulsion system (hybrid vehicle drivetrain).

Type of hybrid vehicle that combines a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) system with an electric propulsion system (hybrid vehicle drivetrain).

The Toyota Prius is the world's best selling hybrid car, with cumulative global sales of almost 4 million units up until January 2017.
A New Flyer XDE60 Xcelsior articulated hybrid-electric bus operated by UMass Transit
The Toyota Highlander Hybrid has a series-parallel drivetrain.
The Saturn Vue Green Line is a mild hybrid.
The 2005–06 Chevrolet Silverado Hybrid is a mild hybrid using the electric motor mainly to power the accessories.
The BMW Concept 7 Series ActiveHybrid is a mild hybrid with an electric motor designed to increase power and performance.
The first generation Chevrolet Volt was a plug-in hybrid able to run in all-electric mode up to 35 mi.
First commercial flex-fuel hybrid electric car tested with a Toyota Prius as development mule.
The Lohner-Porsche Mixte Hybrid was the first gasoline-electric hybrid automobile.
Figure 1 of Henri Pieper's 1905 Hybrid Vehicle Patent Application.
Porsche's Elefant tank destroyer, restored for museum display
Toyota Prius (first generation)
2000 Honda Insight (first generation)
2010 Honda Insight (second generation)
The 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid was launched in the U.S. in March 2009.
The Honda CR-Z hybrid was launched in Japan in February 2010, followed by the US in August 2010.
The 2011 Toyota Auris Hybrid is the first mass-produced hybrid electric vehicle built in Europe.
2013 Volkswagen Jetta Hybrid
The Toyota Prius c was released in the U.S. in March 2012, and was launched in Japan as Toyota Aqua in December 2011.
The fourth generation Prius was released in Japan in December 2015.
The Toyota Prius is the world's all-time top-selling hybrid, and also in both Japan and the U.S.
The Toyota Aqua was the top-selling new car in Japan for three years running, from 2013 to 2015.
The Toyota Prius α was launched in Japan in May 2011.
HEV market share of new car sales in the U.S. between 1999 and 2019.
The Toyota Auris Hybrid is the top-selling hybrid electric vehicle in Europe with 427,600 units through 2017.
The Toyota Yaris Hybrid, released in 2012, is available in Europe in lieu of the Prius c.
Hyundai Elantra LPI Hybrid.
The Ford Escape Hybrid was the first hybrid electric vehicle with a flex-fuel engine capable of running on E85 fuel.
Demonstration Ford Escape E85 flex-fuel plug-in hybrid.
Mercedes F1 W06 Hybrid, driven by Nico Rosberg, during the 2015 Malaysian Grand Prix, using 1.6 L turbocharged V6 hybrid engine.
A Toyota Prius hybrid taxi in Singapore.
Hybrid-powered bus
Hino hybrid diesel-electric truck.
Mitsuoka Motor Ryugi hybrid (E165)
California's clean air bumper sticker used to allow HEVs to access HOV lanes. Shown a RechargeIT's plug-in converted Prius (left) and a conventional Toyota Prius (right).
Some shopping malls in Northern Virginia have designated reserved parking spaces for electric hybrid cars.

A trunk-mounted nickel-cadmium battery supplied energy to the motor that drove the rear wheels.

Extensively redundant rear lighting installation on a Thai tour bus

Automotive lighting

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The lighting system of a motor vehicle consists of lighting and signalling devices mounted or integrated at the front, rear, sides, and in some cases the top of a motor vehicle.

The lighting system of a motor vehicle consists of lighting and signalling devices mounted or integrated at the front, rear, sides, and in some cases the top of a motor vehicle.

Extensively redundant rear lighting installation on a Thai tour bus
ISO symbol for low beam
ISO symbol for high beam
ISO symbol for long-range lamps
ISO symbol for front fog lamps
Selective yellow fog lamps
A cornering lamp on a 1983 Oldsmobile 98
Front position or parking light lit within front light assembly on Dodge Grand Caravan
ISO symbol for position lamps
ISO symbol for daytime running lamps
LED daytime running lights on Audi A4
1974 Plymouth Valiant with headlamps, amber front position lamps, and side marker lights lit
ISO symbol for turn signals, UNECE 121 symbol
Front and side turn signals illuminated
The Japanese Trafficator deploys to extend from the vehicle's side to indicate a turn in that direction.
Mirror-mounted side turn signal repeater
Two types of dashboard turn signal tell-tale
This Mercedes-Benz ML-Class is outfitted with red rear turn signals on the left-hand side and amber ones on the right-hand side.
The Honda Ridgeline was built with amber rear turn signals from 2006–2008 and red ones from 2009–2014.
The colour coating has started to flake off this PY27/7W bulb, a relatively new problem
Double taillights mounted on a road-rail vehicle.
Full LED rear lights on a BMW 7 Series
The rear end of a Renault Master. The offset third brake light above the door handle is visible.
ISO symbol for rear fog lamps ,UNECE 121 symbol
Single rear fog lamp on a Mercedes M Class
Reversing lamps lit on a Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren
End outline marker lamp
ISO symbol for hazard warning signal ,UNECE 121 symbol
Light bar on a British police car
An illuminated taxi sign
Light source placed in a parabolic reflector to achieve a directed beam
Light emitting diodes (LED) tail lights of a BMW 330Ci

Many cars have lights in the trunk (or boot), the engine compartment, and the glovebox and other storage compartments.