Tsai Ing-wen

current PresidentOne fixed day off and one flexible rest day policyPresident TsaiTsai Ing WenTsai, Ing-wen
Tsai Ing-wen (Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chhòa Eng-bûn, ; born 31 August 1956) is a Taiwanese politician and professor serving as the president of the Republic of China, commonly known as Taiwan, since 20 May 2016.wikipedia
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President of the Republic of China

PresidentPresident of TaiwanChairman of the National Government of China
Tsai Ing-wen (Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chhòa Eng-bûn, ; born 31 August 1956) is a Taiwanese politician and professor serving as the president of the Republic of China, commonly known as Taiwan, since 20 May 2016. In 1993, as an independent (without party affiliation), she was appointed to a series of governmental positions, including trade negotiator for WTO affairs, by the then-ruling Kuomintang (KMT) and was one of the chief drafters of the special state-to-state relations doctrine of then President Lee Teng-hui.
The incumbent, Tsai Ing-wen, succeeded Ma Ying-jeou on 20 May 2016 as the first female president in the state's history.

Mayor of Taipei

Taipei MayorMayorMayor of Taipei City
She is also the first president to be of both Hakka and aboriginal descent (a quarter Paiwan from her grandmother), the first unmarried president, the first to have never held an elected executive post before presidency and the first to be popularly elected without having previously served as the Mayor of Taipei (Lee Teng-hui, Chen Shui-bian, and Ma Ying-jeou all served as the Mayor of Taipei).
Until the election of Tsai Ing-wen, it was considered custom that all mayors of Taipei went on to being elected President of the Republic of China; Presidents Lee Teng-hui, Chen Shui-bian and Ma Ying-jeou have all held this position prior to being elected president.

Democratic Progressive Party

DPPDemocratic ProgressiveDemocratic Progressive Party (DPP)
The first woman to be elected to the office, Tsai is the seventh president of the Republic of China under the 1947 Constitution and the second president from the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP); part of Taiwan's Pan-Green Coalition.
The incumbent President and former leader of the DPP, Tsai Ing-wen, is the second member of the DPP to hold the office.

Cornell Law School

Cornell University Law SchoolCornellLaw School
Tsai studied law and international trade, and later became a law professor at Soochow University School of Law and National Chengchi University after earning an LLB from National Taiwan University, an LLM from Cornell Law School and a Ph.D. in law from the London School of Economics and Political Science.
Cornell Law alumni include business executive and philanthropist Myron Charles Taylor, namesake of the law school building, along with U.S. Secretaries of State Edmund Muskie and William P. Rogers, U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Samuel Pierce, the first female President of Taiwan, Tsai Ing-wen, federal judge and first female editor-in-chief of a law review Mary Donlon Alger, former President of the International Criminal Court Song Sang-Hyun, as well as many members of the U.S. Congress, governors, state attorneys general, U.S. federal and state judges, diplomats and businesspeople.

National Taiwan University

Taihoku Imperial UniversityNational Taiwan University (NTU)Taiwan National University
Tsai studied law and international trade, and later became a law professor at Soochow University School of Law and National Chengchi University after earning an LLB from National Taiwan University, an LLM from Cornell Law School and a Ph.D. in law from the London School of Economics and Political Science.
Notable alumni include Tsai Ing-Wen, the current President of the Republic of China, former presidents Lee Teng-hui, Chen Shui-bian and Ma Ying-jeou, Turing Award laureate Andrew Yao, and Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate Yuan T. Lee.

Kuomintang

KMTNationalistnationalists
In 1993, as an independent (without party affiliation), she was appointed to a series of governmental positions, including trade negotiator for WTO affairs, by the then-ruling Kuomintang (KMT) and was one of the chief drafters of the special state-to-state relations doctrine of then President Lee Teng-hui.
In the 2016 general and presidential election, the KMT was defeated in both elections and the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) gained control of both the Legislative Yuan and the presidency, Tsai Ing-wen being elected President.

Su Tseng-chang

Su
From there, she was appointed Vice Premier under Premier Su Tseng-chang until the cabinet's mass resignation in 2007.
Su campaigned for the 2012 presidential candidacy of the DPP in 2011, but lost to Tsai Ing-wen by a very narrow margin.

Eric Chu

Chu Li-luan (Eric Chu)Eric Chu Li-luan
Tsai ran for New Taipei City mayorship in the November 2010 municipal elections but was defeated by another former vice premier, Eric Chu (KMT).
Chu was defeated by his opponent Tsai Ing-wen, and subsequently resigned his post as KMT chairman.

Paiwan people

Paiwancannibal Taiwanese aboriginesnatives
She is also the first president to be of both Hakka and aboriginal descent (a quarter Paiwan from her grandmother), the first unmarried president, the first to have never held an elected executive post before presidency and the first to be popularly elected without having previously served as the Mayor of Taipei (Lee Teng-hui, Chen Shui-bian, and Ma Ying-jeou all served as the Mayor of Taipei).
Tsai Ing-wen, elected as President of Taiwan in 2016, is 1/4 Paiwan via her grandmother.

Pan-Green Coalition

Pan-GreenGreenPan-Greens
The first woman to be elected to the office, Tsai is the seventh president of the Republic of China under the 1947 Constitution and the second president from the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP); part of Taiwan's Pan-Green Coalition.

2018 Taiwanese local elections

2018 Republic of China local election20182018 local elections
On 24 November 2018, she resigned as leader of the Democratic Progressive Party and refused Premier William Lai's resignation after a major defeat in local elections.
This local election is the first test for the incumbent President Tsai Ing-wen since assuming office in May 2016.

Mainland Affairs Council

Mainland Affairs Council of Taiwan (ROC)Minister of Mainland Affairs CouncilMinister of the Mainland Affairs Council
After DPP President Chen Shui-bian took office in 2000, Tsai served as Minister of the Mainland Affairs Council throughout Chen's first term as a non-partisan.

Taipei Municipal Zhongshan Girls High School

During her middle school period, she studied in Taipei Municipal Zhongshan Girls High School.
Established in 1897 during the Japanese period, the school marked the milestone of secondary education for Taiwanese females and has educated many famous alumnae including Taiwan's first female president Tsai Ing-wen elected in 2016.

William Lai

Lai Ching-teWilliam Lai Ching-teWilliam Lai Ching‑te
On 24 November 2018, she resigned as leader of the Democratic Progressive Party and refused Premier William Lai's resignation after a major defeat in local elections.
Lai is a candidate for Vice President of the Republic of China and the running mate of President Tsai Ing-wen in the 2020 Taiwan presidential election.

2012 Taiwan presidential election

20122012 presidential election2012 Republic of China presidential election
Tsai resigned as chair of the DPP after losing her 2012 presidential election bid to incumbent Ma Ying-jeou.
Incumbent chairperson Tsai Ing-wen was the DPP nominee.

ECFA Debate

debate
On 25 April 2010, Tsai participated in a televised debate against President and Kuomintang chairman Ma Ying-jeou over a proposed trade agreement, the Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA); while President Ma believed ECFA would increase Taiwanese exports to mainland China and lower unemployment rates, Tsai said it "will force Taiwan to open up for cheap Chinese exports eventually" and certain domestic industries will be harmed by the mainland trade invasion.
The Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement Television Debate was a televised debate between the President of the Republic of China, Ma Ying-jeou, who is also chairman of the Nationalist Party (Kuomintang), and the chairperson of Democratic Progressive Party, Tsai Ing-wen, which aired on April 25, 2010.

Trump–Tsai call

a congratulatory phone calla congratulatory telephone calltelephone call
In early December 2016, Tsai held an unprecedented telephone call with President-elect Donald Trump.
The Trump–Tsai call was a telephone conversation between the U.S President-elect Donald Trump and the President of the Republic of China (commonly known as Taiwan) Tsai Ing-wen which took place on December 2, 2016.

2010 Taiwanese local elections

20102010 Republic of China municipal electionKaohsiung City Mayoralty election
Tsai ran for New Taipei City mayorship in the November 2010 municipal elections but was defeated by another former vice premier, Eric Chu (KMT).
Taiwanese political scientist Hsu Yung-ming believed that the elections signalled the era of the new "Four Heavenly Kings" Tsai Ing-wen, Chen Chu, William Lai and Su Jia-chyuan within the Democratic Progressive Party.

2008 Taiwan presidential election

2008 presidential election20082008 Republic of China presidential election
She was elected and assumed DPP leadership in 2008, following her party's defeat in the 2008 presidential election.
Other leading candidates were Wu Den-yih, incumbent KMT general secretary; Jason Lin, CEO of Uni-President Group; and Tsai Ing-wen, a DPP member and former vice-premier.

Cross-Strait relations

cross-straitCross-Strait conflictCross-Straits relations
She criticized Ma for mentioning closer Cross-Strait relations but nothing about Taiwan's sovereignty and national security.
In the 2016 Taiwan general elections, Tsai Ing-wen and the DPP captured landslide victories.

Ma Ying-jeou

President Ma Ying-jeouPresident MaLesley Weichung Ma
She is also the first president to be of both Hakka and aboriginal descent (a quarter Paiwan from her grandmother), the first unmarried president, the first to have never held an elected executive post before presidency and the first to be popularly elected without having previously served as the Mayor of Taipei (Lee Teng-hui, Chen Shui-bian, and Ma Ying-jeou all served as the Mayor of Taipei). Tsai resigned as chair of the DPP after losing her 2012 presidential election bid to incumbent Ma Ying-jeou. On 25 April 2010, Tsai participated in a televised debate against President and Kuomintang chairman Ma Ying-jeou over a proposed trade agreement, the Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA); while President Ma believed ECFA would increase Taiwanese exports to mainland China and lower unemployment rates, Tsai said it "will force Taiwan to open up for cheap Chinese exports eventually" and certain domestic industries will be harmed by the mainland trade invasion.
Ma was re-elected President with 51.6% of the vote against Democratic Progressive Party chairwoman Tsai Ing-wen.

2016 Taiwan general election

20162016 general election2016 Republic of China legislative election
She was the Democratic Progressive Party candidate in the 2012 and 2016 presidential elections.
Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) candidate Tsai Ing-wen with her independent running mate Chen Chien-jen won over Eric Chu of the Kuomintang (KMT) and James Soong of the People First Party (PFP).

Sunflower Student Movement

Sunflower Movement2014 Sunflower protestsoccupied
However, both Su and Hsieh dropped out of the election in the aftermath of the Sunflower Student Movement.
Soon after taking office on May 20, 2016, the Tsai Ing-wen administration and new premier Lin Chuan chose to drop the charges.

Lee Teng-hui

Lee Tung-huiPresident Lee Teng-huiLee
She is also the first president to be of both Hakka and aboriginal descent (a quarter Paiwan from her grandmother), the first unmarried president, the first to have never held an elected executive post before presidency and the first to be popularly elected without having previously served as the Mayor of Taipei (Lee Teng-hui, Chen Shui-bian, and Ma Ying-jeou all served as the Mayor of Taipei). In 1993, as an independent (without party affiliation), she was appointed to a series of governmental positions, including trade negotiator for WTO affairs, by the then-ruling Kuomintang (KMT) and was one of the chief drafters of the special state-to-state relations doctrine of then President Lee Teng-hui.
In it, he reasserted support for Japanese sovereignty claims over the Senkaku Islands, drawing complaints from the ROC Presidential Office, President-elect Tsai Ing-wen, and Yilan County fishermen.

National Chengchi University

Chengchi UniversityCentral Party Affairs SchoolCentral University of Political Affairs
Tsai studied law and international trade, and later became a law professor at Soochow University School of Law and National Chengchi University after earning an LLB from National Taiwan University, an LLM from Cornell Law School and a Ph.D. in law from the London School of Economics and Political Science.