Tug of war

tug-of-wartug-o-warTugging rituals and gamesLbeng Teanh Protrope pullrope pullingteam gamestug o' wartug o'wartug war
Tug of war (also known as tug o' war, tug war, rope war, rope pulling, or tugging war) is a sport that directly puts two teams against each other in a test of strength: teams pull on opposite ends of a rope, with the goal being to bring the rope a certain distance in one direction against the force of the opposing team's pull.wikipedia
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Tug of War International Federation

TWIF
The Tug of War International Federation (TWIF), organises World Championships for nation teams biannually, for both indoor and outdoor contests, and a similar competition for club teams.
The Tug of War International Federation (TWIF) is the international governing body for the sport of tug of war.

Tug of war at the Summer Olympics

Tug of warpart of the Olympic GamesTotal
The sport was part of the Olympic Games from 1900 until 1920, but has not been included since.
Tug of war was contested as a team event in the Summer Olympics at every Olympiad from 1900 to 1920.

Battle of the Network Stars

Battle of the Network Stars IIIBattle of the Network Stars VBattle of the Network Stars VII
Between 1976 and 1988 Tug of War was a regular event during the television series Battle of the Network Stars.
After the regular events were over, the lowest scoring network was eliminated from further competition and the two remaining networks determined the day's winner with the final event, the Tug-Of-War.

World Games

The World Games2017 International World GamesGreat Britain Sevens
The sport is part of the World Games.
Other sports have been Olympic sports in the past (like tug of war).

Tang dynasty

TangTang ChinaTang Empire
According to a Tang dynasty book, The Notes of Feng, tug of war, under the name "hook pulling", was used by the military commander of the State of Chu during the Spring and Autumn period (8th century BC to 5th century BC) to train warriors.
Many outdoor sports and activities were enjoyed during the Tang, including archery, hunting, horse polo, cuju football, cockfighting, and even tug of war.

Basque rural sports

rural sportSokatiraBasque sheepdog trials
In Basque, it is called Sokatira.
Tug-of-war is also traditional in the Basque Country.

The Hope College Pull

The Hope College Pull is an annual tug-of-war contest held across the Black River in Holland, Michigan on the fourth Saturday after Labor Day.
The Hope College Pull (The Pull) is an annual tug-of-war contest held across the Black River in Holland, Michigan on the fourth Saturday after Labor Day at 3:00 PM. It is sponsored by Hope College and is one of the nation's oldest standing college traditions.

Naha Tug-of-war

The Naha Tug-of-war in Okinawa is also famous.
In 1997 the event was first logged in the Guinness Book of World Records as being the largest tug-of-war event in the world.

Polish Dragon Boat Racing

version
In Poland, a version of tug of war is played using a dragon boat, where teams of 6 or 8 attempt to row towards each other.
Polish Dragon Boat Racing, also referred to as "tug of oars" or "dragon war", is a sport consisting of two opposing teams of six rowers attempting to row a dragon boat across a center line, and is similar to tug-of-war.

1981 World Games

World Games I19811981 Santa Clara
The games featured sports that were not included in the Olympics, including tug-of-war, racquetball, baseball and softball, artistic roller skating, roller hockey, roller speed skating, finswimming, karate, women's water polo, bowling, bodybuilding, waterskiing, casting, badminton, trampoline, powerlifting and taekwondo.

Macatawa River

Black River
The Hope College Pull is an annual tug-of-war contest held across the Black River in Holland, Michigan on the fourth Saturday after Labor Day.
This small river is the site of the annual tug-of-war by Hope College students called The Pull.

Rope

cordagecordropemaker
Tug of war (also known as tug o' war, tug war, rope war, rope pulling, or tugging war) is a sport that directly puts two teams against each other in a test of strength: teams pull on opposite ends of a rope, with the goal being to bring the rope a certain distance in one direction against the force of the opposing team's pull.

Oxford English Dictionary

OEDOxfordOxford English Dictionary (OED)
The Oxford English Dictionary says that the phrase "tug of war" originally meant "the decisive contest; the real struggle or tussle; a severe contest for supremacy".

Cambodia

🇰🇭KhmerCambodian
The origins of tug of war are uncertain, but this sport was practised in Cambodia, ancient Egypt, Greece, India and China where it was held in legend that the Sun and Moon Lakhon Khol or Khmer Mask Drama Dance is a Cambodian traditional theater that has its origins in pre-Angkorian performance.

Ancient Egypt

EgyptEgyptianEgyptians
The origins of tug of war are uncertain, but this sport was practised in Cambodia, ancient Egypt, Greece, India and China where it was held in legend that the Sun and Moon Lakhon Khol or Khmer Mask Drama Dance is a Cambodian traditional theater that has its origins in pre-Angkorian performance.

Ancient Greece

Greekancient Greekancient Greeks
The origins of tug of war are uncertain, but this sport was practised in Cambodia, ancient Egypt, Greece, India and China where it was held in legend that the Sun and Moon Lakhon Khol or Khmer Mask Drama Dance is a Cambodian traditional theater that has its origins in pre-Angkorian performance. In ancient Greece the sport was called helkustinda (Greek: ἑλκυστίνδα), efelkustinda and dielkustinda, which derives from dielkō, meaning amongst others "I pull through", all deriving from the verb helkō, "I draw, I pull".

History of India

ancient IndiaIndiaIndian
The origins of tug of war are uncertain, but this sport was practised in Cambodia, ancient Egypt, Greece, India and China where it was held in legend that the Sun and Moon Lakhon Khol or Khmer Mask Drama Dance is a Cambodian traditional theater that has its origins in pre-Angkorian performance.

History of China

Chineseimperial Chinaancient China
The origins of tug of war are uncertain, but this sport was practised in Cambodia, ancient Egypt, Greece, India and China where it was held in legend that the Sun and Moon Lakhon Khol or Khmer Mask Drama Dance is a Cambodian traditional theater that has its origins in pre-Angkorian performance.

Chu (state)

ChuState of ChuChu state
According to a Tang dynasty book, The Notes of Feng, tug of war, under the name "hook pulling", was used by the military commander of the State of Chu during the Spring and Autumn period (8th century BC to 5th century BC) to train warriors.

Spring and Autumn period

Spring and AutumnChunqiuthe Spring and Autumn period
According to a Tang dynasty book, The Notes of Feng, tug of war, under the name "hook pulling", was used by the military commander of the State of Chu during the Spring and Autumn period (8th century BC to 5th century BC) to train warriors.

Emperor Xuanzong of Tang

Emperor XuanzongLi LongjiXuanzong
During the Tang dynasty, Emperor Xuanzong of Tang promoted large-scale tug of war games, using ropes of up to 167 m with shorter ropes attached, and more than 500 people on each end of the rope.

Drummer

drumsdrummersdrumming
Each side also had its own team of drummers to encourage the participants.

Greek language

GreekAncient GreekModern Greek
In ancient Greece the sport was called helkustinda (Greek: ἑλκυστίνδα), efelkustinda and dielkustinda, which derives from dielkō, meaning amongst others "I pull through", all deriving from the verb helkō, "I draw, I pull".

Julius Pollux

Pollux
Helkustinda and efelkustinda seem to have been ordinary versions of tug of war, while dielkustinda had no rope, according to Julius Pollux.

Vikings

VikingNorseDanes
Tug of war stories about heroic champions from Scandinavia and Germany circulate Western Europe where Viking warriors pull on animal skins over open pits of fire in tests of strength and endurance, in preparation for battle and plunder.