Tugu inscription

Tarumanagara inscriptionsTugu
The Tugu inscription is one of the early 5th century Tarumanagara inscriptions discovered in Batutumbuh hamlet, Tugu village, Koja, North Jakarta, in Indonesia.wikipedia
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Tarumanagara

PurnavarmanTarumanagara KingdomHindu Tarumanagara kingdom
The Tugu inscription is one of the early 5th century Tarumanagara inscriptions discovered in Batutumbuh hamlet, Tugu village, Koja, North Jakarta, in Indonesia.
The kingdom was located not far from modern Jakarta, and according to Tugu inscription Purnavarman apparently built a canal that changed the course of the Cakung River, and drained a coastal area for agriculture and settlement.

Purnawarman

The inscription contains information about hydraulic projects; the irrigation and water drainage project of the Chandrabhaga river by the order of Rajadirajaguru, and also the water project of the Gomati river by the order of King Purnawarman in the 22nd year of his reign.
1) Tugu inscription

Jakarta

BataviaJakarta, IndonesiaDjakarta
The Tugu inscription (probably written around 417 AD) discovered in Batutumbuh hamlet, Tugu village, Koja, North Jakarta, mentions that King Purnawarman of Tarumanagara undertook hydraulic projects; the irrigation and water drainage project of the Chandrabhaga river and the Gomati river near his capital.

North Jakarta

Jakarta UtaraNorthern partnorthwestern
The Tugu inscription is one of the early 5th century Tarumanagara inscriptions discovered in Batutumbuh hamlet, Tugu village, Koja, North Jakarta, in Indonesia.

Indonesia

🇮🇩IndonesianRepublic of Indonesia
The Tugu inscription is one of the early 5th century Tarumanagara inscriptions discovered in Batutumbuh hamlet, Tugu village, Koja, North Jakarta, in Indonesia.

National Museum of Indonesia

National MuseumMuseum Nasionala museum for Indonesian culture and history
In 1911 by the initiative of P. de Roo de la Faille, the Tugu inscription was moved to Museum Bataviaasch genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen (now National Museum of Indonesia) with inventory number D.124.

Pallava script

PallavaPallawa scriptdistinctive script
The Tugu inscription was written in Pallava script, which is the pre-Tamil script, arranged in the form of Sanskrit Sloka with Anustubh metrum, consisting of five lines that run around the surface of the stone.

Tamil language

TamilTamil-languageta
The Tugu inscription was written in Pallava script, which is the pre-Tamil script, arranged in the form of Sanskrit Sloka with Anustubh metrum, consisting of five lines that run around the surface of the stone.

Sanskrit

Skt.classical SanskritSanskrit language
The Tugu inscription was written in Pallava script, which is the pre-Tamil script, arranged in the form of Sanskrit Sloka with Anustubh metrum, consisting of five lines that run around the surface of the stone.

Anuṣṭubh

anustubhanushtubhanushtup
The Tugu inscription was written in Pallava script, which is the pre-Tamil script, arranged in the form of Sanskrit Sloka with Anustubh metrum, consisting of five lines that run around the surface of the stone.

Trishula

Trishultridenttrisula
On the inscription there is an image of a staff crowned with Trisula straight to mark the separation between the beginning and the end of each sentence.

Brahmin

brahminsBrahmanaBrahmanas
"Long ago, the river named Candrabhaga had been dug by a noble Maharaja that have strong and tight arms, Purnawarman, to channel (water) flow to the sea, after the canal flow by his famous royal palace. In the 22nd year of His Majesty King Purnawarman's throne (reign) that shines brightly because of his intelligence and wisdom and has become the royal flag (leader) of all kings (and now) he ordered to dig the river (canal) with beautiful clear water, (the canal) named Gomati, after the canal flow through the middle of the residence of the noble elder (King Purnawarman's grandfather). The project was started in a fortunate day, date 8 half (moon) dark of the Caitra month, and (the project) only took 21 days, with the canal is 6122 bows long. The ceremony was performed by Brahmins with 1000 cows given as the gift."

Timeline of Jakarta

Mid 5th century – The region around the port was under Hindu Tarumanagara kingdom's rule, according to Tugu inscription discovered in North Jakarta.

History of Jakarta

BataviaJayakartaBatavia (now Jakarta)
The earliest historical record discovered in Jakarta is the Tugu inscription, which was discovered in Tugu sub-district, North Jakarta.

Sundanese people

SundaneseSundacultural
Hindu influences reached the Sundanese people as early as the 4th century CE as is evident in Tarumanagara inscriptions.

Bekasi

Bekasi, West JavaBek'''asiBek''asi
The earliest evidence of its existence dates from the 5th century according to the Tugu inscription.

India–Indonesia relations

Indonesia entered its historical period after the adoption of Pallawa script and Sanskrit language from India as evidence in some of earliest inscriptions dated from Indonesia's oldest kingdoms such as the Yupa of Kutai, Tugu of Tarumanagara and historical records of Kalingga.

5th century

5th5th centuries5th-century
450: Several stone inscriptions were made witness to edicts from West Java. Amongst others, the Tugu inscription announced decrees of Purnavarman, the King of Tarumanagara, one of the earliest Hindu kingdoms of Java. (up until the year 669)

List of oldest continuously inhabited cities

oldest cities in the worldoldest continuously inhabited citiesoldest cities