Range of Anishinaabe-Anishinini around 1800, including the Mississauga

Mississauga woman from the Burlington Heights area of Upper Canada.

- Tuhbenahneequay

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Peter Jones (missionary)

Ojibwe Methodist minister, translator, chief and author from Burlington Heights, Upper Canada.

Portrait of Jones by William Crubb
A sketch of the feather given to Kahkewāquonāby by his grandfather during his naming ceremony
The Credit Mission, in the winter of 1827. Sketch from The Story of My Life by Egerton Ryerson.
Medal awarded to Peter Jones by King William IV, which it was customary to receive for Indian chiefs in Upper Canada
Portraits of Peter Jones and Eliza Field, made in 1832 by London painter Matilda Jones. Jones and Field met during his first tour of England, and married in 1833.
The Jones' first home, at the Credit Mission, as sketched by Eliza Field Jones
This photograph of Jones was taken August 4, 1845 in Edinburgh, Scotland by Hill & Adamson. Photographs taken of Jones that day are the oldest surviving photographs of a North American Indian.
An 1898 Smithsonian Institution photograph of Peter Edmund Jones, who was born to Peter and Eliza Jones in 1843. He holds the tomahawk pipe given to his father by Sir Auguste D'Este, and wears a buckskin coat inherited from his father.

Jones was raised by his mother Tuhbenahneequay in the traditional culture and religion of the Mississauga Ojibwas until the age of 14.

John Jones (Ojibwa chief)

Mississauga Ojibwa teacher, missionary and Chief.

Jones was born to Augustus Jones and Tuhbenahneequay on July 10, 1798 in the Humber River valley.


Mississaugas chief of the Eagle doodem, in the Burlington, Ontario area.

Wahbanosay's signature, from the text of the Toronto Purchase.

During the 1790s, Wahbanosay worked as a guide for Deputy Surveyor General Augustus Jones, who married his daughter Tuhbenahneequay.


Ojibwe performer, interpreter, mission worker, and herbalist.

Photograph of Maungwudaus, c.1846
"Great Hero, a chief" by George Catlin, 1845, Smithsonian American Art Museum
Portrait of Maungwudaus by Paul Kane, 1851, Tacoma Art Museum

His father was Chief Mesquacosy, who was a War of 1812 veteran, and his mother Tuhbenahneequay, or Sarah Henry, was Chief Wahbanosay's daughter.

Augustus Jones

Augustus Jones (c.

Jones' surveying map of Saltfleet township.
Drawing of Jones and John Graves Simcoe conferring during the construction of Yonge Street, by Charles Williams Jeffreys.
Jones' claim for damages incurred during the War of 1812.
Peter Jones, Augustus Jones' younger son by Tuhbenahneequay. This photograph was taken August 4, 1845, by Hill & Adamson in Edinburgh, Scotland. It is the oldest surviving photograph of a North American Indian.

While married to Sarah Tekarihogen, Jones maintained a relationship with Tuhbenahneequay (Sarah Henry), the daughter of Mississauga chief Wahbanosay.

Credit Indian Village

Settlement on the banks of the Credit River in modern-day Mississauga, Ontario.

Notable figures in the early settlement include Peter Jones, the son of Ontario surveyor Augustus Jones and his wife, Tuhbenahneequay.

Burlington Heights (Ontario)

Burlington Heights refers to a promontory or area of flat land sitting elevated (at about 100 m) above the west end of Hamilton Harbour in the city of Hamilton, Ontario which continues as a peninsula to the north toward the city of Burlington, Ontario.

View of Burlington Heights from Burlington.
Stone markers and cannon. The centre stone marks the first line of earthwork defences erected at the Heights' during the War of 1812.
Dundurn Castle, c. 1890s. The building was erected in the 1830s at the southern end of the promontory.
The Rock Garden at Royal Botanical Gardens lies at the north end of the Burlington Heights

The Reverend Peter Jones (Kahkewāquonāby), an Anishinaabe farmer, missionary, and writer, son of Tuhbenahneequay and Loyalist surveyor Augustus Jones, was born on the Burlington Heights in 1802.

History of Hamilton, Ontario

First colonized by settlers, has benefited from its geographical proximity to major land and water transportation routes along the Niagara Peninsula and Lake Ontario.

Depiction of Hamilton in 1859.
Statue commemorating the United Empire Loyalists in Downtown Hamilton. Loyalists fleeing from the American Revolutionary War were the first Europeans to settle the area.
The Battle of Stoney Creek in 1813. British regulars and Canadian militia defeated invading American forces in eastern Hamilton.
Gore Park in 1870. The park was a public square for the settlement, and remains the centre of the city.
Map with the Niagara Escarpment in red. Easy access to limestone from the escarpment helped propel Hamilton into an important iron and steel producing city.
The Orange Order in Gore Park in the 1870s. The Order, made up largely of Northern Irish Protestants, grew in popularity with large scale immigration from the British Isles.
1906 photo of Alexander Graham Bell at his home in nearby Brantford. Hamilton was home to the British Empire's first telephone exchange.
Hamilton Street Railway (HSR) streetcar in 1909. The HSR transitioned from horse-drawn public transit to electrical-powered vehicles in 1892.
International Harvester Company buildings by the waterfront, taken in 1907. The beginning of the 20th century saw continued growth for industries in Hamilton.
The yard at the Hamilton Terminal Station as seen in the early 1920s, during the station's heyday.
University Hall of McMaster University in 2017. The university moved to Hamilton in 1930.
Colin Campbell Ferrie, Hamilton's first mayor
Thomas Bain, Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons
James McMillan was a U.S. Senator from the state of Michigan from 1889 to 1902.
Sir John Morison Gibson

Peter Jones, (1802-1856), known in Ojibwe as Kahkewāquonāby; Son of Augustus Jones and Tuhbenahneequay, Indigenous Methodist missionary and Chief of the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation, born on the Burlington Heights.