Tukkhum are systems of social organisation in traditional Chechen society.wikipedia
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A tukkhum is a grand alliance of familial clans or teips. During the 16th and 17th centuries nine tukkhums, composed of separate teips were formed in Chechnya,
The teip membership and the tukkhum membership defined the social position of a Chechen.
Tukkhum are systems of social organisation in traditional Chechen society.
Each tukhum spoke their own dialect of the Vainakh language.
During the 16th and 17th centuries nine tukkhums, composed of separate teips were formed in Chechnya,
Ethnic autonomous regions
Kinship and descent
Most teips made unions called Tukkhum.
The Terloy (also Terlo, Teroy) (Chechen: ТIерлой, ТIерой) is a Chechen tukkhum.
Bashlam has always been a sacred site for the Nakh and home of the Akkhi and Nart-Orsxtoi Tukkhums.
The area of the modern district was historically a part of Akkia, the homeland of the Akki Chechens (one of the nine Chechen tukkhums). During the Soviet times, it was incorporated as Aukhovsky District of the Chechen-Ingush ASSR and included the territories of modern Novolaksky District along with parts of Kazbekovsky and Khasavyurtovsky Districts.
These 75 families, realizing the impossibility of existing as a nation of only hundreds of people, joined (or rejoined) the Chechen nation as the Erstkhoi tukkhum.
Karachay people live in communities that are divided into families and clans (tukums).