Tumulus

tumuliburial moundbarrowbarrowsburial moundsgrave moundsgrave moundmoundmoundsNative American mound
A tumulus (plural tumuli) is a mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves.wikipedia
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Kurgan

kurgansburial moundburial mounds
Tumuli are also known as barrows, burial mounds or kurgans, and may be found throughout much of the world.
A kurgan is a type of tumulus constructed over a grave, often characterized by containing a single human body along with grave vessels, weapons and horses.

Long barrow

chambered long barrowlong barrowsbarrows
In this respect, a long barrow is a long tumulus, usually constructed on top of several burials, such as passage graves.
The structures have an earthen tumulus, or "barrow", sometimes with a timber or stone chamber in one end.

Passage grave

passage tombpassage gravespassage tombs
In this respect, a long barrow is a long tumulus, usually constructed on top of several burials, such as passage graves.
When covered in earth, a passage grave is a one kind of burial mound which are found in various forms all over the world.

Disc barrow

Disc Barrows
A disc barrow is a type of tumulus or round barrow, a variety of fancy barrow identified in English Heritage's Monument Class Descriptions.

Bell barrow

Bell Barrows
A bell barrow, sometimes referred to as a Wessex type barrow, campanulate form barrow, or a bermed barrow is a type of tumulus identified as such by both John Aubrey and William Stukeley.

Bowl barrow

Round cairncairn circleKerb cairn
A bowl barrow is a type of burial mound or tumulus.

Round barrow

round barrowsbarrowsaucer barrow
A round barrow is a round tumulus, also commonly constructed on top of burials.
A round barrow is a type of tumulus and is one of the most common types of archaeological monuments.

Stonehenge

Stone HengeStonehendgeFolklore of Stonehenge
The project was instigated by Tim Daw, a local farmer and steward of Stonehenge.
The stones are set within earthworks in the middle of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred tumuli (burial mounds).

Mound

earth moundmoundsTheri
A tumulus (plural tumuli) is a mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves. Archaeologists often classify tumuli according to their location, form, and date of construction (see also mound).
Artificial mounds have been created for a variety of reasons throughout history, including ceremonial (platform mound), burial (tumulus), and commemorative purposes (e.g. Kościuszko Mound).

Burial

interredexhumedinhumation
In this respect, a long barrow is a long tumulus, usually constructed on top of several burials, such as passage graves.
Through time, mounds of earth, temples, and caverns were used to store the dead bodies of ancestors.

Bank barrow

Bank Barrows (multi-period)
A bank barrow, sometimes referred to as a barrow-bank, ridge barrow, or ridge mound, is a type of tumulus first identified by O.G.S. Crawford in 1938.

Chamber tomb

burial chamberchambered tombburial chambers
The method of may involve a dolmen, a cist, a mortuary enclosure, a mortuary house, or a chamber tomb.
Most chamber tombs were constructed from large stones or megaliths and covered by cairns, barrows or earth.

Six Hills

six burial moundsStevenage Parkrun
The Six Hills are a collection of Roman barrows situated alongside the old Great North Road on Six Hills Common in Stevenage, Hertfordshire, England.

Pond barrow

A pond barrow is a burial mound, circular in shape, well formed, and with an embanked rim made of the earth taken from the depression made in the ground.

Cenotaph

cenotaphsThe Cenotaphcentotaph
Smaller tumuli were used as the burial mounds, while bigger (some up to 7 metres high with 60 metres long base) were the cenotaphs (empty tombs) and ritual places.
Cenotaphs were common in the ancient world, with many built in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece and across Northern Europe (in the shape of Neolithic barrows).

Chernihiv

ChernigovCzernihówChernigiv
In Ukraine and Russia, there are royal kurgans of Varangian chieftains, such as the Black Grave in Ukrainian Chernihiv (excavated in the 19th century), Oleg's Grave in Russian Staraya Ladoga, and vast, intricate Rurik's Hill near Russian Novgorod.
It was there that the Black Grave, one of the largest and earliest royal mounds in Eastern Europe, was excavated in the 19th century.

Archaeology

archaeologistarchaeologicalarchaeologists
Archaeologists often classify tumuli according to their location, form, and date of construction (see also mound).
Cunnington made meticulous recordings of Neolithic and Bronze Age barrows, and the terms he used to categorize and describe them are still used by archaeologists today.

Albania

Republic of AlbaniaAlbanianALB
Multiple artefacts from the Iron and Bronze Ages by tumulus burials have been unearthed in central and southern Albania which has similar affinity with the sites in southwestern Macedonia and Lefkada.

Shum-gora

Shum GoraPeredolian sopkaRurik's Hill
In Ukraine and Russia, there are royal kurgans of Varangian chieftains, such as the Black Grave in Ukrainian Chernihiv (excavated in the 19th century), Oleg's Grave in Russian Staraya Ladoga, and vast, intricate Rurik's Hill near Russian Novgorod.
Shum Gora (Шум-гора: "Noise Hill") is a massive kurgan (tumulus) situated in Peredolskaya Volost, near the bank of the Luga River, Batetsky District, Novgorod Oblast, northwestern Russia, about 60 km west of Novgorod.

Mortuary house

The method of may involve a dolmen, a cist, a mortuary enclosure, a mortuary house, or a chamber tomb.
Following the laying to rest of the deceased, who is often surrounded with grave goods, an earthwork called a kurgan in Russian or barrow in English is raised over the house and the structure left sealed.

Cairn

burial cairncairnsburial cairns
A cairn, which is a mound of stones built for various purposes, may also originally have been a tumulus.
The latter are often relatively massive Bronze Age or earlier structures which, like kistvaens and dolmens, frequently contain burials; they are comparable to tumuli (kurgans), but of stone construction instead of earthworks.

Gödény-halom

There are over 40,000 tumuli in the Great Hungarian Plain, the highest is Gödény-halom near the settlement of Békésszentandrás, in Békés county.
Gödény-halom is a prehistoric mound situated near the village of Békésszentandrás in Békés County, in the Southern Great Plain region of south-east Hungary.

Cist

cistsstone cistcist burial
The method of may involve a dolmen, a cist, a mortuary enclosure, a mortuary house, or a chamber tomb.
A cist may have been associated with other monuments, perhaps under a cairn or long barrow.

Oval barrow

Oval Barrowsovate
An oval barrow is the name given by archaeologists to a type of prehistoric burial tumulus of roughly oval shape.

Vikings

VikingNorseDanes
There are numerous burial sites associated with Vikings throughout Europe and their sphere of influence—in Scandinavia, the British Isles, Ireland, Greenland, Iceland, Faeroe Islands, Germany, The Baltic, Russia, etc. The burial practices of the Vikings were quite varied, from dug graves in the ground, to tumuli, sometimes including so-called ship burials.