Tunisia

TUNTunisianRepublic of TunisiaTunisian RepublicTunesiaTunisTunisieTNTunisians1957
Tunisia, officially the Republic of Tunisia, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa, covering 163,610 km2.wikipedia
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Tunis

Tunis, TunisiaTunesMellassine
Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast.
Tunis is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia.

Maghreb

Northwest AfricaMaghribNorth Africa
Tunisia, officially the Republic of Tunisia, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa, covering 163,610 km2.
The region consists primarily of the countries Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania.

Algeria

AlgerianPeople's Democratic Republic of AlgeriaAlgérie
It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east.
Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by the Western Saharan territory, Mauritania, and Mali, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea.

Libya

State of LibyaLibyanLBY
It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east.
Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.

North Africa

Northern AfricaNorth AfricanNorth
Tunisia, officially the Republic of Tunisia, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa, covering 163,610 km2.
Others have limited it to the countries of Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia, a region that was known by the French during colonial times as "Afrique du Nord" and is known by Arabs as the Maghreb ("West", The western part of Arab World).

Sardinia

SardegnaSardinia, ItalySardinian
Its 1,300 km of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar.
It is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea after Sicily, and is located west of the Italian Peninsula, north of Tunisia, and to the immediate south of the French island of Corsica.

Atlas Mountains

AtlasAtlas Mountain SystemAtlas mountain range
Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert.
It stretches around 2500 km through Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia.

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

COMESACommon Market of East and Southern AfricaCommon Market for East and Southern Africa
It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States.
The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is a free trade area with twenty-one member states stretching from Tunisia to Eswatini.

Sahara

Sahara DesertSaharanSaharan Desert
Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert.
The Sahara covers large parts of Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia.

Carthage

CarthaginianCarthaginiansCarthago
Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage.
Carthage was the center or capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization, on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis in what is now the Tunis Governorate in Tunisia.

Zine El Abidine Ben Ali

Ben AliZine el-Abidine Ben AliPresident Ben Ali
In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections.
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (زين العابدين بن علي, '; 3 September 1936 – 19 September 2019), commonly known as Ben Ali''', was a Tunisian politician and President of Tunisia from 1987 until his fall in 2011.

Tunisian Revolution

TunisiaJasmine Revolution2010–2011 Tunisian protests
In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections.
It included a series of street demonstrations which took place in Tunisia, and led to the ousting of longtime president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in January 2011.

2011 Tunisian Constituent Assembly election

Constituent Assembly election2011 Constituent Assembly electionTunisian Constituent Assembly election, 2011
In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections.
An election for a constituent assembly in Tunisia was announced on 3 March 2011 and held on 23 October 2011, following the Tunisian revolution.

Habib Bourguiba

BourguibaPresident BourguibaHabib Bourgiba
Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957.
He first served as the second Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Tunisia before proclaiming the Republic of Tunisia in 1957 and thus becoming the first President of Tunisia.

Ifriqiya

IfriqiyahIfrīqiyaNorth Africa
Before Tunisia, the territory's name was Ifriqiya or Africa, which gave the present-day name of the continent Africa.
Ifriqiya, known professionally as el-Maghrib el-Adna''', was the area during medieval history comprising what is today Tunisia, Tripolitania (western Libya) and the Constantinois (eastern Algeria) — all part of what was previously included in the Africa Province of the Roman Empire.

El Djem

El JemEl-Jem AmphitheaterJem
The Romans occupied Tunisia for most of the next 800 years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater.
El Djem or El Jem (Tunisian Arabic:الجمّ, ) is a town in Mahdia Governorate, Tunisia.

Africa (Roman province)

AfricaAfrica ProconsularisRoman North Africa
Before Tunisia, the territory's name was Ifriqiya or Africa, which gave the present-day name of the continent Africa.
It roughly comprised the territory of present-day Tunisia, the northeast of Algeria, and the coast of western Libya along the Gulf of Sirte.

Italy–Tunisia relations

with Italy
Close relations with Europe, in particular with France and with Italy, have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization.
Italy–Tunisia relations are foreign relations between the Italian Republic and the Republic of Tunisia.

Bizerte

BizertaBizerte, TunisiaHippo Diarrhytus
Its coast was settled by Phoenicians starting as early as the 12th century BC (Bizerte, Utica).
Bizerte or Bizerta, the classical Hippo''', is a town of Bizerte Governorate in Tunisia.

European Union Association Agreement

Association AgreementPartnership and Cooperation AgreementAssociation Agreements
It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States.
The countries of the Mediterranean (Algeria, Morocco, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, the Palestinian Authority, Syria, Tunisia) and Eastern Europe neighbours (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine, but excluding Russia that insists on creating four EU-Russia Common Spaces) are covered by ENP.

Organisation internationale de la Francophonie

La FrancophonieFrancophonieOIF
It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States.
Tunisia is to host the next summit in 2020.

Arab Maghreb Union

AMUMaghreb Arab UnionAMU/UMA
It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States.
Its members are the nations of Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia.

Tanit

goddess TankTanutlunar goddess
It is sometimes also associated with the Punic goddess Tanith (aka Tunit), ancient city of Tynes.
The name appears to have originated in Carthage (modern day Tunisia), though it does not appear in local theophorous names.

Strait of Sicily

Sicilian ChannelChannel of SicilySicilian Narrows
Its 1,300 km of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar.
The Strait of Sicily (also known as Sicilian Strait, Sicilian Channel, Channel of Sicily, Sicilian Narrows and Pantelleria Channel; Canale di Sicilia or the Stretto di Sicilia; Canali di Sicilia or Strittu di Sicilia, مضيق صقلية Mażīq siqilliyya or مضيق الوطن القبلي Mażīq al-Waṭan al-Qiblī) is the strait between Sicily and Tunisia.

Council of Arab Economic Unity

Greater Arab Free Trade AreaCAEUGAFTA
It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States.
The Council of Arab Economic Unity (CAEU) (Arabic: ) was founded by Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Mauritania, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen on May 30, 1964, following an agreement in 1957 by the Economic Council of the Arab League.