Tunku Abdul Rahman

Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-HajTunku Abdul Rahman PutraTunku Abdul Rahman Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim ShahTunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj Ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-HajAbdul RahmanPrime Minister Tuanku Abdul RahmanPrince Tunku Abdul RahmanSolidarity WeekTengku Abdul Rahman
Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah, (Jawi: تونكو عبدالرحمن ڤوترا الحاج ابن المرحوم سلطان عبدالحميد حاليم شه) ; (8 February 1903 – 6 December 1990) was a Malaysian statesman who served as Malaysia's head of government from 1955 to 1970.wikipedia
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Sarawak

Sarawak, MalaysiaSarawakianBritish Borneo
He remained Prime Minister following the formation of Malaysia in 1963, when Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore merged with Malaya, until his resignation in 1970.
On 27 May 1961, Tunku Abdul Rahman, the prime minister of the Federation of Malaya, announced a plan to form a greater federation together with Singapore, Sarawak, Sabah and Brunei, to be called Malaysia.

List of national founders

Founding Fathersfounding fatherfounder
Commonly known simply as "Tunku" (a Malay royal title), Tunku Abdul Rahman is widely regarded, even by his critics, as Malaysia's "founding father", the architect of Malayan independence and the formation of Malaysia.
Tunku Abdul Rahman (1903–1990) usually known as "the Tunku" (a princely title in Malaysia), and also called Bapa Kemerdekaan (Father of Independence) or Bapa Malaysia (Father of Malaysia), was Chief Minister of the Federation of Malaya from 1955, and the country's first Prime Minister from independence in 1957.

Debsirin School

Debsirin
He and his fellow siblings were later sent by his parents to Debsirin School in Bangkok.
Founded by King Chulalongkorn in 1885, its alumni include King Ananda Mahidol, Malaysia's founding father Tunku Abdul Rahman, more than 70 cabinet members, including 5 prime ministers, and numerous military leaders and dignitaries.

Violet Coulson

Due to the fact that Tunku Ibrahim, the Regent, was known to be strongly opposed to mixed marriages and since there was a law in Kedah which forbade members of the royal family to marry non-Malays without the prior approval of the Ruler or Regent, the Tunku married Violet Coulson who lived in Penang.
Violet Coulson was the second wife of Tunku Abdul Rahman, the first Prime Minister of Malaysia.

Singapore

Republic of SingaporeSingapore CitySingaporean
He remained Prime Minister following the formation of Malaysia in 1963, when Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore merged with Malaya, until his resignation in 1970.
On 27 May 1961, Malaya's Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman, made a surprise proposal of a Federation of Malaysia, comprising existing Federation of Malaya, Singapore, Brunei and the British Borneo territories of North Borneo and Sarawak.

Penang Free School

Free SchoolPenang Free School Junior
He returned home in 1915 to continue his education at the Penang Free School.
In addition, the school is renowned for producing several notable Malaysian and Singaporean personalities, including Tunku Abdul Rahman, P. Ramlee, Wu Lien-teh and Wee Chong Jin; its alumni are known as the 'Old Frees '.

Kolej Sultan Abdul Hamid

Sultan Abdul Hamid CollegeKolej Sultan Abdul Hamid, Alor Setar
He received early education at the Alor Setar Malay Primary School before furthering his studies at the government English school, Sultan Abdul Hamid College.

Proclamation of Malaysia

16 September 1963formation of Malaysia
Commonly known simply as "Tunku" (a Malay royal title), Tunku Abdul Rahman is widely regarded, even by his critics, as Malaysia's "founding father", the architect of Malayan independence and the formation of Malaysia.
The merger came into effect on 16 September 1963, and the proclamation was delivered on that date by Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman in the Stadium Merdeka in Kuala Lumpur.

Kuala Lumpur

Kuala Lumpur, MalaysiaSentulKuala Lampur
Sir Harold MacMichael, representing the British Government, arrived in Kuala Lumpur on 11 October 1945.
The British flag was lowered and the Malayan flag was raised for the first time at the Padang on the midnight of 30 August 1957, and in the morning of 31 August, the ceremony for the Declaration of Independence was held at the Merdeka Stadium by the first Prime Minister of Malaya, Tunku Abdul Rahman.

Abdul Hamid Halim of Kedah

Abdul Hamid Halim ShahSultan Abdul Hamid Halim ShahSultan Abdul Hamid Halim
Tunku Abdul Rahman was born on 8 February 1903, at Istana Pelamin Palace in Alor Setar, Kedah, the seventh son and one of 45 children of Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah, the twenty-fifth ruler of the Kedah Sultanate.
The Sultan's seventh son and twentieth child with Makche Manjelara, Tunku Abdul Rahman, who would later become the first Prime Minister of Malaysia.

Badlishah of Kedah

Sultan BadlishahSultan Badlishah of KedahBadlishah Shah
Tunku's eldest surviving brother, Tunku Badlishah, had succeeded Tunku Mahmud as Regent in 1937 when the latter died.
He was the elder half brother of the first Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman.

Abdul Rahman of Negeri Sembilan

Tuanku Abdul RahmanTuanku Abdul Rahman ibni Almarhum Tuanku MuhammadAbdul Rahman
On Tunku's initiative, the Malay Society of Great Britain was formed, with Tuanku Abdul Rahman of Negeri Sembilan (later the 1st Yang Di-Pertuan Agong) as President and Tunku Abdul Rahman of Kedah as Honorary Secretary and the driving force.
Tuanku Abdul Rahman believed strongly in parliamentary democracy and one of his most memorable quotes was to a foreign dignitary from the Middle East who in 1959 complained about Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj's "high handed" manner and wanted the King to sack him.

Perak

GopengPerak Darul RidzuanSultanate of Perak
He was also responsible for the acquiring of emergency food stores from the Government Rice Mill at Bagan Serai in Perak.
In 1961, the Prime Minister of the Federation of Malaya, Tunku Abdul Rahman, sought to unite Malaya with the British colonies of North Borneo, Sarawak, and Singapore.

Tan Tong Hye

Mohammad Tahir Tan Tong HyeT. H. TanT.H Tan
After some final travel arrangements, Tunku and T.H Tan left Singapore on 21 April 1954, for London.
He is mainly remembered for being among the three men (the others being Tunku Abdul Rahman and Tun Abdul Razak) who took part in the UMNO-MCA Alliance delegation to London in 1954 to demand for an effective elected majority in the Federal Legislative Council of Malaya.

Malacca

MelakaMalacaMalakka
Tunku called for an emergency meeting at UMNO in Malacca where he asked for financial help.
The declaration of independence was made by the first Prime Minister of Malaya, Tunku Abdul Rahman, at Padang Pahlawan on 20 February 1956, which eventually led to the independence of Malaya on 31 August 1957.

Ismail Abdul Rahman

Tun Dr IsmailTun Dr Ismail Abdul RahmanDr Ismail
He brought H. S. Lee and Dr Ismail.
On passing through Kuala Lumpur on the way to their honeymoon in Penang, they met Tunku Abdul Rahman, who would later succeed Dato Onn as President of UMNO.

Federation of Malaya Independence Act 1957

Malayan independenceindependence from Britainindependence from the British in 1957
Commonly known simply as "Tunku" (a Malay royal title), Tunku Abdul Rahman is widely regarded, even by his critics, as Malaysia's "founding father", the architect of Malayan independence and the formation of Malaysia.
After extensive work to stabilize the political situation and reduce racial tensions, the British government finally ceded full autonomy to the Federation of Malaya on August 31, 1957 and the country achieved independence, led by the inaugural prime minister Tunku Abdul Rahman, who remained in office until 1970.

Malaysian Chinese Association

MCAMalayan Chinese AssociationMalaysian Chinese Association (MCA)
One of these political organisation was the Malayan Chinese Association, or MCA.
Prior to the 1959 General Election, Lim pressed for an increase of the allocated number of seats from 28 to 40, but this was refused by UMNO leader Tunku Abdul Rahman.

Baling Talks

try and resolve
Further information: Baling Talks
The main participants were Chin Peng, David Marshall and Tunku Abdul Rahman.

Malaysian Chinese

ChineseChinese Malaysianethnic Chinese
But even before the end of that period, it became clear that although influential Chinese and some prominent Indians and Ceylonese had become members of Onn Jaafar's new party, very few Malays had done so.
Early in 1961 when Malayan Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman outlined the idea for a "Grand Malaysian Alliance" comprising the British protectorate of Brunei and Crown colonies of North Borneo, Sarawak and Singapore, the leader of Singapore under ethnic Chinese Lee Kuan Yew who is also against the communist movement become the utmost supporter towards the proposal with its party of People's Action Party (PAP) rallying for equality for all future Malaysians, regardless of their "class, skin colour or creed" with equal concept rested on a multi-ethnic society involving each of races in the entities which is not solely to be "Malayised" after the merger.

Malaysian Islamic Party

PASPan-Malaysian Islamic PartyPMIP
The Alliance won 51 seats, the Pan Malayan Islamic Party (PMIP) won only one seat and the National Party (PN) won none.
PAS's attacks on Tunku Abdul Rahman's Alliance government for seeking Western assistance during the confrontation, and the party's continued support for Southeast Asian pas-Islamism, led to a loss of support in the 1964 election.

Mahathir Mohamad

Mahathir bin MohamadMahathir MohamedDato' Sri Dr Mahathir Mohamad
He subsequently resigned from UMNO presidency in June 1971, in the midst of severe opposition of the 'Young Turks' comprising party rebels such as Mahathir Mohamad and Musa Hitam.
He served one term before losing his seat, subsequently falling out with Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman and being expelled from UMNO.

Ibrahim of Johor

Sultan Ibrahim Al-MasyhurSultan IbrahimSultan Ibrahim of Johor
He came to Alor Setar after visiting the Sultans of Johor, Selangor, Pahang, and Perak and securing their signatures to a new treaty.
Sultan Ibrahim became increasingly uncomfortable with the idea of Johor as a state within the Federation of Malaya, particularly when the prospect of an independent Federation free from British interference became increasingly clearer under Tunku Abdul Rahman's leadership.

Malay styles and titles

Tan SriDatukDato
Commonly known simply as "Tunku" (a Malay royal title), Tunku Abdul Rahman is widely regarded, even by his critics, as Malaysia's "founding father", the architect of Malayan independence and the formation of Malaysia.
The father of Malayan independence, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj, received no awards and carried the title "Tunku", which he inherited as the prince of the state of Kedah.

St Catharine's College, Cambridge

St Catharine's CollegeSt CatharineSt. Catharine's College, Cambridge
He was accepted as an undergraduate at St Catharine's College, one of the colleges of the University of Cambridge and graduated with a bachelor's degree of Arts in Law and History in 1925.