Tupolev Tu-160

Tu-160Tu-160 BlackjackTu-160 'Blackjack Tupolev Tu-160 'BlackjackBlackjackTu-160 "BlackjackTu-160 bomberTu-160M2Tu-161Tupolev Tu-160 "Beliy Lebed
The Tupolev Tu-160 (Туполев Ту-160 Белый лебедь; NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed by the Tupolev Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.wikipedia
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Russian Air Force

Air ForceAerospace ForcesRussian Federation Air Force
As of 2016, the Russian Air Force's Long Range Aviation branch has at least 16 aircraft in service. According to Dmitri Rogozin, the serial production of completely new airframes for the modernized Tu-160M2 should begin in 2019 with deliveries to the Russian Air Force in 2023.
Some aircraft in Belarus and Ukraine (such as Tupolev Tu-160s) were returned to Russia, sometimes in return for debt reductions, as well as a long-range aviation division based at Dolon in Kazakhstan.

NATO reporting name

reporting nameNATOreporting name:
The Tupolev Tu-160 (Туполев Ту-160 Белый лебедь; NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed by the Tupolev Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
For example, the Russian bomber jet Tupolev Tu-160 is simply called "Blackjack".

Supersonic speed

supersonicsupersonic flightMach 2
The Tupolev Tu-160 (Туполев Ту-160 Белый лебедь; NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed by the Tupolev Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
Some large bombers, such as the Tupolev Tu-160 and Rockwell B-1 Lancer are also supersonic-capable.

Tupolev PAK DA

PAK DATu PAK DA
General Viktor Bondarev has said that development of the PAK DA will continue alongside resumption of production of the older model bomber.
The PAK DA is set to complement and eventually replace older variants, namely the Tupolev Tu-95 and Tupolev Tu-160, in Russia's Air Force service.

Kh-55

Raduga Kh-55Kh-101AS-15
The upgrade also integrated the ability to launch two new conventional versions of the long-range Kh-55 nuclear cruise missile—the Kh-101 and Kh-555. On 17 November 2015, Tu-160 and Tu-95MS long-range strategic bombers of the Russian Air Force took part in the Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War, striking IS targets in the Idlib and Aleppo provinces with the Kh-101 air-launched cruise missiles fired from the Mediterranean.
The Kh-55 can be carried by the Tupolev Tu-95MS ('Bear-H') and Tu-142M ('Bear-F'), and the Kh-55SM is carried by the Tupolev Tu-160 ('Blackjack').

Tupolev Tu-144

Tu-144Tupolev Tu-144DTupolev Tu-144S
The Tupolev design, named Aircraft 160M, with a lengthened blended wing layout and incorporating some elements of the Tu-144, competed against the Myasishchev M-18 and the Sukhoi T-4 designs.
Tejavia Systems, the company handling the transaction, reported in September 2003 that the deal was not signed as the replacement Kuznetsov NK-321 engines from a Tupolev Tu-160 bomber were military hardware and the Russian government would not allow them to be exported.

Strategic bomber

strategic bombersbomberstrategic
The Tupolev Tu-160 (Туполев Ту-160 Белый лебедь; NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed by the Tupolev Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
Newer strategic bombers such as the Rockwell International B-1B Lancer, the Tupolev Tu-160, and the Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit designs incorporate various levels of stealth technology in an effort to avoid detection, especially by radar networks.

37th Air Army

Long Range Aviation Command37th Air Armies37th Air Army High Command
Nevertheless, Lt. Gen. Igor Khvorov claimed that Tu-160s managed to penetrate the US sector of the Arctic undetected on 25 April 2006, leading to a USAF investigation according to a Russian source.
It was equipped with Tupolev Tu-95MS and Tu-160 armed with nuclear cruise missiles, and the intermediate range Tu-22M3 bombers.

Kazan Aircraft Production Association

KAPOaviation plant 124Gorbunov airplane factory
Production was authorized in 1984, beginning at the Kazan Aircraft Production Association.
KAPO currently produces Tu-214 passenger planes and Tu-160 strategic bombers.

Heavy bomber

heavy bombersheavyBombardment
The Tupolev Tu-160 (Туполев Ту-160 Белый лебедь; NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed by the Tupolev Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
In 1987 the Soviet Tu-160 — the heaviest supersonic bomber/aircraft ever built — entered service; it can carry twelve long-range cruise missiles.

Kuznetsov NK-32

Kuznetsov NK-321NK-32NK-321
The Tu-160 is powered by four Kuznetsov NK-32 afterburning turbofan engines, the most powerful ever fitted to a combat aircraft.
The Kuznetsov NK-32 is an afterburning three-spool low bypass turbofan jet engine which powers the Tupolev Tu-160 supersonic bomber, and was fitted to the later model Tupolev Tu-144LL supersonic transport.

Tupolev

Tupolev Design BureauTuTupolev Tu-444
The Tupolev Tu-160 (Туполев Ту-160 Белый лебедь; NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed by the Tupolev Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
In the 1980s the design bureau developed the supersonic Tu-160 strategic bomber.

Myasishchev M-18

M-18
The Tupolev design, named Aircraft 160M, with a lengthened blended wing layout and incorporating some elements of the Tu-144, competed against the Myasishchev M-18 and the Sukhoi T-4 designs.
The project was dropped in favour of the Tupolev Tu-160 program.

Variable-sweep wing

swing-wingvariable fightervariable-geometry wing
The Tupolev Tu-160 (Туполев Ту-160 Белый лебедь; NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed by the Tupolev Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
The last variable-sweep wing military aircraft to date was the Soviet Tupolev Tu-160 "Blackjack" strategic bomber, which first flew in 1980.

Vladimir Putin

PutinPresident PutinPresident Vladimir Putin
The aircraft made its first public flight above the Kazan aviation plant on 25 January 2018, during president Vladimir Putin's visit.
In September 2008, Russia sent Tupolev Tu-160 bombers to Venezuela to carry out training flights.

Tupolev Tu-22M

Tu-22MTu-22M3Tupolev Tu-22M3
The regiment previously operating Tu-16 and Tu-22M3 strategic bombers became the first unit that received the Tu-160.
Much of the new avionics are shared with the upgraded Tu-160M2.

Dmitry Rogozin

Dmitriy RogozinDmitri RogozinDmitry Olegovich Rogozin
According to Dmitri Rogozin, the serial production of completely new airframes for the modernized Tu-160M2 should begin in 2019 with deliveries to the Russian Air Force in 2023.
In response, he made two threatening posts on his Twitter account, one of which stated that next time, he would fly on board a Tu-160 bomber.

Anti-flash white

antiflash whitehighly reflective whitereflect the thermal flash
Another significant difference is that the colour scheme on the B-1B Lancer is usually subdued dark gray to reduce visibility; the Tu-160 is painted with anti-flash white, giving it the nickname among Russian airmen "White Swan".
The Tupolev Tu-160 of the 1980s was the first series-built Soviet/Russian bomber aircraft to be painted anti-flash white all over, leading to its Beliy Lebed ("White Swan") Russian nickname.

Stealth aircraft

stealthstealth fighterstealth bomber
Although the Tu-160 was designed for reduced detectability to both radar and infrared signature, it is not a stealth aircraft.

Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War

Russian military intervention in SyriaRussian airstrikesRussian intervention in Syria
On 17 November 2015, Tu-160 and Tu-95MS long-range strategic bombers of the Russian Air Force took part in the Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War, striking IS targets in the Idlib and Aleppo provinces with the Kh-101 air-launched cruise missiles fired from the Mediterranean.
On 17 November 2015, in the wake of the Russian jet crash over Sinai and the Paris attacks, according to the Russian defence minister′s public report to the president of Russia Vladimir Putin, Russia employed the Russia-based Tu-160, Tu-95MSM, and Tu-22M3 long range strategic bombers firing air-launched cruise missiles to hit what he said were the IS targets in Raqqa, Deir ez-Zor as well as targets in the provinces of Aleppo and Idlib.

Long-Range Aviation

Long Range AviationLong Range Air Forcelong-range
As of 2016, the Russian Air Force's Long Range Aviation branch has at least 16 aircraft in service.
During the 1980s, DA introduced the Tupolev Tu-160 (Blackjack) high-performance bomber, similar to and slightly larger than the American B-1 Lancer.

Engels-2 (air base)

Engels-2EngelsEngels Air Base
On 20 October 1999, a group of Russian military experts went to Ukraine to prepare the aircraft for the flight to Engels-2 air base.
Engels is a major bomber operations base, and is Russia's sole operating location for the Tupolev Tu-160 strategic bomber.

Father of All Bombs

FOABATBIPAviation Thermobaric Bomb of Increased Power
On 11 September 2007, according to Russian government sources, a Tu-160 deployed a massive fuel-air explosive device, called Father of All Bombs, for its first field test.
Some defense analysts question both the yield of the bomb and whether it could be deployed by a Tupolev Tu-160 bomber.

Simón Bolívar International Airport (Venezuela)

Simón Bolívar International AirportSimon Bolivar International AirportCaracas
On 10 December 2018, two Tu-160s accompanied by an An-124 cargo plane and an Il-62 passenger plane, landed at the Maiquetía airport in Venezuela.
In support of President Nicolas Maduro's government, Russian Air Force aircraft, including Tupolev Tu-160 bombers, were deployed to the airport in early December 2018.

IAI Kfir

KfirF-21F-21/C-2 Kfir
Two Colombian Air Force IAI Kfirs stationed at Barranquilla intercepted and escorted the two Tu-160s out of Colombian airspace after the second violation.
On November 1, 2013, two Colombian Air Force IAI Kfirs intercepted Russian Air Force Tu-160s that had entered Colombian airspace.