Turkic Khaganate

Göktürk KhaganateGöktürk EmpireTurksTurkicTurkic KaganateEastern Turkic KaganateSecond Turkic KhaganateFirst Turkic KaganateGokturk EmpireGokturk Khaganate
The Turkic Khaganate or Göktürk Khaganate was a khaganate established by the Ashina clan of the Göktürks in medieval Inner Asia.wikipedia
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Göktürks

TujueGöktürkGokturks
The Turkic Khaganate or Göktürk Khaganate was a khaganate established by the Ashina clan of the Göktürks in medieval Inner Asia.
552) and his sons, succeeded the Rouran Khaganate as the main power in the region and established the Turkic Khaganate, one of several nomadic dynasties which would shape the future geolocation, culture, and dominant beliefs of Turkic peoples.

Western Turkic Khaganate

Western TujueWestern TurksWestern Turkic Kaganate
The first Turkic Khaganate collapsed in 581, after which followed a series of conflicts and civil wars which separated the polity into the Eastern Turkic Khaganate and Western Turkic Khaganate.
The Western Turkic Khaganate or Onoq Khaganate was a Turkic khaganate formed as a result of the wars in the beginning of the 7th century (AD 593–603) after the split of the Göktürk Khaganate (founded in the 6th century in Mongolia by the Ashina clan) into the Western khaganate and the Eastern Turkic Khaganate.The Western Turkic Khaganate was subjugated by the Tang Empire in 657

Eastern Turkic Khaganate

Eastern TujueEastern TurksEastern Turkish
The first Turkic Khaganate collapsed in 581, after which followed a series of conflicts and civil wars which separated the polity into the Eastern Turkic Khaganate and Western Turkic Khaganate.
The Eastern Turkic Khaganate was a Turkic khaganate formed as a result of the internecine wars in the beginning of the 7th century (AD 593–603) after the Göktürk Khaganate (founded in the 6th century in Mongolia by the Ashina clan) had splintered into two polities – Eastern and Western.

Uyghurs

UyghurUighurUighurs
The Second Turkic Khaganate emerged in 682 and lasted until 744 when it was overthrown by the Uyghurs, a different Turkic group.
It was used as the name of one of the Turkic polities formed in the interim between the First and Second Göktürk Khaganates (AD630-684).

Rouran Khaganate

RouranKhagan of RouranRourans
552) and his sons, the Ashina succeeded the Rouran Khaganate as the hegemonic power of the Mongolian Plateau and rapidly expanded their territories in Central Asia.
Bumin declared himself Illig Khagan of the Turkic Khaganate after conquering Otuken; Bumin died soon after and his son Issik Qaghan succeeded him.

Kyrgyz people

KyrgyzKirghizKyrgyzs
His son, Muqan Qaghan, defeated the Hephthalite Empire, Khitan and Kyrgyz.
In 840 a revolt led by the Yenisei Kyrgyz brought down the Uyghur Khaganate, and brought the Yenisei Kyrgyz to a dominating position in the former Turkic Khaganate.

Turkic peoples

TurkicTurksTurkish
It was the first Turkic state to use the name Türk politically and is known for the first written record of any Turkic language in history.
Turkic tribes such as the Khazars and Pechenegs probably lived as nomads for many years before establishing the Turkic Khaganate or Göktürk Empire in the 6th century.

Pannonian Avars

AvarsAvarAvar Khaganate
The appearance of the Pannonian Avars in the West has been interpreted as a nomadic faction fleeing the westward expansion of the Göktürks, although the specifics are a matter of irreconcilable debate given the lack of clear sources and chronology.
Chinese sources state that Bumin Qaghan (Tumen khan), founder of the Turkic Khaganate, defeated the Rouran, some of whom fled and joined the Western Wei.

Tang dynasty

TangTang ChinaTang Empire
The Tang Empire conquered the Eastern Turkic Khaganate in 630 and the Western Turkic Khaganate in 657 in a series of military campaigns. They were successfully played off against each other by Sui and Tang China.
This was during the Tang campaign against the Eastern Turks, a Turkic Khaganate that was destroyed after the capture of its ruler, Illig Qaghan by the famed Tang military officer Li Jing (571–649); who later became a Chancellor of the Tang dynasty.

Ashina tribe

AshinaAshina clanAshina dynasty
The Turkic Khaganate or Göktürk Khaganate was a khaganate established by the Ashina clan of the Göktürks in medieval Inner Asia.
By the 550s, Bumin Khan established the Göktürk Empire, which flourished until the 630s and from 680s until 740s.

Tardu

Kara Çürün
The most serious contender was the western one, Istämi's son Tardu, a violent and ambitious man who had already declared himself independent from the Qaghan after his father's death.
575–603), and Ninth Khagan of the Turkic Khaganate (599–603).

Silk Road

Silk Routesilk tradesilk
This war tightened the Ashina clan's grip on the Silk Road.
In 568 the Byzantine ruler Justin II was greeted by a Sogdian embassy representing Istämi, ruler of the Turkic Khaganate, who formed an alliance with the Byzantines against Khosrow I of the Sasanian Empire that allowed the Byzantines to bypass the Sasanian merchants and trade directly with the Sogdians for purchasing Chinese silk.

Apa Qaghan

TalopienApaApa Khagan
He had willed the title of khagan to Muqan's son Apa Qaghan, but the high council appointed Ishbara Qaghan instead.
Apa Qaghan (Chinese: 阿波可汗, Modern Chinese: Pinyin: ābō kěhàn, Wade-Giles: a-po k'o-han, Middle Chinese: (Guangyun), personal name: 大邏便/大逻便, dàluóbiàn, ta-lo-pien, reigned: 581–587) was son of Muqan Qaghan, declared himself qaghan of the Turkic Khaganate.

Sui dynasty

SuiSui ChinaSui Empire
They were successfully played off against each other by Sui and Tang China.
Externally, the emerging nomadic Turkic (Tujue) Khaganate in the north posed a major threat to the newly founded dynasty.

Muqan Qaghan

Ashina QijinMuhan KhanMuqan
His son, Muqan Qaghan, defeated the Hephthalite Empire, Khitan and Kyrgyz.
Muhan's reign marked the pinnacle of Sogdian cultural influence in the Göktürk Empire.

Nushibi

The name refers to the "ten arrows" that were granted by the khagan to five leaders (shads) of its two constituent tribal confederations, the Dulo and Nushibi, whose lands were divided by the Chui River.
After the split of the First Turkic Khaganate in 604, the Western Turkic Kaganate was initially reorganized as a "ten arrows" Onoq confederation with Nushibi five-tribe right wing dominating over the left wing of the Dulu group of five tribes.

Basmyl

BaximiBasmylsBasmals
When Kutlug I Bilge Kagan of the Uyghurs allied himself with the Karluks and Basmyls, the power of the Göktürks was very much on the wane.
The Basmyls played a prominent role in the Turkic Khaganate from the 6th century, and at one time were the dynastic tribe who led the Khaganate.

Sogdia

SogdianaSogdianSogdians
This polity was described by historians as "the joint enterprise of the Ashina clan and the Soghdians, with large numbers of Chinese bureaucrats being involved as well".
It was widely spoken in Central Asia as a lingua franca and even served as one of the Turkic Khaganate's court languages for writing documents.

Kutlug I Bilge Kagan

Kutlug Bilge QaghanKutlug I BilgeKutlugh Bilge Köl
When Kutlug I Bilge Kagan of the Uyghurs allied himself with the Karluks and Basmyls, the power of the Göktürks was very much on the wane.
Kutlug I Bilge Peilo Khagan, also known by his throne name Qutlugh Bilge Köl Qaghan (骨咄禄毗伽阙可汗, Gǔduōlù Píjiā Quē Kèhán), and in Chinese sources the personal name of Yaoluoge Yibiaobi was the Kaghan of Uyghur Khaganate, the successor state of the Turkic Khaganate.

Tengrism

TengriismTengristTengriist
The Göktürks and other ancient Turkic peoples were mainly adherents of Tengrism, worshipping the sky god Tengri.
It was the prevailing religion of the Turks with Mongols (including Bulgars, Huns, Xiongnu), and, possibly, the Magyars, and the religion of the several medieval states: Göktürk Khaganate, Western Turkic Khaganate, Old Great Bulgaria, Danube Bulgaria, Volga Bulgaria and Eastern Tourkia (Khazaria).

Ishbara Qaghan

IshbaraAshina ShetuIshbara Qağan
He had willed the title of khagan to Muqan's son Apa Qaghan, but the high council appointed Ishbara Qaghan instead.

Karluks

KarlukQarluqKarluk Turks
When Kutlug I Bilge Kagan of the Uyghurs allied himself with the Karluks and Basmyls, the power of the Göktürks was very much on the wane.
In 630, the Aru-Kagan (Chinese Helu) of the Eastern Turkic Kaganate was captured by the Chinese.

Taspar Qaghan

TasparTuobo KhanTaspar Khagan
The Turkic Khanate split in two after the death of the fourth ruler, Taspar Qaghan, c. 584.

Qaghans of the Turkic khaganates

QaghanKhagancomplete list
The Turkic Khaganate (aka Göktürks) was a vast empire in Central Asia and Mongolia between 552 and 745.

Otuken

ÖtükenOtukanÖtükän
Having excelled both in battle and diplomacy, Bumin declared himself Illig Khagan of the new khanate at Otukan, but died a year later.
Ötüken (Old Turkic: 𐰇𐱅𐰚𐰤: 𐰘𐰃𐰽 Ötüken yïš, "Ötüken forest", 𐰇𐱅𐰚𐰤:𐰘𐰼, Ötüken jer, "Land of Ötüken") is a legendary capital city in Turkic Khaganate.