Turku

Turku, FinlandÅboTurku Art MuseumCity of TurkuAboÅbo (Turku) Turku GymnasiumAbo (Turku)Turku DockersTurku-based
Turku (, ; Åbo, ) is a city on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Finland Proper (Varsinais-Suomi).wikipedia
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Finland

FinnishFINRepublic of Finland
Turku (, ; Åbo, ) is a city on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Finland Proper (Varsinais-Suomi).
Other major cities are Espoo, Vantaa, Tampere, Oulu and Turku.

Tallinn

Tallinn, EstoniaRevalRevel
Along with Tallinn, the capital city of Estonia, Turku was designated the European Capital of Culture for 2011.
The city was a European Capital of Culture for 2011, along with Turku in Finland.

Turku sub-region

TurkuGreater TurkuCity Region of Turku
There were 330,192 inhabitants living in the Turku sub-region, ranking it as the third largest urban area in Finland after the Greater Helsinki area and Tampere sub-region.
The Turku Region (Turun seutukunta, Åbo ekonomiska region), The City Region of Turku (Turun kaupunkiseutu, Åbo stadsregion) and Greater Turku (Suur-Turku, Storåbo) all refer to regions of different size surrounding Turku, the capital city of the region of Southwest Finland.

List of urban areas in Finland by population

most populous urban area in Finlandsecond-largestthird largest
There were 330,192 inhabitants living in the Turku sub-region, ranking it as the third largest urban area in Finland after the Greater Helsinki area and Tampere sub-region.

Helsinki

Helsinki, FinlandHelsingforsHEL
After the war Finland became an autonomous grand duchy of the Russian Empire (1809) under the direct rule of the Czar and the capital of the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland was moved to Helsinki (1812).
Official Finnish Government documents and Finnish language newspapers have used the name Helsinki since 1819, when the Senate of Finland moved itself into the city from Turku, the former capital of Finland.

Port of Turku

Turku HarbourTurkuTurku Harbour railway station
Due to its location, Turku is a notable commercial and passenger seaport with over three million passengers traveling through the Port of Turku each year to Stockholm and Mariehamn.
Sited within Finland's sixth largest city, the port principally handles traffic between Turku and the Swedish capital of Stockholm and the enclaved Åland Islands.

Tampere

Tampere, FinlandTammerforsCity of Tampere
There were 330,192 inhabitants living in the Turku sub-region, ranking it as the third largest urban area in Finland after the Greater Helsinki area and Tampere sub-region.
The distance to Turku is roughly the same.

University of Turku

TurkuTurku UniversityTurun Yliopisto
The Finnish names of organizations and institutes of Turku often begin with this word, as in Turun yliopisto for the University of Turku.
The University of Turku (in Finnish Turun yliopisto, in Swedish Åbo universitet, shortened in UTU), located in Turku in southwestern Finland, is the third largest university in the country as measured by student enrollment, after the University of Helsinki and Tampere University.

Bishopric of Turku

Bishop of TurkuÅbo
During the Middle Ages, Turku was the seat of the Bishop of Turku (a title later upgraded to Archbishop of Turku), covering the then eastern half of the Kingdom of Sweden (most of the present-day Finland) until the 17th century.
The Bishop of Turku (episcopus Aboensis) was the medieval Christian religious leader of Finland and is now the title for the suffragan bishop in the Lutheran Archdiocese of Turku.

Southwest Finland

Finland ProperVarsinais-SuomiFinns
Turku (, ; Åbo, ) is a city on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Finland Proper (Varsinais-Suomi).
The region's capital and most populous city is Turku.

Åbo Bloodbath

In the aftermath of the War against Sigismund, the town was the site of the Åbo Bloodbath.
The Åbo Bloodbath (Åbo blodbad) of 10 November 1599 was a public execution in the Finnish town of Turku (Åbo), then part of the Kingdom of Sweden, in the context of the War against Sigismund and the Club War.

Turku Cathedral

Cathedral of TurkucathedralDome of Turku
Turku Cathedral was consecrated in 1300.
The cathedral is situated in the heart of Turku next to the Old Great Square, by the river Aura.

Great Fire of Turku

Great Firedestroyed by fireGreat Fire of 1827
The government offices that remained in Turku were finally moved to the new capital after the Great Fire of Turku, which almost completely destroyed the city in 1827.
The Great Fire of Turku (Turun palo and Åbo brand) was a conflagration that is still the largest urban fire in the history of Finland and the Nordic countries.

Archdiocese of Turku

Archbishop of TurkuTurkuBishop of Finland
During the Middle Ages, Turku was the seat of the Bishop of Turku (a title later upgraded to Archbishop of Turku), covering the then eastern half of the Kingdom of Sweden (most of the present-day Finland) until the 17th century.
It is a part of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland, and its see city is Turku.

Grand Duchy of Finland

FinlandFinnishGrand Duchy
After the war Finland became an autonomous grand duchy of the Russian Empire (1809) under the direct rule of the Czar and the capital of the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland was moved to Helsinki (1812). After the Finnish War, which ended when Sweden ceded Finland to Imperial Russia at the Treaty of Fredrikshamn in 1809, Turku became briefly the official capital, but soon lost the status to Helsinki, as Emperor Alexander I felt that Turku was too far from Russia and too aligned with Sweden to serve as the capital of the Grand Duchy of Finland.
Moreover, Alexander moved the capital from Turku to Helsinki, a small fortified town protected by Suomenlinna.

Diet of Finland

DietFinnish DietDiet of Porvoo
Turku was also the meeting place for the States of Finland in 1676.
Other assemblies (Åbo lantdag) where held in Turku for example in 1676.

History of Finland

Finnish historyFinlandFinnish
Because of its long history, it has been the site of many important events, and has extensively influenced Finnish history.
The Swedish colonisation of Åland Islands, Turku archipelago and Uusimaa could possibly have started in 12th century but it was in its height in 13th and 14th century, when it also affected Eastern-Uusimaa and Pohjanmaa regions.

Åbo Akademi University

Åbo AkademiAbo Akademi UniversityAbo Akademi
In 1918, a new university, the Åbo Akademi – the only Swedish language university in Finland – was founded in Turku.
It is located mainly in Turku (Åbo is the Swedish name of the city) but has also activities in Vaasa.

Market Square, Turku

Market SquareTurku Market Square
For example, the building of Hotel Phoenix that stood on corner of the Market Square was torn down to make way for a large, multistory apartment building in 1959.
The Market Square (Kauppatori, Salutorget) is a city square in the city of Turku, in Finland.

Naantali

Nådendalcity of NaantaliNodenthal
The region includes, in addition to the city itself the following municipalities: Askainen, Kaarina, Lemu, Lieto, Masku, Merimasku, Mynämäki, Naantali, Nousiainen, Paimio, Piikkiö, Raisio, Rusko, Rymättylä, Sauvo, Vahto, and Velkua.
, and is located in the region of Southwest Finland, 14 km west of Turku.

Raisio

The region includes, in addition to the city itself the following municipalities: Askainen, Kaarina, Lemu, Lieto, Masku, Merimasku, Mynämäki, Naantali, Nousiainen, Paimio, Piikkiö, Raisio, Rusko, Rymättylä, Sauvo, Vahto, and Velkua.
The town has a population of 0 and is located in the region of Southwest Finland, neighbouring the region's capital, Turku.

Föri

The Föri, a small ferry that transports pedestrians and bicycles across the river without payment, is a well known feature of the city.
Föri is a ferry running across the River Aura in Turku, Finland.

Finnish War

Russo-Swedish WarFinlandRusso-Swedish War of 1808–1809
After the Finnish War, which ended when Sweden ceded Finland to Imperial Russia at the Treaty of Fredrikshamn in 1809, Turku became briefly the official capital, but soon lost the status to Helsinki, as Emperor Alexander I felt that Turku was too far from Russia and too aligned with Sweden to serve as the capital of the Grand Duchy of Finland.
Abandoned Swedish fortifications on the Hangö Peninsula (Finnish: Hanko) were taken and manned on 21 March and on the same day the Russian army took Åbo (Finnish: Turku) while a small detachment was sent to Åland.

Kaarina

The region includes, in addition to the city itself the following municipalities: Askainen, Kaarina, Lemu, Lieto, Masku, Merimasku, Mynämäki, Naantali, Nousiainen, Paimio, Piikkiö, Raisio, Rusko, Rymättylä, Sauvo, Vahto, and Velkua.
It is located in the Southwest Finland region and is a neighbouring town of Turku, which is the capital of Southwest Finland, therefore Kaarina is a part of the Greater Turku region.

Turku Airport

TurkuLogiCity
Operational since 1955, the city's weather station is located at an altitude of 47 m at Turku Airport.
Turku Airport, is located in Turku, Finland, 8 km north of the centre, in Lentokenttä (Finnish for airfield; Flygfältet) district in the Maaria-Paattinen ward of Turku.