Tuvalu

Ellice IslandsElliceEllice groupEllice IslandTVCulture of TuvaluTUVTuvalu Islands Tuvalu Education in Tuvalu
Tuvalu (formerly known as the Ellice Islands), is a sovereign state in Polynesia, located in the Pacific Ocean, situated in Oceania and about midway between Hawaii and Australia.wikipedia
2,341 Related Articles

Oceania

South PacificPacificSouthwest Pacific
Tuvalu (formerly known as the Ellice Islands), is a sovereign state in Polynesia, located in the Pacific Ocean, situated in Oceania and about midway between Hawaii and Australia.
(The United Nations has its own geopolitical definition of Oceania, but this consists of discrete political entities, and so excludes the Bonin Islands, Hawaii, Clipperton Island, and the Juan Fernández Islands, along with Easter Island.) Oceania has a diverse mix of economies from the highly developed and globally competitive financial markets of Australia and New Zealand, which rank high in quality of life and human development index, to the much less developed economies that belong to countries such as Kiribati and Tuvalu, while also including medium-sized economies of Pacific islands such as Palau, Fiji and Tonga.

Nauru

Republic of NauruDistrictDistricts
The island country lies east-northeast of the Santa Cruz Islands (which belong to the Solomon Islands), southeast of Nauru, south of Kiribati, west of Tokelau, northwest of Samoa and Wallis and Futuna, and north of Fiji.
It further lies northwest of Tuvalu, northeast of the Solomon Islands, east-northeast of Papua New Guinea, southeast of the Federated States of Micronesia and south of the Marshall Islands.

Fiji

Fiji IslandsRepublic of FijiFijian
The island country lies east-northeast of the Santa Cruz Islands (which belong to the Solomon Islands), southeast of Nauru, south of Kiribati, west of Tokelau, northwest of Samoa and Wallis and Futuna, and north of Fiji.
Its closest neighbours are Vanuatu to the west, New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand's Kermadec Islands to the southeast, Tonga to the east, the Samoas and France's Wallis and Futuna to the northeast, and Tuvalu to the north.

Tokelau

Tokelau IslandsUnion IslandsTK
The island country lies east-northeast of the Santa Cruz Islands (which belong to the Solomon Islands), southeast of Nauru, south of Kiribati, west of Tokelau, northwest of Samoa and Wallis and Futuna, and north of Fiji.
Tokelau lies north of the Samoan Islands, east of Tuvalu, south of the Phoenix Islands, southwest of the more distant Line Islands, and northwest of the Cook Islands.

Wallis and Futuna

Wallis and Futuna IslandsWallis IslandsWallis-et-Futuna
The island country lies east-northeast of the Santa Cruz Islands (which belong to the Solomon Islands), southeast of Nauru, south of Kiribati, west of Tokelau, northwest of Samoa and Wallis and Futuna, and north of Fiji.
Wallis and Futuna, officially the Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands (Wallis-et-Futuna or Territoire des îles Wallis-et-Futuna, Fakauvea and Fakafutuna: Uvea mo Futuna), is a French island collectivity in the South Pacific between Tuvalu to the northwest, Fiji to the southwest, Tonga to the southeast, Samoa to the east, and Tokelau to the northeast.

Nui (atoll)

Nui Nui Nui atoll
In 1568, Spanish navigator Álvaro de Mendaña was the first European to sail through the archipelago, sighting the island of Nui during his expedition in search of Terra Australis.
Nui is an atoll and one of nine districts of the Pacific Ocean state of Tuvalu.

Funafuti

Funafuti AtollFuna Futi Funafuti
The island of Funafuti was named Ellice's Island in 1819; the name Ellice was applied to all of the nine islands after the work of English hydrographer Alexander George Findlay. On Niutao, Funafuti and Vaitupu, the founding ancestor is described as being from Samoa, whereas on Nanumea, the founding ancestor is described as being from Tonga. The next European to visit was Arent Schuyler de Peyster, of New York, captain of the armed brigantine or privateer Rebecca, sailing under British colours, which passed through the southern Tuvaluan waters in May 1819; de Peyster sighted Nukufetau and Funafuti, which he named Ellice's Island after an English politician, Edward Ellice, the Member of Parliament for Coventry and the owner of the Rebeccas cargo.
Funafuti is an atoll and the capital of the island nation of Tuvalu.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1290

189th member of the United Nations189th member1290
On 5 September 2000, Tuvalu became the 189th member of the United Nations.
Resolution 1290 examined Tuvalu's application to become the 189th member of the United Nations (UN).

List of islands of Tuvalu

islands of TuvaluEllice IslandsTuvaluan Islands
An important creation myth of the islands of Tuvalu is the story of the te Pusi mo te Ali (the Eel and the Flounder) who created the islands of Tuvalu; te Ali (the flounder) is believed to be the origin of the flat atolls of Tuvalu and the te Pusin (the Eel) is the model for the coconut palms that are important in the lives of Tuvaluans.
Tuvalu consists of nine separate islands, six of which are atolls and three are reef islands.

Kiribati

Republic of KiribatiI-KiribatiGilbert Islands
The island country lies east-northeast of the Santa Cruz Islands (which belong to the Solomon Islands), southeast of Nauru, south of Kiribati, west of Tokelau, northwest of Samoa and Wallis and Futuna, and north of Fiji.
The name Gilbert was incorporated into the name of the entire Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony from 1916, and was retained after the Ellice Islands became the separate nation of Tuvalu in 1976.

Tuvaluan mythology

creation myth of the islands of Tuvalumythical history of Nanumea
An important creation myth of the islands of Tuvalu is the story of the te Pusi mo te Ali (the Eel and the Flounder) who created the islands of Tuvalu; te Ali (the flounder) is believed to be the origin of the flat atolls of Tuvalu and the te Pusin (the Eel) is the model for the coconut palms that are important in the lives of Tuvaluans.
Tuvaluan mythology tells stories of the creation of the islands of Tuvalu and of the founding ancestors of each island.

Vaitupu

Vaitupu
On Niutao, Funafuti and Vaitupu, the founding ancestor is described as being from Samoa, whereas on Nanumea, the founding ancestor is described as being from Tonga.
Vaitupu is the largest atoll of the nation of Tuvalu.

Gilbert and Ellice Islands

Gilbert and Ellice Islands ColonyBritish colonyGilbert Islands
The Ellice Islands were administered as a British protectorate by a Resident Commissioner from 1892 to 1916, as part of the British Western Pacific Territories (BWPT), and then as part of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands colony from 1916 to 1976.
As a consequence of the referendum, the Gilbert and Ellice Islands colony ceased to exist on 1 January 1976 and the separate countries of Kiribati and Tuvalu came into existence.

Tuvaluan language

TuvaluanTuvalutvl
Eight of the nine islands of Tuvalu were inhabited; thus the name, Tuvalu, means "eight standing together" in Tuvaluan (compare to *walo meaning "eight" in Proto-Austronesian).
Tuvaluan, often called Tuvalu, is a Polynesian language of or closely related to the Ellicean group spoken in Tuvalu.

Niutao

Niutao
On Niutao, Funafuti and Vaitupu, the founding ancestor is described as being from Samoa, whereas on Nanumea, the founding ancestor is described as being from Tonga.
Niutao is a reef island in the northern part of Tuvalu.

Commonwealth realm

Commonwealth realmsrealmsCommonwealth
Tuvalu became fully independent within the Commonwealth on 1 October 1978.
As of 2019, there are 16 Commonwealth realms: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and the United Kingdom.

Polynesians

PolynesianPolynesian peoplePolynesian peoples
The first inhabitants of Tuvalu were Polynesians.
There are an estimated 2 million ethnic Polynesians (full and part) worldwide, the vast majority of whom inhabit independent Polynesian nation states (Samoa, Niue, Cook Islands, Tonga and Tuvalu) and form minorities in Australia, Chile (Easter Island), New Zealand, France (French Polynesia and Wallis and Futuna), United Kingdom Overseas Territories (Pitcairn Islands) and the United States (Hawaii and American Samoa).

Pacific Ocean

PacificSouth PacificWestern Pacific
Tuvalu (formerly known as the Ellice Islands), is a sovereign state in Polynesia, located in the Pacific Ocean, situated in Oceania and about midway between Hawaii and Australia.
Spanish expeditions also discovered Tuvalu, the Marquesas, the Cook Islands, the Solomon Islands, and the Admiralty Islands in the South Pacific.

Niulakita

During Mendaña's second voyage across the Pacific he passed Niulakita on 29 August 1595, which he named La Solitaria.
Niulakita is the southernmost island of Tuvalu, and also the name of the only village on this island.

Nanumea

Nanumea Nanumea AirfieldNanumea Atoll
On Niutao, Funafuti and Vaitupu, the founding ancestor is described as being from Samoa, whereas on Nanumea, the founding ancestor is described as being from Tonga.
Nanumea is the northwesternmost atoll in the Polynesian nation of Tuvalu, a group of nine coral atolls and islands spread over about 400 mi of Pacific Ocean just south of the equator and west of the International Date Line.

Polynesia

South SeasSouth Sea IslandsPolynesian Islands
Tuvalu (formerly known as the Ellice Islands), is a sovereign state in Polynesia, located in the Pacific Ocean, situated in Oceania and about midway between Hawaii and Australia.
The other main island groups located within the Polynesian Triangle are Samoa, Tonga, the Cook Islands, Tuvalu, Tokelau, Niue, Wallis and Futuna, and French Polynesia.

Nukufetau

Nukufetau Nukufetau Atoll
The next European to visit was Arent Schuyler de Peyster, of New York, captain of the armed brigantine or privateer Rebecca, sailing under British colours, which passed through the southern Tuvaluan waters in May 1819; de Peyster sighted Nukufetau and Funafuti, which he named Ellice's Island after an English politician, Edward Ellice, the Member of Parliament for Coventry and the owner of the Rebeccas cargo.
Nukufetau is an atoll that is part of the nation of Tuvalu.

Nanumanga

Nanumaga Nanumanga
Louis Isidore Duperrey, captain of La Coquille, sailed past Nanumanga in May 1824 during a circumnavigation of the earth (1822–1825).
Nanumanga or Nanumaga is a reef island and a district of the Oceanian island nation of Tuvalu.

Polynesian outlier

Polynesian outliersPolynesian Outlier communitiesoutlier
The pattern of settlement that is believed to have occurred is that the Polynesians spread out from Samoa and Tonga into the Tuvaluan atolls, with Tuvalu providing a stepping stone to further migration into the Polynesian outliers in Melanesia and Micronesia.
Based on archaeological and linguistic analysis, these islands are considered to have been colonized by seafaring Polynesians, mostly from the area of Tonga, Samoa and Tuvalu.

Caves of Nanumanga

Possible evidence of fire in the Caves of Nanumanga may indicate human occupation for thousands of years.
Caves of Nanumanga is an underwater cave off the northern shore of Nanumanga, Tuvalu in western Polynesia.