Twin-boom aircraft

twin-boomtwin boomtwin boomspod-and-boomtwin tail boomboomList of twin-boom aircrafttail boomtwin boom biplanetwin boom tail
A twin-boom aircraft is characterised by two longitudinal booms (extended nacelle-like bodies) fixed to its main wing on either side of its centre line.wikipedia
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Twin-fuselage aircraft

twin-fuselagetwin fuselagestwin fuselage
The twin-boom configuration is distinct from twin-fuselage designs.
It is distinct from the twin-boom configuration which has a single main fuselage with two subsidiary boom structures.

De Havilland Vampire

Vampirede Havilland Sea VampireVampires
To allow an engine to be mounted directly at the rear of a short fuselage, for pusher configuration or jet aircraft (Bell XP-52, De Havilland Vampire, Saab 21)
Out of the company's design studies, it was quickly decided to settle on a single-engine, twin-boom aircraft, powered by the Halford H.1 turbojet engine (later produced as the "Goblin").

Focke-Wulf Fw 189

Fw 189Focke-Wulf Fw 189 UhuFocke-Wulf Fw 189E
To give an unobstructed field of view or field of fire to the rear (Focke-Wulf Fw 189)
The Focke-Wulf Fw 189 Uhu ("Eagle Owl") is a German twin-engine, twin-boom, three-seat tactical reconnaissance and army cooperation aircraft.


J 2121A 21
To allow an engine to be mounted directly at the rear of a short fuselage, for pusher configuration or jet aircraft (Bell XP-52, De Havilland Vampire, Saab 21)
It used a relatively unorthodox and visually distinctive combination of a twin boom fuselage and a pusher configuration, giving the aircraft a fairly unique appearance.

Akaflieg Stuttgart FS-28 Avispa

| Akaflieg Stuttgart FS-28 Avispa || Germany || Propeller || || 1972 || Prototype ||
The Akaflieg Stuttgart FS-28 Avispa (Wasp) is a single engine, twin boom pusher configuration light sports and utility aircraft designed at the University of Stuttgart in Germany in the 1970s.

Adam A500

Adam M-309
| Adam A500 || US || Propeller || || 2002 || ||
The aircraft is of pod-and-boom, push-pull configuration with its two Continental TSIO-550-E piston engines mounted to provide centerline thrust.

Bell XP-52

Bell XP-52 & XP-59 (pusher fighter projects)P-52XP-52
To allow an engine to be mounted directly at the rear of a short fuselage, for pusher configuration or jet aircraft (Bell XP-52, De Havilland Vampire, Saab 21)
Both projects featured a twin-boom layout with a rear-mounted engine driving pusher contra-rotating propellers.

Anderson Greenwood AG-14

| Anderson Greenwood AG-14 || US || Propeller || Utility || 1947 || ||
It is an all-metal, shoulder-wing monoplane of pod-and-boom configuration, equipped with a pusher propeller, side-by-side seating and fixed tricycle undercarriage.

Buscaylet-de Monge 7-5

| Buscaylet-de Monge 7-5 || France || Propeller || Experimental || 1925 || Prototype ||
The Buscaylet-de Monge 7-5 was a twin engine, twin-boom aircraft without a fuselage but with pilot, passenger and fuel accommodated in a thickened wing centre-section.

Buscaylet-de Monge 7-4

| Buscaylet-de Monge 7-4 || France || Propeller || Experimental || 1923 || Prototype ||
The Buscaylet-de Monge 7-4 was a small, French, twin-boom aircraft without a fuselage, built in the mid-1920s to explore the characteristics of a proposed larger machine.

Arpin A-1

| Arpin A-1 || UK || Propeller || || 1938 || ||
The Arpin A-1 was a two-seat low-wing monoplane which was powered by a single radial engine in pusher configuration, mounted behind the cabin between twin booms that carried the tail.

Cessna Skymaster

Cessna 337 SkymasterCessna 337Cessna Skymaster FTB-337G
| Cessna Skymaster/O-2 Skymaster || US || Propeller || || 1961 || ||
Twin booms extend aft of the wings to the vertical stabilizers, with the rear engine between them.

De Havilland Sea Vixen

Sea Vixende Havilland DH.110de Havilland DH.110 Sea Vixen
| De Havilland Sea Vixen || UK || Jet || Fighter || 1951 || Production ||
The de Havilland DH.110 Sea Vixen is a British twin-engine, twin boom-tailed, two-seat, carrier-based fleet air-defence fighter flown by the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm during the 1950s through the early 1970s.

Airsport Song

| Airsport Song || Czech Republic || Propeller || Ultralight || 2000-2009 || ||
It features a cantilever low-wing, twin-booms, a single seat enclosed cockpit, fixed tricycle landing gear and a single engine in pusher configuration.

Blohm & Voss BV 138

BV 138BV138CBV 138C
| Blohm & Voss BV 138 || Germany || Propeller || Reconnaissance || 1937 || ||
Its appearance was unique in its combination of unusual design features with its twin boom tail unit, short fuselage and trimotor engine configuration.


tailtail sectiontail surfaces
Typically, twin tailbooms provide mounting points for one or more tail surfaces, although on some types such as the Rutan Model 72 Grizzly the booms run forward of the main wing.
Twin boom A twin boom has two fuselages or booms, with a vertical stabiliser on each, and a horizontal stabiliser between them. Examples include the P-38 Lightning, de Havilland Vampire, Sadler Vampire, and Edgley Optica.

Caproni Ca.4

| Caproni Ca.4 || Italy || Propeller || Bomber || 1917 || ||
It shared the unusual layout of the Caproni Ca.3, being a twin-boom aircraft with one pusher engine at the rear of a central nacelle and two tractor engines in front of twin booms, providing a push-pull configuration.

Fairchild C-82 Packet

C-82C-82 PacketFairchild C-82A-FA Packet
Examples include the C-82 Packet, C-119 Flying Boxcar, Armstrong Whitworth AW.660 Argosy, IAI Arava and Transavia PL-12 Airtruk.
The C-82 Packet is a twin-engined, twin-boom cargo aircraft designed and built by Fairchild Aircraft.

Abrams P-1 Explorer

P-1 ExplorerThe Explorer
| Abrams P-1 Explorer || US || Propeller || Utility || 1937 || ||
It was a low-wing metal monoplane with twin booms and a central nacelle for the pilot and camera equipment.

Convair Model 48 Charger

Model 48 Charger
| Convair Model 48 Charger || US || Propeller || Attack || 1964 || Prototype ||
It was a two-seat, twin-boom aircraft powered by two turboprop engines which lost out to the North American Rockwell OV-10 Bronco of similar layout, only a single example being built.

Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar

C-119Fairchild C-119G Flying BoxcarC-119 Flying Boxcar
Examples include the C-82 Packet, C-119 Flying Boxcar, Armstrong Whitworth AW.660 Argosy, IAI Arava and Transavia PL-12 Airtruk.
Its cargo-hauling ability and unusual twin-boom design earned it the nickname "Flying Boxcar".

AHRLAC Holdings Ahrlac

Advanced High Performance Reconnaissance Light AircraftAHRLACAHRLAC reconnaissance aircraft
| AHRLAC Holdings Ahrlac || South Africa || Propeller || Reconnaissance || 2014 || ||
The Ahrlac features a twin-boom, single-pusher-engine, high-mounted forward-swept wing configuration, giving the aircraft an unconventional external appearance and providing for excellent external visibility.

Alaparma Baldo

| Alaparma Baldo || Italy || Propeller || Utility || 1949 || ||
The conventional tailplane with single fin and rudder was carried on twin booms, either side of a pusher engine installation.

ADI Condor

| ADI Condor || US || Motor glider || || 1981 || ||
While most motor gliders follow traditional sailplane layout, the Condor was of twin-boom configuration, with twin, inwardly canted tail fins joined at their tips by a common horizontal stabilizer.

Burnelli UB-14

Burnelli UB-14/Cunliffe-Owen Clyde ClipperClyde ClipperCunliffe-Owen Flying Wing
| Burnelli UB-14 || US || Propeller || Transport || 1934 || ||
The aircraft had twin tailbooms and a widespan tailplane and elevator fitted with twin fins and rudders.