Type 45 destroyer

Type 45Type 45 destroyersguided-missile destroyer Daring classBritish Type 45 destroyerdestroyersguided missile destroyerType 45 (''Daring''-class) destroyerType 45 anti-air warfare destroyerType 45 class air warfare destroyer
The Type 45 destroyer, also known as the D or Daring class, is a class of six guided missile destroyers built for the United Kingdom's Royal Navy.wikipedia
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Royal Navy

RNBritish NavyBritish Royal Navy
The Type 45 destroyer, also known as the D or Daring class, is a class of six guided missile destroyers built for the United Kingdom's Royal Navy.
The Royal Navy maintains a fleet of technologically sophisticated ships and submarines including one aircraft carrier, two amphibious transport docks, four ballistic missile submarines (which maintain the UK's nuclear deterrent), six nuclear fleet submarines, six guided missile destroyers, 13 frigates, 13 mine-countermeasure vessels and 22 patrol vessels.

HMS Daring (D32)

HMS ''DaringHMS DaringHMS ''Daring'' (2006)
The first ship in the Daring class, HMS Daring, was launched on 1 February 2006 and commissioned on 23 July 2009.
HMS Daring is the lead ship of the Type 45 or Daring-class air-defence destroyers built for the Royal Navy, and the seventh ship to hold that name.

Type 42 destroyer

Type 42Type 42 DestroyersSheffield''-class destroyers
The Type 45 destroyers were built to replace the Type 42 (Sheffield class) destroyers that had served during the Falklands War, with the last Type 42 being decommissioned in 2013.
The Royal Navy has replaced them with Type 45 destroyers.

Rolls-Royce WR-21

WR-21
Another controversy arose when it was revealed that due to a design flaw on the Northrop Grumman intercooler which, when attached to the Rolls-Royce WR-21 gas turbines and functioning in the warm climate of the Persian Gulf, power availability was diminished considerably ; and it quickly became apparent that the class was not operating as originally envisioned.
The Rolls-Royce WR-21 is an advanced gas turbine marine engine, designed with a view to powering the latest naval surface combatants of the partner nations, and currently fitted to the Type 45 destroyer of the Royal Navy.

Guided missile destroyer

guided-missile destroyerguided-missile destroyersDDG
The Type 45 destroyer, also known as the D or Daring class, is a class of six guided missile destroyers built for the United Kingdom's Royal Navy.

Horizon-class frigate

Horizon CNGFHorizon class frigateHorizon
The UK then joined France and Italy in the Horizon-class frigate programme; however, differing national requirements, workshare arguments and delays led to the UK withdrawing on 26 April 1999 and starting its own national project.
The UK then joined France and Italy in the Horizon-class frigate programme; however, differing national requirements, workshare arguments and delays led to the UK withdrawing on 26 April 1999 and starting its own national project, the Type 45 destroyer.

SAMPSON

MESARSAMPSON radar
The class is primarily designed for anti-aircraft and anti-missile warfare and is built around the PAAMS (Sea Viper) air-defence system utilizing the SAMPSON AESA and the S1850M long-range radars.
The Type 45 destroyers use the SAMPSON radar with the PAAMS missile system, which was also developed for the Horizon frigates (French and Italian ships are to be fitted with the EMPAR MFR).

PAAMS

Sea ViperEUROPAAMSPrincipal Anti Air Missile System
The class is primarily designed for anti-aircraft and anti-missile warfare and is built around the PAAMS (Sea Viper) air-defence system utilizing the SAMPSON AESA and the S1850M long-range radars.
After withdrawing, Britain instead decided to pursue a national warship design, designated the 'Type 45 destroyer'.

HMNB Portsmouth

Portsmouth DockyardPortsmouthHM Dockyard, Portsmouth
The bow sections (E/F) were mated at Portsmouth and taken by barge to Scotstoun.
The base plays host to a large part of the surface fleet of the Royal Navy including the, the Type 45 destroyers, six Type 23 frigates, the River-class patrol vessels and a squadron of mine counter-measures vessels, both minesweepers and minehunters.

Aster (missile family)

AsterAster 15MBDA Aster
In 2009 delivery of the ships' Aster missiles was delayed due to a failure during testing.
As the principal weapon of the PAAMS system, Aster equips the Type 45 destroyers and the Horizon class frigates.

Alan West, Baron West of Spithead

Alan WestLord West of SpitheadSir Alan West
After the launch of Daring on 1 February 2006 Admiral Sir Alan West, a former First Sea Lord, stated that it would be the Royal Navy's most capable destroyer ever, as well as the world's best air-defence ship.
During his time as First Sea Lord, West implemented the defence white paper entitled Delivering Security in a Changing World which proposed cutting three Type 23 frigates, three Type 42 destroyers, four nuclear submarines, six minehunters and reducing the planned purchase of Type 45 destroyers from twelve to eight.

NFR-90

NATO Frigate Replacement for the 90s
The UK had sought to procure a new class of air-defence guided missile destroyers in collaboration with seven other NATO nations under the NFR-90 project; the project collapsed due to varying requirements of the different countries involved.
This was a further attempt at collaboration that was only moderately more successful, with the UK eventually withdrawing and starting its own national project, the type 45 destroyer.

4.5-inch Mark 8 naval gun

4.5 inch Mark 8 naval gun4.5inch Mk8 naval gunVickers 4.5 in/55 Mk.8 AS/AA gun
Once this is complete, the remaining equipment is fitted: radar arrays, bow-mounted sonar, propellers, missile equipment and 4.5-inch gun.
Although the Mk 8 was fitted to the Type 45 destroyer, on the Type 26 Global Combat Ship it will be supplanted by the BAE 5-inch Mk 45 naval gun.

Marconi Electronic Systems

GEC-MarconiMarconiGEC Marconi
On 23 November 1999 Marconi Electronic Systems (MES) was confirmed as prime contractor for the Type 45 project.

Active electronically scanned array

AESAAESA radaractive phased array
The class is primarily designed for anti-aircraft and anti-missile warfare and is built around the PAAMS (Sea Viper) air-defence system utilizing the SAMPSON AESA and the S1850M long-range radars.

S1850M

S-1850MS1850M radar
The class is primarily designed for anti-aircraft and anti-missile warfare and is built around the PAAMS (Sea Viper) air-defence system utilizing the SAMPSON AESA and the S1850M long-range radars.

Type 22 frigate

Type 22Type 22 classType 22 Frigates
The Royal Navy's latest escort class – the Type 45 or Daring class – have re-introduced the alphabetical progression, using destroyer names from the 1930s and 1950s.

Type 26 frigate

Type 26Global Combat ShipType 26 frigates
The FSC concept was brought forward in the 2008 budget, at the expense of options for two Type 45 destroyers not being taken up (ships 7 and 8).

GE Power Conversion

ConverteamConverteam/GE
This technology will be used for the Royal Navy's Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers and the other Type 45 destroyers.

Destroyer

destroyerstorpedo boat destroyertorpedo-boat destroyer
In March 2013 the United States Naval Institute reported that the Royal Navy along with the United States Missile Defense Agency will explore the potential of the Daring class to provide ballistic missile defence in Europe along with United States Navy Aegis equipped destroyers.
These will compliment the Type 45 destroyer already in service.

Sylver Vertical Launching System

SYLVERSylver A50Sylver VLS
Presently the Daring-class destroyers are equipped with a 48-cell A50 Sylver Vertical Launching System allowing for a mix of up to 48 Aster 15 and 30 missiles.

UXV Combatant

UXV Combatant shares some common design features with the Type 45 destroyer.

Anti-ship missile

anti-shipanti-ship missilesantiship missile
The Type 45 destroyers are primarily designed for anti-air warfare with the capability to defend against targets such as fighter aircraft and drones as well as highly maneuverable sea skimming anti-ship missiles travelling at supersonic speeds.
Examples of these include the Norwegian, the Swedish, the German, the US Navy's and Arleigh Burke-class destroyer, their Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force's close counterparts in Aegis warships, the, and the, the Chinese Type 054 frigate and the Type 052C destroyer, Russian Navy's and, the Indian and, the French, the FREMM multipurpose frigate and the Royal Navy's Type 45 destroyer.

AgustaWestland AW101

MerlinEH-101AgustaWestland EH101
It has hangar space for either one Merlin HM1 or two Lynx helicopters.
The Merlin HM1 has been cleared to operate from the Royal Navy's aircraft carriers, amphibious assault ships, Type 23 frigates and several Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) vessels including the ; it is also to equip the Type 45 destroyer.