Types of socialism

separate road to socialismideasList of socialist ideologiesmodels of socialismvarieties of socialismvarious forms
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.wikipedia
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Socialism

socialistsocialistssocialistic
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
There are many varieties of socialism and there is no single definition encapsulating all of them, with social ownership being the common element shared by its various forms.

Democratic socialism

democratic socialistdemocratic socialistsdemocratic-socialist
Modern democratic socialism is a broad political movement that seeks to propagate the ideals of socialism within the context of a democratic system.
Socialist models and ideas espousing common or public ownership have existed since antiquity, but the first self-conscious socialist movements developed in the 1820s and 1830s.

Social system

social systemssocialsocietal system
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.

Social ownership

socializationSocialization (economics)socially owned
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.

Organizational Self-management

workers' self-managementself-managementautogestion
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.

Means of production

productive propertydifferent organizations of productionforces
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.

State ownership

state-ownedpublic ownershipstate owned
Social ownership may refer to forms of public, collective or cooperative ownership, or to citizen ownership of equity.

Collective ownership

collectivecollectivelycollective employee ownership
Social ownership may refer to forms of public, collective or cooperative ownership, or to citizen ownership of equity.

Cooperative

co-operativeco-opcooperatives
Social ownership may refer to forms of public, collective or cooperative ownership, or to citizen ownership of equity.

Socialist economics

socialist economysocialistsocialist economies
Socialist economic systems can be further divided into market and non-market forms.

Market (economics)

marketmarketsmarket forces
Socialist economic systems can be further divided into market and non-market forms.

Socioeconomics

socioeconomicsocio-economicsocio-economic development
The word socialism thus refers to a broad range of theoretical and historical socioeconomic systems and has also been used by many political movements throughout history to describe themselves and their goals, generating numerous types of socialism.

History of socialism

socialist movementsocialismsocialist
The word socialism thus refers to a broad range of theoretical and historical socioeconomic systems and has also been used by many political movements throughout history to describe themselves and their goals, generating numerous types of socialism.

Economic system

economyeconomic systemseconomic
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them. Different self-described socialists have used the term "socialism" to refer to different things, such as an economic system, a type of society, a philosophical outlook, a collection of moral values and ideals, or even a certain kind of human character.

Society

societiessocialsocietal
Different self-described socialists have used the term "socialism" to refer to different things, such as an economic system, a type of society, a philosophical outlook, a collection of moral values and ideals, or even a certain kind of human character.

Philosophy

philosophicalphilosopherhistory of philosophy
Different self-described socialists have used the term "socialism" to refer to different things, such as an economic system, a type of society, a philosophical outlook, a collection of moral values and ideals, or even a certain kind of human character.

Political movement

movementpolitical movementsmovements
There have been numerous political movements which called themselves "socialist" under some definition of the term—some of these interpretations are mutually exclusive and all of them have generated debates over the true meaning of socialism.

Alexandre Vinet

For example, Alexandre Vinet, who claimed to have been the first person to use the term, defined socialism simply as "the opposite of individualism".

Individualism

individualistindividualisticindividual freedom
For example, Alexandre Vinet, who claimed to have been the first person to use the term, defined socialism simply as "the opposite of individualism".

Robert Owen

OwenOweniteMr Owen
Robert Owen also viewed socialism as a matter of ethics, though he used it with a slightly more specific meaning to refer to the view that human society can and should be improved for the benefit of all.

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

ProudhonPierre Joseph ProudhonThe System of Economic Contradictions, or The Philosophy of Poverty
In a similar vein, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon claimed that socialism is "every aspiration towards the amelioration of society".

Utopian socialism

utopian socialistutopian socialistsutopian
In the first half of the 19th century, many writers who described themselves as socialists—and who would be later called utopian socialists—wrote down descriptions of what they believed to be the ideal human society.

Egalitarianism

egalitarianequalityEconomic egalitarianism
A constant feature of these ideal societies was social and economic equality.

Meritocracy

meritocraticmeritmeritocratic system
Other early advocates of socialism took a more scientific approach by favouring social leveling to create a meritocratic society based upon freedom for individual talent to prosper, such as Count Henri de Saint-Simon, who was fascinated by the enormous potential of science and technology and believed a socialist society would eliminate the disorderly aspects of capitalism.

Charles Hall (economist)

Charles Hall
Other early socialist thinkers, such as Thomas Hodgkin and Charles Hall, based their ideas on David Ricardo's economic theories.