Typographic alignment

justificationjustifiedtext justificationjustified textalignmentfully justifiedjustified text alignmentragged rightaligncentered
In typesetting and page layout, alignment or range is the setting of text flow or image placement relative to a page, column (measure), table cell, or tab.wikipedia
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Page layout

layoutlayoutstemplate
In typesetting and page layout, alignment or range is the setting of text flow or image placement relative to a page, column (measure), table cell, or tab.
The IBM Selectric Composer, for example, could produce type of different size, different fonts (including proportional fonts), and with text justification.

Margin (typography)

marginmarginsmarginal
The edge of a page or column is known as a margin, and a gap between columns is known as a gutter.
When a page is justified the text is spread out to be flush with the left and right margins.

Typography

typographertypographictypographical
In typesetting and page layout, alignment or range is the setting of text flow or image placement relative to a page, column (measure), table cell, or tab.
For example, comparing serif vs. sans-serif type, roman type vs. oblique type, and italic type, line length, line spacing, color contrast, the design of right-hand edge (for example, justification, straight right hand edge) vs. ragged right, and whether text is hyphenated.

River (typography)

riversriver
Another example: when the spaces between words line up approximately above one another in several loose lines, a distracting river of white space may appear.
The rivers can occur regardless of the spacing settings, but are most noticeable with wide inter-word spaces caused by full text justification or monospaced fonts.

Microtypography

micro-typography
The technique of glyph scaling or microtypography has been implemented by Adobe InDesign and more recent versions of pdfTeX.
Microtypography is the name given to a range of methods for improving the readability and appearance of text, especially justified text.

Kashida

ـextended to any lengthKashida character
Using kashida, characters or glyphs are elongated instead of stretching the white spaces.
Kashida or Kasheeda ("extended", "stretched", "lengthened") is a type of justification in some cursive scripts related to Arabic.

Hyphen

-hyphenatedunhyphenated
The problem of loose lines is reduced by using hyphenation.
Hyphenation is also routinely used as part of syllabification in justified texts to avoid unsightly spacing (especially in columns with narrow measure, as when used with newspapers).

Word heaping

Another technique sometimes used is word heaping.
Word heaping is a technique used for text justification in Arabic script, in which one word can be placed over another to save space on the line.

Adobe InDesign

InDesignAdobe InDesign CS3Digital Publishing Suite
The technique of glyph scaling or microtypography has been implemented by Adobe InDesign and more recent versions of pdfTeX.

Typesetting

typesettercompositortypeset
In typesetting and page layout, alignment or range is the setting of text flow or image placement relative to a page, column (measure), table cell, or tab.

Image

picturepicturespictorial
In typesetting and page layout, alignment or range is the setting of text flow or image placement relative to a page, column (measure), table cell, or tab.

Page (paper)

pagepagesp.
In typesetting and page layout, alignment or range is the setting of text flow or image placement relative to a page, column (measure), table cell, or tab.

Column (typography)

columnscolumnColumnation
In typesetting and page layout, alignment or range is the setting of text flow or image placement relative to a page, column (measure), table cell, or tab.

Table cell

cellcells
In typesetting and page layout, alignment or range is the setting of text flow or image placement relative to a page, column (measure), table cell, or tab.

English language

EnglishEnglish-languageen
In English and most European languages where words are read left-to-right, text is usually aligned "flush left", meaning that the text of a paragraph is aligned on the left-hand side with the right-hand side ragged.

Languages of Europe

European languagesLatin EuropeEuropean language
In English and most European languages where words are read left-to-right, text is usually aligned "flush left", meaning that the text of a paragraph is aligned on the left-hand side with the right-hand side ragged.

Default (computer science)

defaultdefaultsdefault behavior
This is the default style of text alignment on the World Wide Web for left-to-right text.

World Wide Web

WebWWWthe web
This is the default style of text alignment on the World Wide Web for left-to-right text.

Indentation (typesetting)

indentationindentingindented
Quotations are often indented.

Persian language

PersianNew PersianFarsi
In other languages that read text right-to-left, such as Persian, Arabic and Hebrew, text is commonly aligned "flush right".

Arabic

Arabic languageArabic-languageArab
In other languages that read text right-to-left, such as Persian, Arabic and Hebrew, text is commonly aligned "flush right".

Hebrew language

HebrewHebrew grammarHeb.
In other languages that read text right-to-left, such as Persian, Arabic and Hebrew, text is commonly aligned "flush right".