UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural OrganisationUnited Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural OrganizationUN Educational, Scientific and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural OrganizationUNESCO ASPNetUnited Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)UNESCO General Conference
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris, France.wikipedia
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Member states of UNESCO

Member Statesmember stateUNESCO Member States
UNESCO has 193 member states and 11 associate members.
, UNESCO members include 193 member states and 11 associate members.

Literacy

literacy rategender disparityilliterate
Projects sponsored by UNESCO include literacy, technical, and teacher-training programs, international science programs, the promotion of independent media and freedom of the press, regional and cultural history projects, the promotion of cultural diversity, translations of world literature, international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage (World Heritage Sites) and to preserve human rights, and attempts to bridge the worldwide digital divide.
Experts at a UNESCO meeting have proposed defining literacy as the "ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using printed and written materials associated with varying contexts".

International Bureau of Education

IBEUNESCO-IBE
On 18 December 1925, the International Bureau of Education (IBE) began work as a non-governmental organization in the service of international educational development.
The International Bureau of Education (IBE-UNESCO) is a UNESCO category 1 institute mandated as the Centre of Excellence in curriculum and related matters.

United Nations

UNU.N.the United Nations
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris, France.
The UN System includes a multitude of specialized agencies, such as the World Bank Group, the World Health Organization, the World Food Programme, UNESCO, and UNICEF.

The Race Question

statement on racestatements on raceThe 1950 race statement
Among the major achievements of the organization is its work against racism, for example through influential statements on race starting with a declaration of anthropologists (among them was Claude Lévi-Strauss) and other scientists in 1950 and concluding with the 1978 Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice.
The Race Question is the first of four UNESCO statements about issues of race.

Education For All

EFADakar Framework for Actionchildren not in education
Other priorities of the organization include attaining quality Education For All and lifelong learning, addressing emerging social and ethical challenges, fostering cultural diversity, a culture of peace and building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication.
Education For All (EFA) is a global movement led by UNESCO (United Nation Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), aiming to meet the learning needs of all children, youth and adults by 2015.

Julian Huxley

Sir Julian HuxleyJulian Sorell HuxleyJulian S. Huxley
The first General Conference took place from 19 November to 10 December 1946, and elected Dr. Julian Huxley to Director-General.
He was secretary of the Zoological Society of London (1935–1942), the first Director of UNESCO, a founding member of the World Wildlife Fund and the first President of the British Humanist Association.

World Heritage Committee

session4th sessionUNESCO World Heritage Committee
The World Heritage Committee was established in 1976 and the first sites inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1978.
The World Heritage Committee selects the sites to be listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger, defines the use of the World Heritage Fund and allocates financial assistance upon requests from States Parties.

Intangible cultural heritage

intangible heritageintangible cultureIntangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
Since then important legal instruments on cultural heritage and diversity have been adopted by UNESCO member states in 2003 (Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage ) and 2005 ([[Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions]] ).
An intangible cultural heritage (ICH) is a practice, representation, expression, knowledge, or skill, as well as the instruments, objects, artifacts, and cultural spaces that are considered by UNESCO to be part of a place's cultural heritage.

International Programme for the Development of Communication

IPDCInternational Program for the Development of Communications
The same year, UNESCO created the International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC), a multilateral forum designed to promote media development in developing countries.
The International Programme for the Development of Communication is a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) programme aimed at strengthening the development of mass media in developing countries.

New World Information and Communication Order

NWICONew World Information OrderNew International Information Order
In response to calls for a "New World Information and Communication Order" in the late 1970s, UNESCO established the International Commission for the Study of Communication Problems, which produced the 1980 MacBride report (named after the Chair of the Commission, the Nobel Peace Prize laureate Seán MacBride).
The New World Information and Communication Order (NWICO or NWIO) is a term coined in a debate over media representations of the developing world in UNESCO in the late 1970s early 1980s.

MacBride report

MacBride CommissionMany Voices, One WorldMacBride Commission on International Communications
In response to calls for a "New World Information and Communication Order" in the late 1970s, UNESCO established the International Commission for the Study of Communication Problems, which produced the 1980 MacBride report (named after the Chair of the Commission, the Nobel Peace Prize laureate Seán MacBride).
Many Voices One World, also known as the MacBride report, was a 1980 UNESCO publication written by the International Commission for the Study of Communication Problems, chaired by Irish Nobel laureate Seán MacBride.

Cultural diversity

diversitydiversecultural differences
Projects sponsored by UNESCO include literacy, technical, and teacher-training programs, international science programs, the promotion of independent media and freedom of the press, regional and cultural history projects, the promotion of cultural diversity, translations of world literature, international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage (World Heritage Sites) and to preserve human rights, and attempts to bridge the worldwide digital divide. Other priorities of the organization include attaining quality Education For All and lifelong learning, addressing emerging social and ethical challenges, fostering cultural diversity, a culture of peace and building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication.
The General Conference of UNESCO took this position in 2001, asserting in Article 1 of the Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity that "...cultural diversity is as necessary for humankind as biodiversity is for nature."

Abu Simbel temples

Abu SimbelNubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philaetemples
The purpose of the campaign was to move the Great Temple of Abu Simbel to keep it from being swamped by the Nile after construction of the Aswan Dam.
The complex is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the "Nubian Monuments", which run from Abu Simbel downriver to Philae (near Aswan).

Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions

2005 Convention on the Diversity of Cultural ExpressionsConvention on Cultural Diversity
Since then important legal instruments on cultural heritage and diversity have been adopted by UNESCO member states in 2003 (Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage ) and 2005 ([[Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions]] ).
The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions is a binding international legal instrument and UNESCO convention adopted by the UNESCO General Conference on 20 October 2005, during the 33rd session of the UNESCO General Conference held in Paris, France on 3–21 October 2005.

Mohenjo-daro

MohenjodaroMohenjo DaroMoenjodaro
This was the first and largest in a series of campaigns including Mohenjo-daro (Pakistan), Fes (Morocco), Kathmandu (Nepal), Borobudur (Indonesia) and the Acropolis (Greece).
Significant excavation has since been conducted at the site of the city, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980.

Windhoek Declaration

Declaration of Windhoek
In 1991, UNESCO's General Conference endorsed the Windhoek Declaration on media independence and pluralism, which led the UN General Assembly to declare the date of its adoption, 3 May, as World Press Freedom Day.
The Declaration was produced at a UNESCO seminar, "Promoting an Independent and Pluralistic African Press," held in Windhoek, the capital of Namibia, from 29 April to 3 May 1991.

Borobudur

BorobodurBorobudur TempleCandi Borobudur
This was the first and largest in a series of campaigns including Mohenjo-daro (Pakistan), Fes (Morocco), Kathmandu (Nepal), Borobudur (Indonesia) and the Acropolis (Greece).
The largest restoration project was undertaken between 1975 and 1982 by the Indonesian government and UNESCO, followed by the monument's listing as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
The list may include cultural objects, such as the Jōmon Venus of Japan, the Mona Lisa of France, the Gebel el-Arak Knife of Egypt, The Ninth Wave of Russia, the Seated Woman of Çatalhöyük of Turkey, the David (Michelangelo) of Italy, the Mathura Herakles of India, the Manunggul Jar of the Philippines, the Crown of Baekje of South Korea, The Hay Wain of the United Kingdom and the Benin Bronzes of Nigeria.
It hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually.

Education

teachingeducationaleducationist
UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences, culture and communication/information.
Due to this the proliferation of compulsory education, combined with population growth, UNESCO has calculated that in the next 30 years more people will receive formal education than in all of human history thus far.

International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation

International Institute of Intellectual CooperationCommittee on Intellectual CooperationCommittee for Intellectual Cooperation
It is the successor of the League of Nations' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation.
The Committee was the predecessor to UNESCO, and all of its properties were transferred to that organisation in 1946.

World Education Forum

Ten years later, the 2000 World Education Forum held in Dakar, Senegal, led member governments to commit to achieving basic education for all by 2015.
Major organisations involved in the forum include: UNESCO, and the World Bank, and the Asian Development Bank.

Paris

Paris, FranceParísParisian
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris, France.
Paris and its region host the headquarters of several international organisations including UNESCO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the International Chamber of Commerce, the Paris Club, the European Space Agency, the International Energy Agency, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, the European Union Institute for Security Studies, the International Bureau of Weights and Measures, the International Exhibition Bureau, and the International Federation for Human Rights.

Seville Statement on Violence

Statement of Violence
The Seville Statement on Violence is a statement on violence that was adopted by an international meeting of scientists, convened by the Spanish National Commission for UNESCO, in Seville, Spain, on 16 May 1986.

City of Literature

UNESCO City of LiteratureCities of LiteratureEdinburgh UNESCO City of Literature
UNESCO's City of Literature programme is part of the wider Creative Cities Network.