Uitlander

uitlanders
Uitlander, Afrikaans for "foreigner" (lit. "outlander"), was the name given to foreign (mainly British) migrant workers during the Witwatersrand Gold Rush in the independent Transvaal Republic following the discovery of gold in 1886.wikipedia
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Second Boer War

Boer WarAnglo-Boer WarSouth African War
The limited rights granted this group in the independent Boer Republics was one of the contributing factors behind the Second Boer War.
As a result, the Transvaal reluctantly acquiesced to the immigration of uitlanders (foreigners), mainly English-speaking men from Britain, who came to the Boer region in search of fortune and employment.

Paul Kruger

KrugerPresident KrugerPresident Paul Kruger
The Transvaal government, under President Paul Kruger, were concerned as to the effect this large influx could have on the independence of the Transvaal.
Following the influx of thousands of predominantly British settlers with the Witwatersrand Gold Rush of 1886, "uitlanders" (out-landers) provided almost all of the South African Republic's tax revenues but lacked civic representation; Boer burghers retained control of the government.

Jameson Raid

Dr. Jameson's RaidAftermathfailed raid
Their treatment served as the pretext for the Jameson Raid in 1895; Cecil Rhodes planned an invasion of the Transvaal to coincide with an uprising of the uitlanders in Johannesburg.
The raid was intended to trigger an uprising by the primarily British expatriate workers (known as Uitlanders) in the Transvaal but failed to do so. The workers were called the Johannesburg conspirators.

Burgher (Boer republics)

burghersburgher
The vast Witwatersrand gold fields were discovered in 1886, and within ten years the uitlander population of the Transvaal was thought to be double that of the native Transvaalers, 60,000 uitlanders to 30,000 burghers.
The Boers referred to these people as uitlanders (out-landers).

Witwatersrand Gold Rush

Witwatersrand gold minesgold rushSouth Africa
"outlander"), was the name given to foreign (mainly British) migrant workers during the Witwatersrand Gold Rush in the independent Transvaal Republic following the discovery of gold in 1886.
Boer resentment over the large number of foreigners (Uitlanders) in the Witwatersrand led to heavy taxes and the denial of voting rights for the gold miners, and in response the Uitlanders and the British owners of the mines began to pressure the overthrow of the Boer government.

Leander Starr Jameson

JamesonSir Leander Starr JamesonDr. Jameson
Dr Jameson's force invaded, but the expected uprising never took place; the invading force were quickly overpowered and arrested.
The idea was to foment unrest among foreign workers (Uitlanders) in the territory, and use the outbreak of open revolt as an excuse to invade and annex the territory.

Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner

Lord MilnerAlfred MilnerSir Alfred Milner
From 1897 onwards, the High Commissioner for South Africa, Sir Alfred Milner, and the Colonial Secretary, Joseph Chamberlain, used the denial of rights to the uitlanders as their main point of attack against the Transvaal.
This influx of foreigners, referred to as "Uitlanders", threatened their republic, and Transvaal's President Kruger refused to give the "Uitlanders" the right to vote.

Boerehaat

* Boerehaat
British politician James Bryce, writing about the attitude of uitlanders (English-speaking immigrants) towards the Boer authorities in the independent Transvaal Republic during the Witwatersrand Gold Rush following the discovery of gold in 1886, states: "English became the general spoken tongue not only of Johannesburg, but of the mining districts generally. Hearing nothing but English spoken, seeing nothing all round them that was not far more English than Dutch, though English with a half-colonial, half-American tinge, it was natural that the bulk of the Uitlanders should deem themselves to be in a country which had become virtually English, and should see something unreasonable or even grotesque in the control of a small body of persons whom they deemed in every way their inferiors."

Joseph Chamberlain

ChamberlainJoseph The Right Honourable '''Joseph Chamberlain
From 1897 onwards, the High Commissioner for South Africa, Sir Alfred Milner, and the Colonial Secretary, Joseph Chamberlain, used the denial of rights to the uitlanders as their main point of attack against the Transvaal.
Cecil Rhodes, Prime Minister of the Cape Colony and managing director of the British South Africa Company, was eager to extend British dominion to all of South Africa, and encouraged the disenfranchised Uitlanders of the Boer republics to resist Afrikaner domination.

Afrikaans

Afrikaans-speakingAfrikaans-languageAfrikaans language
Uitlander, Afrikaans for "foreigner" (lit.

Migrant worker

migrant workersmigrantmigrants
"outlander"), was the name given to foreign (mainly British) migrant workers during the Witwatersrand Gold Rush in the independent Transvaal Republic following the discovery of gold in 1886.

South African Republic

TransvaalTransvaal RepublicZuid-Afrikaansche Republiek
"outlander"), was the name given to foreign (mainly British) migrant workers during the Witwatersrand Gold Rush in the independent Transvaal Republic following the discovery of gold in 1886.

Boer Republics

Boer RepublicrepublicBoer
The limited rights granted this group in the independent Boer Republics was one of the contributing factors behind the Second Boer War.

Witwatersrand

Randthe RandReef
The vast Witwatersrand gold fields were discovered in 1886, and within ten years the uitlander population of the Transvaal was thought to be double that of the native Transvaalers, 60,000 uitlanders to 30,000 burghers.

Johannesburg

Johannesburg, South AfricaJohannesburg, GautengJohannesburg WCT
Their treatment served as the pretext for the Jameson Raid in 1895; Cecil Rhodes planned an invasion of the Transvaal to coincide with an uprising of the uitlanders in Johannesburg. These workers were primarily concentrated around the Johannesburg area.

Cecil Rhodes

RhodesCecil John RhodesCecil
Their treatment served as the pretext for the Jameson Raid in 1895; Cecil Rhodes planned an invasion of the Transvaal to coincide with an uprising of the uitlanders in Johannesburg.

High commissioner

high commissionHigh CommissionersCommissioner General
From 1897 onwards, the High Commissioner for South Africa, Sir Alfred Milner, and the Colonial Secretary, Joseph Chamberlain, used the denial of rights to the uitlanders as their main point of attack against the Transvaal.

Secretary of State for the Colonies

Colonial SecretaryColonial OfficeBritish Secretary of State for the Colonies
From 1897 onwards, the High Commissioner for South Africa, Sir Alfred Milner, and the Colonial Secretary, Joseph Chamberlain, used the denial of rights to the uitlanders as their main point of attack against the Transvaal.

Sydney Goldman

Charles Sydney Goldmann
Born in Cape Colony, Goldman was a uitlander who spent much of his life in the Transvaal.

Solomon Joel

SB Joel's XIS. B. JoelSolly Joel
Early in his business career he supported the Uitlanders against Paul Kruger's government, and was a prominent member of the Reform Committee.

Lionel Phillips

Sir Lionel PhilipsSir Lionel PhillipsSir Lionel Phillips, 1st Baronet
Within a short while, Phillips became a leading player in the mining industry, as well as an active supporter of the Uitlander movement against the Transvaal Republic government.

David Lloyd George

Lloyd GeorgeRt Hon. David Lloyd GeorgeBritish Prime Minister David Lloyd George
Following Rosebery's lead, he based his attack firstly on what were supposed to be Britain's war aims – remedying the grievances of the Uitlanders and in particular the claim that they were wrongly denied the right to vote, saying "I do not believe the war has any connection with the franchise. It is a question of 45% dividends" and that England (which did not then have universal male suffrage) was more in need of franchise reform than the Boer republics.

Military history of Australia during the Second Boer War

Imperial Bushmen2nd Boer WarImperial Bushman
Just six years later in 1886, gold was discovered in the Republic, and a large influx of British prospectors (referred to as uitlanders by the Boers) increasingly led to confrontation with the Boers.

South African Light Horse

The regiment was formed in November 1899, just one month after the start of the Second Boer War, and by December of that year 8 squadrons had been raised from Uitlanders.

Ben Viljoen

On the Uitlander issue, Viljoen was an ally of Paul Kruger.