Ujjain

UjjayiniUjjainiUjjayaniUjjeniAvantiAvantikāUjainMahakalavanaNew Ujjain JunctionOujein
Ujjain is a city in Ujjain district of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.wikipedia
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Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh StateMPM.P.
Ujjain is a city in Ujjain district of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is the fifth largest city in Madhya Pradesh by population and is the administrative centre of Ujjain district and Ujjain division.
Its capital is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore, with Gwalior, Jabalpur and Ujjain being the other major cities.

Ujjain district

UjjainDistrict Ujjain
Ujjain is a city in Ujjain district of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is the fifth largest city in Madhya Pradesh by population and is the administrative centre of Ujjain district and Ujjain division.
The historic city of Ujjain is the district headquarters.

Malwa

MalavaMalwa PlateauMālwa
An ancient city situated on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River, Ujjain was the most prominent city on the Malwa plateau of central India for much of its history.
Ujjain had been the political, economic, and cultural capital of the region in ancient times, and Indore is now the largest city and commercial centre.

Avanti (Ancient India)

AvantiMalavasAvanti Kingdom
It was the capital of the ancient Avanti kingdom, one of the sixteen mahajanapadas.
The janapada was divided into two parts by the Vindhyas, the northern part had its capital at Ujjayini and the southern part had its centre at Mahishmati.

Hindu pilgrimage sites

pithaHindu pilgrimageHindu pilgrimage site
It is a famous Hindu pilgrimage centre with the Kumbh Mela held here every 12 years.
Kumbh Mela: The Kumbh Mela (the "pitcher festival") is one of the holiest of Hindu pilgrimages that is held every three years; the location is rotated among Prayagraj, Haridwar, Nashik, and Ujjain.

Indore

Indore CityIndore, IndiaIndore, MP
It remained an important political, commercial and cultural centre of central India until the early 19th century, when the British administrators decided to develop Indore as an alternative to it.
Ujjain was originally the commercial centre of Malwa.

Ashoka

AsokaAshoka the GreatEmperor Ashoka
The edicts of his grandson Ashoka mention four provinces of the Mauryan empire, of which Ujjain was the capital of the Western province.
The empire's capital was Pataliputra (in Magadha, present-day Patna), with provincial capitals at Taxila and Ujjain.

Ujjain division

Ujjain
It is the fifth largest city in Madhya Pradesh by population and is the administrative centre of Ujjain district and Ujjain division.
Ujjain is the administrative headquarters of the division.

Mahajanapadas

Kingdoms of Ancient IndiaMahajanapadaancient India
It was the capital of the ancient Avanti kingdom, one of the sixteen mahajanapadas.
Initially, Mahishamati (Mahissati) was the capital of Southern Avanti, and Ujjaini (Sanskrit: Ujjayini) was of northern Avanti, but at the times of Mahavira and Buddha, Ujjaini was the capital of integrated Avanti.

Smart Cities Mission

Smart CitySmart CitiesSmart Cities in India
Ujjain has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.

Kālidāsa

KalidasaKalidasKalidas’
Kalidasa, the great Indian classical poet of the 5th century who lived in the times of the Gupta king Vikramaditya wrote his epic work Meghadūta in which he describes the richness of Ujjain and its people.
Scholars have speculated that Kalidasa may have lived near the Himalayas, in the vicinity of Ujjain, and in Kalinga.

Vikramaditya

VikramādityaVikramaKalakacharya
Ujjain also appears in several stories as the capital of the legendary emperor Vikramaditya.
Many describe him as a universal ruler, with his capital at Ujjain (Pataliputra or Pratishthana in a few stories).

Mṛcchakatika

MrichakatikaMricchakatikaThe Little Clay Cart
Mrichchhakatika by Shudraka is also set in Ujjain.
The play is set in the ancient city of Ujjayini during the reign of the King Pālaka, near the end of the Pradyota dynasty that made up the first quarter of the fifth century BC.

Heheya Kingdom

HaihayaHaihayasHeheya
According to the Puranic texts, a branch of the legendary Haihaya dynasty ruled over Ujjain.
Probably, during the rule of the later Vitihotras, the whole Avanti region developed into two realms, divided by the Vindhyas, having principal cities at Mahishmati and Ujjayini (present day Ujjain).

Bhartṛhari

BhartrihariBhartrhariBharthari
Bharthari is said to have written his great epics, Virat Katha, Neeti Sataka, the love story of Pradyot Princess Vasavadatta and Udayan in Ujjayini, as the city was called during his times.
The name Bhartrihari is also sometimes associated with Bhartrihari traya Shataka, the legendary king of Ujjaini in the 1st century.

Malwa Subah

Malwa
As late as during the times of the Mughal vassal Jai Singh II (1688-1743), who constructed a Jantar Mantar in the city, Ujjain was the largest city and capital of the Malwa Subah.
Its seat was Ujjain.

Ved Shala

Jantar MantarJantar Mantar in UjjainVedh Shala
As late as during the times of the Mughal vassal Jai Singh II (1688-1743), who constructed a Jantar Mantar in the city, Ujjain was the largest city and capital of the Malwa Subah.
Vedh Shala or Jantar Mantar is located in the holy city of New Ujjain.

Yashwantrao Holkar

Yashwant Rao HolkarMaharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Alija Bahadur H.H. Yashwant Rao HolkarHolkar
On 1 September, Yashwantrao Holkar entered the city, and demanded a sum of 15 lakh rupees from the city.
In January 1799, Yashwant Rao Holkar was crowned King, as per Hindu Vedic rites and in May, 1799, he captured Ujjain.

Western Satraps

Western SatrapWestern KshatrapasWestern Kshatrapa
After the Mauryans, Ujjain was controlled by a number of empires and dynasties, including local dynasties, the Shungas, the Western Satraps, the Satavahanas, and the Guptas.
Goods were also brought down in quantity from Ujjain, the capital of the Western Satraps:

Maratha Empire

MarathaMarathasMaratha Confederacy
During the 18th century, the city briefly became the capital of Scindia state of the Maratha confederacy, when Ranoji Scindia established his capital at Ujjain in 1731.
These leaders became known as the Gaekwads of Baroda, the Holkars of Indore and Malwa, the Scindias of Gwalior and Ujjain, the Bhonsales of Nagpur, the Mehere's of Vidharbha and the Puars of Dhar and Dewas.

Iltutmish

IltumishShams-ud-din IltutmishShamsuddin Iltutmish
In 1235 CE, Iltutmish of Delhi Sultanate plundered the city, and destroyed its temples.
Over the next few years, Iltutmish suppressed a rebellion in Bengal, captured Gwalior, raided the Paramara-controlled cities of Bhilsa and Ujjain in central India, and expelled Khwarazmian subordinates in the north-west.

Shunga Empire

ShungaShunga dynastyShungas
After the Mauryans, Ujjain was controlled by a number of empires and dynasties, including local dynasties, the Shungas, the Western Satraps, the Satavahanas, and the Guptas.
They may also have controlled the city of Ujjain.

Ujjain Development Authority

The Ujjain Development Authority, also known as UDA, is the urban planning agency serving Ujjain.
Ujjain Development Authority also known as UDA is the urban planning agency serving Ujjain Division of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

Battle of Ujjain

defeat of Ujjain
On 18 July 1801, the Holkars defeated the Scindias at the Battle of Ujjain.
The Battle of Ujjain took place on 18 July 1801 near Ujjain between the rival factions of the Maratha Confederacy.

Dhar

DharaDharanagarDhar Fort
The Paramaras (9th-14th century CE) shifted the region's capital from Ujjain to Dhar.
The name of the tank probably derives from Vākpati Muñja, the 10th century Paramāra king who first entered Mālwa and made Ujjain his main seat.