Ukraine

🇺🇦UkrainianUKRUkrainiansWestern UkraineUkrainUAUkrainian-bornthe Ukrainecountry
{{Infobox country * conventional_long_name = Ukraine * common_name = Ukraine * native_name = {{native name|uk|Україна|italics=off}}wikipedia
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Kiev

KyivKiev, UkraineKijów
capital = Kiev
Kiev or Kyiv is the capital and most populous city of Ukraine, located in the north-central part of the country on the Dnieper.

Crimea

Crimean PeninsulaAutonomous Republic of CrimeaCrimean
Excluding Crimea, Ukraine has a population of about 42.5 million, making it the 32nd most populous country in the world. Ukraine is currently in a territorial dispute with Russia over the Crimean Peninsula, which Russia annexed in 2014.
It is located south of the Ukrainian region of Kherson, to which it is connected by the Isthmus of Perekop, and west of the Russian region of Kuban, from which it is separated by the Strait of Kerch though linked by the Crimean Bridge.

Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation

2014 Crimean crisisannexation of Crimea2014 Russian annexation of Crimea
Ukraine is currently in a territorial dispute with Russia over the Crimean Peninsula, which Russia annexed in 2014. These events formed the background for the annexation of Crimea by Russia in March 2014, and the War in Donbass in April 2014.
The Crimean Peninsula was annexed from Ukraine by the Russian Federation in February–March 2014 and since then has been administered as two Russian federal subjects—the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol.

Ukrainian alphabet

UkrainianUkrainian orthographyCyrillic
Ukrainian is the official language and its alphabet is Cyrillic.
The Ukrainian alphabet is the set of letters used to write Ukrainian, the official language of Ukraine.

Cossack Hetmanate

HetmanateUkrainian CossacksUkraine
A Cossack republic emerged and prospered during the 17th and 18th centuries, but its territory was eventually split between Poland and the Russian Empire, and finally merged fully into the Russian-dominated Soviet Union in the late 1940s as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.
The Cossack Hetmanate, officially known as the Zaporizhian Host (Військо Запорозьке, ', Exercitus Zaporoviensis) was a Ukrainian Cossack host in Central Ukraine between 1649 and 1764 (some sources claim until 1782).

Poland

🇵🇱PolishPOL
Following its fragmentation in the 13th century, the territory was contested, ruled and divided by a variety of powers, including Lithuania, Poland, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Russia.
Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and Czech Republic, to the south, and Germany to the west.

Viktor Yanukovych

YanukovychViktor Yanukovichpresident
In 2013, after the government of President Viktor Yanukovych had decided to suspend the Ukraine-European Union Association Agreement and seek closer economic ties with Russia, a several-months-long wave of demonstrations and protests known as the Euromaidan began, which later escalated into the 2014 Ukrainian revolution that led to the overthrow of Yanukovych and the establishment of a new government.
Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych (Ві́ктор Фе́дорович Януко́вич, ; born 9 July 1950) is a Ukrainian politician who was elected as the fourth President of Ukraine on 7 February 2010.

Kievan Rus'

Rus'RusKiev
established_event1 = Kievan Rus'
The modern nations of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine all claim Kievan Rus' as their cultural ancestors, with Belarus and Russia deriving their names from it.

2014 Ukrainian revolution

Ukrainian revolutionMaidan revolutionrevolution
In 2013, after the government of President Viktor Yanukovych had decided to suspend the Ukraine-European Union Association Agreement and seek closer economic ties with Russia, a several-months-long wave of demonstrations and protests known as the Euromaidan began, which later escalated into the 2014 Ukrainian revolution that led to the overthrow of Yanukovych and the establishment of a new government.
The Ukrainian revolution of 2014 (also known as the Euromaidan Revolution or Revolution of Dignity; Революція гідності, Revoliutsiia hidnosti) took place in Ukraine in February 2014, when a series of violent events involving protesters, riot police, and unknown shooters in the capital, Kiev, culminated in the ousting of the elected Ukrainian President, Viktor Yanukovych, and the overthrow of the Ukrainian Government.

War in Donbass

captured several towns in Donetsk Oblastwar in Eastern UkraineVostok Battalion
These events formed the background for the annexation of Crimea by Russia in March 2014, and the War in Donbass in April 2014.
The War in Donbass is an armed conflict in the Donbass region of Ukraine.

Euromaidan

MaidanRevolution of DignityEuromaidan protests
In 2013, after the government of President Viktor Yanukovych had decided to suspend the Ukraine-European Union Association Agreement and seek closer economic ties with Russia, a several-months-long wave of demonstrations and protests known as the Euromaidan began, which later escalated into the 2014 Ukrainian revolution that led to the overthrow of Yanukovych and the establishment of a new government.
Euromaidan (Євромайдан, Евромайдан, literally "Euro[pean] Square") was a wave of demonstrations and civil unrest in Ukraine, which began on the night of 21 November 2013 with public protests in Maidan Nezalezhnosti ("Independence Square") in Kiev.

Armed Forces of Ukraine

Ukrainian Armed ForcesArmed ForcesUkrainian Army
Ukraine also maintains the second-largest military in Europe after that of Russia.
The Armed Forces of Ukraine Zbroyni Syly Ukrayiny, (ZSU)) is the military of Ukraine.

Ukrainians

UkrainianUkraineethnic Ukrainians
demonym = Ukrainian The country is home to a multi-ethnic population, 77.8 percent of whom are Ukrainians, followed by a very large Russian minority, as well as Georgians, Romanians, Belarusians, Crimean Tatars, Jews, Bulgarians and Hungarians.
Ukrainians (українці, ukrayintsi, ) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Ukraine, which is by total population the sixth-largest nation in Europe.

History of the Jews in Ukraine

JewishUkrainian JewishUkraine
The country is home to a multi-ethnic population, 77.8 percent of whom are Ukrainians, followed by a very large Russian minority, as well as Georgians, Romanians, Belarusians, Crimean Tatars, Jews, Bulgarians and Hungarians.
Jewish communities have existed in the territory of Ukraine from the time of Kievan Rus' (late 9th to mid-13th century) and developed many of the most distinctive modern Jewish theological and cultural traditions such as Hasidism.

Petro Poroshenko

PoroshenkoPetro Poroshenko (President)President Poroshenko
leader_name1 = Petro Poroshenko
Petro Oleksiyovych Poroshenko (Петро́ Олексі́йович Пороше́нко, ; born 26 September 1965 ) is the fifth and current President of Ukraine (excluding acting president Oleksandr Turchynov), in office since 2014.

History of Ukraine

historyUkrainian historyUkraine
sovereignty_type = Establishment history
Prehistoric Ukraine, as part of the Pontic steppe, has played an important role in Eurasian cultural contacts, including the spread of the Chalcolithic, the Bronze Age, Indo-European expansion and the domestication of the horse.

Ukrainian People's Republic

UkraineUNRUkrainian
established_event4 = Proclamation of Republic within Russia
The Ukrainian People's Republic, or Ukrainian National Republic (abbreviated to УНР, ), a predecessor of modern Ukraine, was declared on 10 June 1917 following the February Revolution in Russia.

Andriy Parubiy

parliament chairman Parubiy
leader_name3 = Andriy Parubiy
Andriy Volodymyrovych Parubiy (Андрій Володимирович Парубій; born 31 January 1971) is a Ukrainian politician who has been the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada, the Ukrainian parliament, since 14 April 2016.

Volodymyr Groysman

Volodymyr GroismanVolodymyr HroismanVolodymyr Hroysman
leader_name2 = Volodymyr Groysman
Volodymyr Borysovych Groysman, sometimes transliterated as Volodymyr Borysovych Hroisman (Володи́мир Бори́сович Гро́йсман (born 20 January 1978), is a Ukrainian politician of Jewish descent who has been the Prime Minister of Ukraine since 14 April 2016.

Lithuania

🇱🇹LTULithuanian
Following its fragmentation in the 13th century, the territory was contested, ruled and divided by a variety of powers, including Lithuania, Poland, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Russia.
In 1362 or 1363, Grand Duke Algirdas achieved a decisive victory in the Battle of Blue Waters against Golden Horde and stopped its further expansion in the present-day Ukraine.

GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development

GUAMOrganization for Democracy and Economic Development (GUAM)GUAM charter
The country is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the OSCE, the GUAM organization, and one of the founding states of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
The GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development is a regional organization of four post-Soviet states: Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, and Moldova.

1991 Ukrainian independence referendum

1991 referendumreferendumindependence referendum
footnote_a = An independence referendum was held on 1 December, after which Ukrainian independence was finalized on 26 December.
A referendum on the Act of Declaration of Independence was held in Ukraine on 1 December 1991.

Ukrainian hryvnia

hryvniaUAH
currency = Ukrainian hryvnia
The hryvnia, sometimes hryvnya (гривня, approximately, abbr.: грн (hrn in the Latin alphabet)); sign: ₴, code: UAH), has been the national currency of Ukraine since 2 September 1996.

Telephone numbers in Ukraine

Dialing code+380Area code
calling_code = +380
On 14 October 2009, Ukraine switched to the dialing conventions common in the European Union.

Cucuteni–Trypillia culture

Cucuteni-Trypillia cultureCucuteni-Trypillian cultureTrypillya culture
By 4,500 BC, the Neolithic Cucuteni-Trypillian Culture flourished in wide areas of modern Ukraine including Trypillia and the entire Dnieper-Dniester region.
It extended from the Carpathian Mountains to the Dniester and Dnieper regions, centred on modern-day Moldova and covering substantial parts of western Ukraine and northeastern Romania, encompassing an area of 350,000 km2, with a diameter of 500 km (300 mi; roughly from Kyiv in the northeast to Brașov in the southwest).