Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

Ukrainian SSRSoviet UkraineUkraineUkrainianUkraine SSRUkSSRUkrainian Socialist Soviet RepublicUkrSSRUSSRSoviet Ukrainian
The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (Ukrainian SSR or UkrSSR or UkSSR; Украї́нська Радя́нська Соціалісти́чна Респу́бліка, Украї́нська РСР, УРСР ; Украи́нская Сове́тская Социалисти́ческая Респу́блика, Украи́нская ССР, УССР ; see "Name" section below), also known as Soviet Ukraine, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union from the Union's inception in 1922 to its breakup in 1991.wikipedia
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Republics of the Soviet Union

Soviet republicsSoviet republicunion republic
The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (Ukrainian SSR or UkrSSR or UkSSR; Украї́нська Радя́нська Соціалісти́чна Респу́бліка, Украї́нська РСР, УРСР ; Украи́нская Сове́тская Социалисти́ческая Респу́блика, Украи́нская ССР, УССР ; see "Name" section below), also known as Soviet Ukraine, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union from the Union's inception in 1922 to its breakup in 1991.
This allowed for two Soviet Republics, Ukraine and Byelorussia, (as well as the USSR as a whole) to join the United Nations General Assembly as founding members in 1945.

Ukraine

UkrainianUKRUkrainia
Upon the Soviet Union's dissolution and perestroika, the Ukrainian SSR was transformed into the modern nation-state and renamed itself to Ukraine. Since the adoption of the Constitution of Ukraine in June 1996, the country became known simply as Ukraine, which is the name used to this day.
A Cossack republic emerged and prospered during the 17th and 18th centuries, but its territory was eventually split between Poland and the Russian Empire, and finally merged fully into the Russian-dominated Soviet Union in the late 1940s as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.

Kharkiv

KharkovKharkov, UkraineKharkiv, Ukraine
From the start, the eastern city of Kharkiv served as the republic's capital. The two most prominent of them were a government in Kiev (called the Ukrainian People's Republic (UPR)) and a government in Kharkiv (called the Ukrainian Soviet Republic (USR)).
Kharkiv was the first capital of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, from December 1919 to January 1934, after which the capital relocated to Kiev.

Zakarpattia Oblast

ZakarpattiaTranscarpathiaZakarpattya
Throughout its 72-year history, the republic's borders changed many times, with a significant portion of what is now Western Ukraine being annexed by Soviet forces in 1939 from the Republic of Poland, and the addition of Zakarpattia in 1946.
Zakarpatska Oblast was established on 22 January 1946, after the resignation of Czechoslovakia on the territory of Subcarpathian Ruthenia (Podkarpatská Rus), annexed forcibly by the Soviet Union and attached to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, under a treaty between Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union.

Kiev

KyivKiev, UkraineKyiv, Ukraine
However, in 1934, the seat of government was subsequently moved to the city of Kiev, Ukraine's historic capital. The two most prominent of them were a government in Kiev (called the Ukrainian People's Republic (UPR)) and a government in Kharkiv (called the Ukrainian Soviet Republic (USR)).
From 1921 onward Kiev was a city of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, which was proclaimed by the Red Army, and, from 1934, Kiev was its capital.

Member states of the United Nations

UN member statesUnited Nations member statesmember states
The Ukrainian SSR was a founding member of the United Nations, although it was legally represented by the All-Union state in its affairs with countries outside of the Soviet Union.
The original members of the United Nations were: France, the Republic of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States, Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Byelorussia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Liberia, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, Poland, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Syria, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay, Venezuela and Yugoslavia.

Demographics of Ukraine

indigenous peoples of Ukrainenational minoritiespopulation of Ukraine
According to the Soviet Census of 1989 the republic had a population of 51,706,746 inhabitants, which fell sharply after the breakup of the Soviet Union.
The Crimean peninsula changed hands as well, in 1897 it was a part of the Taurida Governorate, but after the October Revolution became part of the Russian SFSR, and later was turned under the administration of the Ukrainian SSR.

Western Ukraine

West UkrainewesternWestern Ukrainian
Throughout its 72-year history, the republic's borders changed many times, with a significant portion of what is now Western Ukraine being annexed by Soviet forces in 1939 from the Republic of Poland, and the addition of Zakarpattia in 1946.
At the onset of World War II the whole territory was incorporated into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, following elections which are acknowledged as staged and specifically for the purpose to manufactured public consent for the transfer of land from occupied Poland to the Soviet Union as of October 22, 1939.

Ukrainian People's Republic

Ukrainian National RepublicUkraineUNR
The two most prominent of them were a government in Kiev (called the Ukrainian People's Republic (UPR)) and a government in Kharkiv (called the Ukrainian Soviet Republic (USR)).
The 18 March 1921 Treaty of Riga between the Second Polish Republic, Soviet Russia (acting also on behalf of Soviet Belarus) and of Soviet Ukraine sealed the fate of the Ukrainian People's Republic.

Soviet annexation of Eastern Galicia, Volhynia and Northern Bukovina

Soviet annexation of Western Ukraine, 1939–1940Soviet annexation of Western Ukraineannexed by the Soviet Union
Throughout its 72-year history, the republic's borders changed many times, with a significant portion of what is now Western Ukraine being annexed by Soviet forces in 1939 from the Republic of Poland, and the addition of Zakarpattia in 1946.
The annexation of these territories, which were added to Soviet Byelorussia and the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, resulted in the Soviet state gaining 50600 sqmi, and increasing its population by over seven million people.

Czechoslovakia

CzechoslovakCzechCzechoslovakian
The Ukrainian SSR's border with Czechoslovakia formed the Soviet Union's western-most border point.
After World War II, pre-war Czechoslovakia was re-established, with the exception of Subcarpathian Ruthenia, which was annexed by the Soviet Union and incorporated into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.

Communist Party of Ukraine (Soviet Union)

Communist Party of UkraineCommunist Party (Bolsheviks) of UkraineCommunist Party (Bolshevik) of Ukraine
The republic was governed by the Communist Party of Ukraine as a unitary one-party socialist soviet republic.
The Communist Party of Ukraine (Комуністична Партія України Komunistychna Partiya Ukrayiny, КПУ, KPU; Коммунистическая партия Украины), was the founding and ruling political party of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic operated as a republican branch (union republics) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU).

Soviet Census (1989)

1989 Census1989 Soviet Census1989
According to the Soviet Census of 1989 the republic had a population of 51,706,746 inhabitants, which fell sharply after the breakup of the Soviet Union.
In 1989, about half of the Soviet Union's total population lived in the Russian SFSR, and approximately one-sixth (18%) of them in Ukraine.

Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic

Belarusian SSRByelorussian SSRBelorussian SSR
Geographically, the Ukrainian SSR was situated in Eastern Europe to the north of the Black Sea, bordered by the Soviet republics of Moldavia, Byelorussia, and the Russian SFSR.
Within the Soviet Union, it bordered the Lithuanian SSR and the Latvian SSR to the north, the Russian SFSR to the east, and the Ukrainian SSR to the south.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (Ukrainian SSR or UkrSSR or UkSSR; Украї́нська Радя́нська Соціалісти́чна Респу́бліка, Украї́нська РСР, УРСР ; Украи́нская Сове́тская Социалисти́ческая Респу́блика, Украи́нская ССР, УССР ; see "Name" section below), also known as Soviet Ukraine, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union from the Union's inception in 1922 to its breakup in 1991.
In 1922, after a civil war ending in the Bolsheviks' victory, the USSR was formed by a treaty which united the Russian, Transcaucasian, Ukrainian and Byelorussian republics.

Holodomor

Ukrainian faminefaminefamine in Ukraine
A famine known as the Holodomor caused a direct loss of human life estimated between 2.6 million to 10 million.
The Holodomor (Голодомо́р; derived from морити голодом, "to kill by starvation") was a man-made famine in Soviet Ukraine in 1932 and 1933 that killed millions of Ukrainians.

Socialist state

socialist republicsocialistsocialist countries
The republic was governed by the Communist Party of Ukraine as a unitary one-party socialist soviet republic.
In 1922, it merged with the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, and Transcaucasian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic into a single federal union - the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

Executed Renaissance

Hartphysically eliminate the public proponentsUkrainian Renaissance
Between 1934 and 1939 prominent representatives of Ukrainian culture were executed.
The term Executed Renaissance (Розстріляне відродження, Rozstrilyane vidrodzhennya) is used to describe the generation of Ukrainian writers and artists of 1920s and early 1930s who were performing in the Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic and were executed or repressed by Stalin's totalitarian regime.

Ukrainian Soviet Republic

Ukrainian RepublicSoviet UkraineUkraine
The two most prominent of them were a government in Kiev (called the Ukrainian People's Republic (UPR)) and a government in Kharkiv (called the Ukrainian Soviet Republic (USR)).
After the victory of the Soviet government in Ukraine Ukrainian People's Republic was officially rebranded in Ukrainian Soviet Republic and then Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic which became one of the co-founders of Soviet Union.

Peace of Riga

Treaty of RigaRiga Peace TreatyPeace Treaty of Riga
Eventually, the Red Army ended up controlling much of the Ukrainian territory after the Polish-Soviet Peace of Riga.
The Peace of Riga, also known as the Treaty of Riga (Traktat Ryski), was signed in Riga on 18 March 1921, among Poland, Soviet Russia (acting also on behalf of Soviet Belarus) and Soviet Ukraine.

Carpathian Ruthenia

TranscarpathiaSubcarpathian RusSubcarpathian Ruthenia
In 1945, these lands were permanently annexed, and the Transcarpathia region was added as well, by treaty with the post-war administration of Czechoslovakia.
After the war, it was occupied by the USSR and became part of Soviet Ukraine.

Constitution of Ukraine

Ukrainian ConstitutionConstitutionconstitutional
Since the adoption of the Constitution of Ukraine in June 1996, the country became known simply as Ukraine, which is the name used to this day.
Until June 8, 1995, Ukraine's supreme law was the Constitution (Fundamental Law) of the Ukrainian SSR (adopted in 1978, with numerous later amendments).

Soviet invasion of Poland

invaded Polandinvasion of PolandSoviet invasion
In September 1939, the Soviet Union invaded Poland and occupied Galician lands inhabited by Ukrainians, Poles and Jews adding it to the territory of the Ukrainian SSR.
The Soviet Union appended the annexed territories to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic and the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic.

Russian Revolution

Russian Revolution of 1917Revolution1917 Revolution
After the Russian Revolution of 1917, several factions sought to create an independent Ukrainian state, alternately cooperating and struggling against each other.
They also established Soviet power in the newly independent republics of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia and Ukraine.

Taganrog

Taganrog, RussiaTahanrihAzov Sea region
The last session of the government took place in the city of Taganrog.
Full power was granted to the Executive Committee of The City Soviet Workers' council on December 17, 1920, and Taganrog briefly joined the Ukrainian SSR as the administrative center of Taganrog Okrug, until it was transferred to the Russian SFSR along with Shakhty Okrug on October 1, 1924.