Ulcerative colitis

colitis ulcerosaColitisinflammatory colitiscolitis ulcerativecolitis, ulcerativeUlcerative colitis (UC)ulcersulcers from his colon
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a long-term condition that results in inflammation and ulcers of the colon and rectum.wikipedia
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Diarrhea

diarrhoeadiarrheal diseaseschronic diarrhea
The primary symptoms of active disease are abdominal pain and diarrhea mixed with blood.
These include lactose intolerance, irritable bowel syndrome, non-celiac gluten sensitivity, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease such as ulcerative colitis, hyperthyroidism, bile acid diarrhea, and a number of medications.

Inflammatory bowel disease

inflammatory bowel diseasesIBDindeterminate colitis
It is a kind of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) along with Crohn's disease and microscopic colitis.
Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are the principal types of inflammatory bowel disease.

Abdominal pain

stomach acheupset stomachabdominal discomfort
The primary symptoms of active disease are abdominal pain and diarrhea mixed with blood.

Mesalazine

mesalamine5-aminosalicylic acidAsacol
Several medications are used to treat symptoms and bring about and maintain remission, including aminosalicylates such as mesalazine or sulfasalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, and biologic therapy.
Mesalazine, also known as mesalamine or 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), is a medication used to treat inflammatory bowel disease, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.

Sulfasalazine

sulphasalazineAzulfidineSalazopyrine
Several medications are used to treat symptoms and bring about and maintain remission, including aminosalicylates such as mesalazine or sulfasalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, and biologic therapy.
Sulfasalazine (SSZ), sold under the trade name Azulfidine among others, is a medication used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn's disease.

Azathioprine

ImuranAzahexalAzasan
Several medications are used to treat symptoms and bring about and maintain remission, including aminosalicylates such as mesalazine or sulfasalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, and biologic therapy.
It is used in rheumatoid arthritis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and in kidney transplants to prevent rejection.

Aminosalicylate

aminosalicylates
Several medications are used to treat symptoms and bring about and maintain remission, including aminosalicylates such as mesalazine or sulfasalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, and biologic therapy.

Crohn's disease

Crohn’s diseaseCrohn diseaseCrohn
It is a kind of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) along with Crohn's disease and microscopic colitis.
Because of the 'patchy' nature of the gastrointestinal disease and the depth of tissue involvement, initial symptoms can be more subtle than those of ulcerative colitis.

Chronic condition

chronicchronic diseasechronic diseases
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a long-term condition that results in inflammation and ulcers of the colon and rectum.

Biological therapy for inflammatory bowel disease

biologic agentsbiologic therapy
Several medications are used to treat symptoms and bring about and maintain remission, including aminosalicylates such as mesalazine or sulfasalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, and biologic therapy.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a collection of systemic diseases involving inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, includes two (or three) diseases of unknown causation: ulcerative colitis, which affects only the large bowel; Crohn's disease, which can affect the entire gastrointestinal tract; and indeterminate colitis, which consists of large bowel inflammation that shows elements of both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

Megacolon

enlarged colon
Complications may include megacolon, inflammation of the eye, joints, or liver, and colon cancer.
Toxic megacolon is mainly seen in ulcerative colitis and pseudomembranous colitis, two chronic inflammations of the colon (and occasionally, in the other type of inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's disease).

Colectomy

colon resectionhemicolectomyright hemicolectomy
Removal of the colon by surgery may be necessary if the disease is severe, does not respond to treatment, or if complications such as colon cancer develop.

Toxic megacolon

megacolon, toxic
Toxic megacolon is usually a complication of inflammatory bowel disease, such as ulcerative colitis and, more rarely, Crohn's disease, and of some infections of the colon, including Clostridium difficile infections, which have led to pseudomembranous colitis.

Lactose intolerance

lactose intolerantlactose-intolerantlactase deficiency
Dietary changes, such as maintaining a high-calorie diet or lactose-free diet, may improve symptoms.
It may be caused by acute gastroenteritis, coeliac disease, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, chemotherapy, intestinal parasites (such as giardia), or other environmental causes.

Corticosteroid

corticosteroidssteroidssteroid
Several medications are used to treat symptoms and bring about and maintain remission, including aminosalicylates such as mesalazine or sulfasalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, and biologic therapy.

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia

autoimmune haemolytic anaemiaautoimmune haemolytic anemiaanemia, hemolytic, autoimmune
The most common causes of secondary warm-type AIHA include lymphoproliferative disorders (e.g., chronic lymphocytic leukemia, lymphoma) and other autoimmune disorders (e.g., systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis).

Primary sclerosing cholangitis

sclerosing cholangitisCholangitis, primary sclerosingcholangitis, sclerosing
Ulcerative colitis has a significant association with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), a progressive inflammatory disorder of small and large bile ducts.
This is further suggested by the observation that approximately 75% of individuals with PSC also have inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), most often ulcerative colitis.

Sacroiliitis

inflammation of the sacroiliac joint
It is a feature of spondyloarthropathies, such as axial spondyloarthritis (including ankylosing spondylitis), psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis or arthritis related to inflammatory bowel diseases, including ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease.

Microscopic colitis

It is a kind of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) along with Crohn's disease and microscopic colitis.
Differential diagnoses, which should be ruled out, include bile acid diarrhea, lactose malabsorption, celiac disease, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and infectious colitis.

Proctocolectomy

large intestine was removedRemoval of the colon and rectumtotal proctocolectomy
Removal of the colon and rectum can cure the disease.
It is a most widely accepted surgical method for ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP).

Weight loss

weight-losslose weightlosing weight
Weight loss, fever, and anemia may also occur.

Aphthous stomatitis

aphthous ulceraphthous ulcerscanker sores
Gastrointestinal disorders are sometimes associated with aphthous-like stomatitis, e.g. most commonly Celiac disease, but also inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis.

Ulcer

ulcersulcerationulcerative
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a long-term condition that results in inflammation and ulcers of the colon and rectum.