Ulcerative colitis

Colitiscolitis ulcerosainflammatory colitiscolitis ulcerativecolitis, ulcerativeUlcerative colitis (UC)ulcersulcers from his colon
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a long-term condition that results in inflammation and ulcers of the colon and rectum.wikipedia
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Inflammatory bowel disease

inflammatory bowel diseasesIBDindeterminate colitis
It is a kind of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) along with Crohn's disease and microscopic colitis.
Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are the principal types of inflammatory bowel disease.

Azathioprine

Several medications are used to treat symptoms and bring about and maintain remission, including aminosalicylates such as mesalazine or sulfasalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, and biologic therapy. Immunosuppressive medications such as azathioprine and biological agents such as infliximab and adalimumab are given only if people cannot achieve remission with 5-ASA and corticosteroids.
It is used in rheumatoid arthritis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and in kidney transplants to prevent rejection.

Sulfasalazine

sulphasalazine
Several medications are used to treat symptoms and bring about and maintain remission, including aminosalicylates such as mesalazine or sulfasalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, and biologic therapy.
Sulfasalazine (SSZ), sold under the trade name Azulfidine among others, is a medication used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn's disease.

Aminosalicylate

aminosalicylates
Several medications are used to treat symptoms and bring about and maintain remission, including aminosalicylates such as mesalazine or sulfasalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, and biologic therapy.
An aminosalicylate is a class of medications that is often used to treat ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.

Mesalazine

mesalamine5-aminosalicylic acidAsacol
Several medications are used to treat symptoms and bring about and maintain remission, including aminosalicylates such as mesalazine or sulfasalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, and biologic therapy.
Mesalazine, also known as mesalamine or 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), is an aminosalicylate anti-inflammatory drug used to treat inflammatory bowel disease, including ulcerative colitis, or inflamed anus or rectum, and to maintain remission in Crohn's disease.

Biological therapy for inflammatory bowel disease

biologic agentsbiologic therapyBiological therapies
Several medications are used to treat symptoms and bring about and maintain remission, including aminosalicylates such as mesalazine or sulfasalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, and biologic therapy.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a collection of systemic diseases involving inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, includes two (or three) diseases of unknown causation: ulcerative colitis, which affects only the large bowel; Crohn's disease, which can affect the entire gastrointestinal tract; and indeterminate colitis, which consists of large bowel inflammation that shows elements of both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

Crohn's disease

Crohn’s diseasechronCrohn
It is a kind of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) along with Crohn's disease and microscopic colitis.
Although the association is greater in the context of ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease may also be associated with primary sclerosing cholangitis, a type of inflammation of the bile ducts.

Abdominal pain

stomach acheupset stomachstomachache
The primary symptoms of active disease are abdominal pain and diarrhea mixed with blood.
Inflammatory: gastroenteritis, appendicitis, gastritis, esophagitis, diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, microscopic colitis

Chronic condition

chronicchronic diseasechronic diseases
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a long-term condition that results in inflammation and ulcers of the colon and rectum.
Autoimmune diseases, such as ulcerative colitis, lupus erythematosus, Crohn's disease, coeliac disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and relapsing polychondritis

Diarrhea

diarrhoeadiarrheal diseaseschronic diarrhea
The primary symptoms of active disease are abdominal pain and diarrhea mixed with blood.
This occurs with inflammatory bowel diseases, such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, and other severe infections such as E. coli or other forms of food poisoning.

Toxic megacolon

megacolon, toxic
Fulminant disease correlates with more than 10 bowel movements daily, continuous bleeding, toxicity, abdominal tenderness and distension, blood transfusion requirement, and colonic dilation (expansion). Patients in this category may have inflammation extending beyond just the mucosal layer, causing impaired colonic motility and leading to toxic megacolon. If the serous membrane is involved, a colonic perforation may ensue. Unless treated, the fulminant disease will soon lead to death.
Toxic megacolon is usually a complication of inflammatory bowel disease, such as ulcerative colitis and, more rarely, Crohn's disease, and of some infections of the colon, including Clostridium difficile infections, which have led to pseudomembranous colitis.

Arthritis

arthriticjoint inflammationarthritic changes
Seronegative arthritis, which can be a large-joint oligoarthritis (affecting one or two joints), or may affect many small joints of the hands and feet
Inflammatory bowel disease (including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis)

Primary sclerosing cholangitis

sclerosing cholangitischolangitis, sclerosingprimary sclerosis cholangitis
Primary sclerosing cholangitis, a distinct disease that causes inflammation of the bile ducts
This is further suggested by the observation that approximately 75% of individuals with PSC also have inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), most often ulcerative colitis.

Colectomy

right hemicolectomycolon resectionhemicolectomy
Removal of the colon by surgery may be necessary if the disease is severe, does not respond to treatment, or if complications such as colon cancer develop.
Inflammatory bowel disease such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease. Colectomy neither cures nor eliminates Crohn's disease, instead only removing part of the entire diseased large intestine. A colectomy is considered a cure for ulcerative colitis because the disease attacks only the large intestine and therefore will not be able to flare up again if the entire large intestine (cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon and sigmoid colon) and rectum are removed. However, it does not always take away extra-intestinal symptoms.

Megacolon

enlarged colon
Complications may include megacolon, inflammation of the eye, joints, or liver, and colon cancer.
Toxic megacolon is mainly seen in ulcerative colitis and pseudomembranous colitis, two chronic inflammations of the colon (and occasionally, in the other type of inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's disease).

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia

autoimmune haemolytic anaemiaautoimmune haemolytic anemiaanemia, hemolytic, autoimmune
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia
The most common causes of secondary warm-type AIHA include lymphoproliferative disorders (e.g., chronic lymphocytic leukemia, lymphoma) and other autoimmune disorders (e.g., systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis).

Lactose intolerance

lactose intolerantlactose-intolerantlactase deficiency
Dietary changes, such as maintaining a high-calorie diet or lactose-free diet, may improve symptoms.
It may be caused by acute gastroenteritis, coeliac disease, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, chemotherapy, intestinal parasites (such as giardia), or other environmental causes.

Corticosteroid

corticosteroidssteroidssteroid
Several medications are used to treat symptoms and bring about and maintain remission, including aminosalicylates such as mesalazine or sulfasalazine, steroids, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine, and biologic therapy.
Ulcerative colitis

Systemic disease

systemicsystemic infectionmultisystem disease
Mild disease correlates with fewer than four stools daily, with or without blood, no systemic signs of toxicity, and a normal erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) or C-reactive protein (CRP). Mild abdominal pain or cramping may occur. Patients may believe they are constipated when in fact they are experiencing tenesmus, which is a constant feeling of the need to empty the bowel accompanied by involuntary straining efforts, pain, and cramping with little or no fecal output. Rectal pain is uncommon.
Ulcerative colitis – an inflammatory bowel disease

Tofacitinib

tasocitinib
Tofacitinib was approved for treatment of moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis in 2018 in the US, the first oral medication indicated for long term use in this condition.
Tofacitinib, sold under the brand Xeljanz among others, is a medication used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and ulcerative colitis.

Sacroiliitis

inflammation of the sacroiliac joint
Sacroiliitis, arthritis of the lower spine
Sacroiliitis (say-kroe-il-e-I-tus) is a medical condition caused by any inflammation within one, or both, of the sacroiliac joint s. Sacroiliitis is a feature of spondyloarthropathies, such as axial spondyloarthritis (including ankylosing spondylitis), psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis or arthritis related to inflammatory bowel diseases, including ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease.

Infliximab

Remicade
Immunosuppressive medications such as azathioprine and biological agents such as infliximab and adalimumab are given only if people cannot achieve remission with 5-ASA and corticosteroids.
Infliximab was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and rheumatoid arthritis.

Pyoderma gangrenosum

Pyoderma gangrenosum, which is a painful ulcerating lesion involving the skin
For instance, ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and multiple myeloma (MM) have all been associated with pyoderma gangrenosum.

Adalimumab

abalimumabada''limumabadalimumab biosimilar
Immunosuppressive medications such as azathioprine and biological agents such as infliximab and adalimumab are given only if people cannot achieve remission with 5-ASA and corticosteroids.
Adalimumab, sold under the trade name Humira among others, is a medication used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, chronic psoriasis, hidradenitis suppurativa, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and uveitis.

Colitis

pseudomembranous colitiscolon inflammationinfectious colitis
Pseudomembranous colitis, or Clostridium difficile-associated colitis, bacterial upsets often seen following administration of antibiotics
The context is clear; for example, an individual with ulcerative colitis is talking about their disease with a physician who knows the diagnosis.