Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses GrantGrantPresident GrantU.S. GrantGeneral GrantU. S. GrantUlysses S GrantGeneral Ulysses S. GrantPresident Ulysses S. GrantUlysses Simpson Grant
Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American soldier and politician who served as the 18th president of the United States from 1869 to 1877.wikipedia
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Union Army

UnionUnion troopsUnion forces
Before his presidency, Grant led the Union Army in winning the American Civil War. During the Civil War, he joined the Union Army in 1861, and led the Vicksburg campaign, which gained control of the Mississippi River in 1863.
In addition, almost 200 West Point graduates who had previously left the Army, including Ulysses S. Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman, and Braxton Bragg, would return to service at the outbreak of the war.

American Civil War

Civil WarU.S. Civil WarUnited States Civil War
Before his presidency, Grant led the Union Army in winning the American Civil War. During the Civil War, he joined the Union Army in 1861, and led the Vicksburg campaign, which gained control of the Mississippi River in 1863.
The war effectively ended April 9, 1865, when General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at the Battle of Appomattox Court House.

Overland Campaign

Wilderness CampaignGrant's Overland CampaignWilderness
For thirteen months, Grant fought Robert E. Lee during the high casualty Overland Campaign and at Petersburg.
Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, general-in-chief of all Union armies, directed the actions of the Army of the Potomac, commanded by Maj. Gen. George G. Meade, and other forces against Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia.

Siege of Petersburg

PetersburgRichmond-Petersburg CampaignBattle of Petersburg
For thirteen months, Grant fought Robert E. Lee during the high casualty Overland Campaign and at Petersburg.
The campaign consisted of nine months of trench warfare in which Union forces commanded by Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant assaulted Petersburg unsuccessfully and then constructed trench lines that eventually extended over 30 mi from the eastern outskirts of Richmond, Virginia, to around the eastern and southern outskirts of Petersburg.

Vicksburg campaign

Vicksburgfall of VicksburgGrant's Mississippi Central Campaign
During the Civil War, he joined the Union Army in 1861, and led the Vicksburg campaign, which gained control of the Mississippi River in 1863.
The Union Army of the Tennessee under Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant gained control of the river by capturing this stronghold and defeating Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton's forces stationed there.

Reconstruction era

ReconstructionpostbellumCongressional Reconstruction
As president, Grant worked with the Radical Republicans in the Reconstruction of the Union while having to deal with corruption in his administration.
Elected in 1868, Republican President Ulysses S. Grant supported Congressional Reconstruction and enforced the protection of African Americans in the South through the use of the Enforcement Acts passed by Congress.

Robert E. Lee

LeeGeneral Robert E. LeeGeneral Lee
For thirteen months, Grant fought Robert E. Lee during the high casualty Overland Campaign and at Petersburg.
Lee surrendered the remnant of his army to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865.

Julia Grant

JuliaJulia Dent GrantJulia Dent
In 1848, he married Julia Dent, and together they had four children.
Julia Boggs Grant (née Dent; January 26, 1826 – December 14, 1902) was the First Lady of the United States and wife of Ulysses S. Grant.

World tour of Ulysses S. Grant

world tourpost-presidency world tourtour
In his retirement, Grant was the first president to circumnavigate the world on his tour meeting with many foreign leaders.
The world tour of Ulysses S. Grant began in May 1877, only a couple of months after Grant's second presidential term had ended.

Ulysses S. Grant and the American Civil War

Ulysses S. GrantUnion General Ulysses S. GrantCommanding General
Historians have hailed Grant's military genius, and his modern strategies of warfare are featured in military history textbooks.
Ulysses S. Grant was the most acclaimed Union general during the American Civil War and was twice elected President.

Battle of Appomattox Court House

AppomattoxAppomattox Court HouseBattle of Appomattox Courthouse
On April 9, 1865, Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox.
It was the final engagement of Confederate General in Chief, Robert E. Lee, and his Army of Northern Virginia before it surrendered to the Union Army of the Potomac under the Commanding General of the United States, Ulysses S. Grant.

Chattanooga campaign

Siege of ChattanoogaChattanoogaBattle of Chattanooga
After Grant's victory at Chattanooga, President Abraham Lincoln promoted Grant to Lieutenant General.
Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was given command of Union forces in the West, now consolidated under the Division of the Mississippi.

1876 United States presidential election

18761876 presidential electionpresidential election of 1876
Grant had only one role in the intensely disputed Presidential election of 1876: he guaranteed there was a peaceful compromise approved by Congress.
After President Ulysses S. Grant declined to seek a third term despite previously being expected to do so, Congressman James G. Blaine emerged as the front-runner for the Republican nomination.

Annexation of Santo Domingo

annexAnnex the Dominican Republicannex Santo Domingo
In foreign affairs, the Grant administration peacefully resolved the Alabama claims against Great Britain, but the Senate rejected Grant's prized Caribbean Dominican Republic annexation.
The Annexation of Santo Domingo was an attempted treaty during the later Reconstruction Era, initiated by United States President Ulysses S. Grant in 1869, to annex "Santo Domingo" (as the Dominican Republic was commonly known) as a United States territory, with the promise of eventual statehood.

Jesse Root Grant

Jesse Granthistorians
Hiram Ulysses Grant was born in Point Pleasant, Ohio, on April 27, 1822, to Jesse Root Grant, a tanner and merchant, and Hannah Simpson Grant.
He is best known as the father of Ulysses S. Grant and the one who introduced Ulysses to military life at West Point.

Historical reputation of Ulysses S. Grant

Historical assessments
Historical assessments of Grant's legacy have varied.
Hundreds of historians and biographers have written biographies and historical accounts about the life of Ulysses S. Grant and his performance in military and presidential affairs.

Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant

Personal MemoirsmemoirsGrant's Memoirs
In the final year of his life, facing severe financial reversals and dying of throat cancer, he wrote his memoirs, which proved to be a major critical and financial success.
The Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant is an autobiography by Ulysses S. Grant, the 18th President of the United States, focused mainly on his military career during the Mexican–American War and the American Civil War, and completed as he was dying of throat cancer in 1885.

Hannah Simpson Grant

Hiram Ulysses Grant was born in Point Pleasant, Ohio, on April 27, 1822, to Jesse Root Grant, a tanner and merchant, and Hannah Simpson Grant.
Hannah Simpson Grant (November 23, 1798 – May 11, 1883) was the mother of Ulysses S. Grant, a Union general in the American Civil War and the 18th president of the United States.

Radical Republicans

Radical RepublicanRadicalRadicals
As president, Grant worked with the Radical Republicans in the Reconstruction of the Union while having to deal with corruption in his administration.
They included John A. Logan of Illinois, Edwin Stanton of Ohio, Benjamin Butler of Massachusetts, Ulysses S. Grant of Illinois and Vice President Andrew Johnson (Johnson broke with the Radicals after he became President).

United States Civil Service Commission

Civil Service CommissionU.S. Civil Service CommissionCivil Service Commissioner
In 1871, he created the first Civil Service Commission.
On March 3, 1871, President Ulysses S. Grant signed into law the first U.S. civil service reform legislation, which had been passed by Congress.

President of the United States

PresidentU.S. PresidentUnited States President
Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American soldier and politician who served as the 18th president of the United States from 1869 to 1877.
Abraham Lincoln was deeply involved in overall strategy and in day-to-day operations during the American Civil War, 1861–1865; historians have given Lincoln high praise for his strategic sense and his ability to select and encourage commanders such as Ulysses S. Grant.

Mexican–American War

Mexican-American WarMexican WarMexican American War
Grant served with distinction in the Mexican–American War.
In his 1885 memoirs, former US President Ulysses Grant (himself a veteran of the Mexican war) attributed Mexico's defeat to the poor quality of their army, writing:

Jesse Root Grant (politician)

Jesse Root GrantJesseJesse Grant
They had four children: Frederick, Ulysses Jr. ("Buck"), Ellen ("Nellie"), and Jesse.
He was the youngest son of President Ulysses S. Grant and First Lady Julia Grant.

Frederick Dent Grant

Frederick D. GrantFrederickFred
They had four children: Frederick, Ulysses Jr. ("Buck"), Ellen ("Nellie"), and Jesse.
Grant was the first son of General and President of the United States Ulysses S. Grant and Julia Grant.

Historical rankings of presidents of the United States

rankedpolls of historians and political scientistsrank
20th century historical rankings of presidents of the United States, ranked Grant among the worst presidents because of corruption charges against some of his top appointees or White House military aides.
The bottom 10 often include James Buchanan, Warren G. Harding, Andrew Johnson, Franklin Pierce, Millard Fillmore, William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, Ulysses S. Grant, Zachary Taylor, George W. Bush, and/or Donald Trump.